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HOME APPLIANCES CONTROL SYSTEM USING GSM TECHNOLOGY

GUIDE : Mr.G.RAVIKANTH

V. VARUN (09RCIA0456) M.GEYANI (09RC1A0411) P.SHIVA (09RC1AO442) T.MALLIKARJUN(09RC1A0453)

LAQSHYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES

INTRODUCTION

Now a day's every one prefers automated control systems because of its
Less Manual Operations

More Accurate

Implementing an interfacing system to remotely control Home Appliances using the GSM Technology.

Literature Survey
Previous Technologies For Controlling Home Appliances :
GSM RF Telephone

History of the GSM Technology


Mobile cellular systems introduced for commercial use

in the 1980s. In the beginnings of cellular systems, each country developed its own system, and so - The equipment was limited to operate only within the boundaries of each country. - The market was also limited. To overcome these limitations, the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) became in 1982.

GSM Technology
GSM stands for Global System for Mobile communications
Introduced in 1982 International roaming. Low mobile and base stations costs. High-quality speech

GSM Technology

GSM Radio Interface


Two frequency bands, of 25 Mhz for the GSM system:
The band 890-915 Mhz for the uplink The band 935-960 Mhz for the downlink

BLOCK DIAGRAM

POWER SUPPLY

LCD DISPLAY (16 X 2 LINES)

MAX 232

MICRO CONTROLLER AT89S51

RELAY 1

BULB

RELAY 1

WATER PUMP

GSM
MOTOR DRIVER GATE

DC FAN

MICROCONTROLLER
A Micro controller is called as SYSTEM ON A CHIP as it consists of A powerful CPU with memory, various I/O interfaces integrated on to a single silicon chip The main features are 4kbytes program memory 32 I/O lines Low power, high performance 8bit microcontroller

FEATURES OF AT89C51 MICROCONTROLLER


8bit CPU with registers A & B. 16-bit PC & DPTR 8- bit PSW & Stack Pointer Internal ROM of 0 to 4K Internal RAM of 128 bytes: Thirty two input/output pins arranged as ports:P0,P1,P2,P3 Two 16-bit timer/counters: T0 and T1 Full duplex serial data receiver/transmitter Control registers Two external and three internal interrupts sources.

four

8-bit

MICROCONTROLLER PIN DESCRIPTION

POWER SUPPLY
For supplying 5v DC power supply, we use the below circuit

MAX 232
Provides compatibility among various different equipments Introduced by Electronic Industries Association (EIA).

RS 232
In RS232, A logic 1 is represented by -3 to -25V, While a 0 bit is +3 to +25V, Making -3 to +3 undefined. For this reason, to connect any RS232 to a microcontroller system we must use voltage converters such as MAX232 to convert the TTL logic levels to the RS232 voltage levels, and vice versa

MAX 232

TXD

RXD TXD

2 3 5

Embedded Controller

RXD GND

MAX 232

LCD
16x2 Display Used for displaying Alphabets Numbers Special symbols

DESCRIPTION

1.

2.

3.

4.

ADVANTAGES :
Highly sensitive. Taking measures to reduce the electricity bill. Large coverage ON/OFF from any distance. Can handle heavy loads up to 7A.

APPLICATIONS:
Home appliance control. Hotel lights / fans control. Shops and showrooms. Industrial applications. Electronic applications for security.

FUTURE SCOPE

This project can be further enhanced by placing sensors and providing feedback to user. If any unauthorized person tries to enter into home, sensor will activate and GSM modem will pass this information to the owner of the house.