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WHOLE NUMBER

Write in words : 254 two hundred and fifty-four 132 one hundred and thirty-two 254 132 Thou => two hundred fifty-four thousand one hundred and thirty-two.

Write in numerals
Nine hundred fifty-seven thousand and six 9 5 7 0 0 6

thou

=>

957 006

Place value and digit value. Place value chart.


Hundred
thousands

Ten
thousands

thousands

hundreds

tens

ones

3 2 4 5 7 8 Place value Digit value 3 2 4 5 7 8 4 0 0 0 thousands 4000

Rounding off numbers


1. 2. 3. 4. Underline the digit involved Replace the other digits on its right with zero. Retain all the digits on its left. Look at the first to the right of the place value involved. If the digit is less than 5 (0,1,2,3,4) retain the digit. If the digit is 5 or more (5,6,7,8,9) add 1 to the digit.

Rounding off numbers. - Use place value chart.


Hundred thousand s Ten thousand s thousand s hundreds tens ones

0+1

Nearest tens

Nearest hundred

Hundred thousand s

Ten thousand s

thousand s

hundreds

tens

ones

9 9

6 6

4 4

1 0

0 0

H thou

Ten thou 9

Thou 6

H
4

tens 1

ones 0

Nearest thousand

Basic operation addition


7
+

6 7 4

8 1 0

5 8 3

7 7

2 3

3 1

: 7685 + 723718 1. Write in vertical form. 2. Same place value. 3. Do the calculation use number line 1-18.

76120 9282 = 66838


6 15 10 11 10

7
-

6 9 6

1 2 8

2 8 3

0 2 8

subtraction

10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Multiplication
Using lattice style 45 123 x 7 = 315 861 4 3 5 1 2 3 2 1 1 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63

2+1 3 0 1 8 5 7 4 1 5 8 6

645 X 17 = 10 965
6 0 4 0 0 5

1
4 0

6
2 2

4
8

+1

5
5 7

Multiplied by 10, 100, 1000

1324 10
1324 10 13240
1324 X 100

1324 1000
1324 1000 1324000

1324 X 100 132400

Division
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36

1048 4 = 262
262
4

1 048 8
24 24 8 8 0

Divided by ten 6 277 10 = 6 277 10 627 remainder 7 627 7

Divided by 100 6 277 10 0 =

6277 100

62 remainder 77 62.77

Divided by 1000 6 277 10 00 =

6 277 1 000

6 remainder 277 6.277

DECIMAL
- Place value and digit value - use place value chart 30 26
Tens ones d. p tenths hundredths

2 tenths 0.2

Digit 2 Place value Digit value

Addition and subtraction 1. 23 + 5.38


2
+ 2

3
5 8

.
. .

0
3 3

0
8 8

Rounding off decimal numbers


Nearest tenths ( 1 decimal place) 4 . 312 4.3 Nearest hundredths ( 2 decimal places) 4.312 4.31

FRACTIONS
Equivalent fraction - multiplied denominator and numerator by the same number. 2 = 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 2

Simplest form - divided numerator and denominator by the same number

4 6

2
2

2 3

PERCENTAGE -Calculate 18 % of 250


18 100

250 = 45

= 450
10

average
Find the average 3 , 18 and 66 3 + 18 + 66 = 3 Total of quantity divided by number of quantity

CONVERSION OF UNITS
Length Km
x1000 x 100 x 10

cm

mm

1000

100

10

Km

cm

mm

Mass Kg

x 1000

1000

Kg

Volume of Liquid x1000

l
1000

ml

ml

1. 2 6 Kg + 725 g =

kg 2 0 3

. 6
7 3
-

g 0 2 2

0 5 5

3.325 kg 3325 g 3 Kg 325g

1 km 7 8 1 6

3 5 7

12

1000 m 17 7 8 9

0 0 0

6.790 km 6790 m 6 km 790m

22 cm + 4 m
1 = 100
m 0 4 4 cm 2 2 0 0 2 2

4m

22 cm

4 . 22 m
422 cm

PERIMETER
8 cm 5 cm 4 cm 6 6 cm

Perimeter = 8 cm + 6 cm + 8 cm + 5 cm + 4 cm + 5 cm + 2 cm = 38 cm

AREA
3 cm

5 cm
Area = length x breadth = 3 cm x 5 cm
2

= 15 cm

VOLUME
3 cm volume = l x b x h = 3cm x 5cm x 3cm
3

= 45 cm

5 cm
3 cm