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ATMs: Automated Teller Machines

What is an ATM ??

An automated teller machine (ATM) is a computerized telecommunications device that provides the customers of a financial institution / bank with access to financial transactions in a public space without the need for a human clerk or bank teller round the clock (24 hrs a day)

ATM Card
On most modern ATMs, the customer is identified by inserting a

plastic ATM card with a magnetic stripe or a plastic smartcard with a chip, that contains a unique card number and some security information.

Security is provided by the customer entering a personal

identification number (PIN).

Functions of ATM
24-hour access to cash View Account Balances & Mini-statements Order a Cheque Book / Account Statement

Transfer Funds between accounts

Refill your Prepaid card Pay your utility bills Deposit cash or cheques Change your PIN Learn about other products

History Of ATM

The ATM was invented by Scot John Shepherd-Barron

The world's first ATM was installed in a branch of Barclays in the northern London borough of Enfield, Middlesex, in 1967.
A mechanical cash dispenser was developed and built by Luther George Simjian and installed in 1939 in New York City by the City Bank of New York The first person to use the machine was Reg Varney of "On the Buses" fame, a British Television programme from the 1960s The idea of a PIN stored on the card was developed by the British engineer John Rose in 1965. the modern, networked ATM was invented in Dallas, Texas, by Don Wetzel in 1968 Notable historical models of ATMs include the IBM 3624 and 473x series, Diebold 10xx and TABS 9000 series, and NCR 5xxx series.

Reg Varney using the first ATM in 1967

Structure of ATM
Card reader Keypad Speaker Display screen Receipt printer Cash dispenser

Card reader

The card reader captures the account information stored on the magnetic stripe on the back of an ATM/debit or credit card. The host processor uses this information to route the transaction to the cardholder's bank.

The keypad lets the cardholder tell the bank what kind of transaction is required (cash withdrawal, balance inquiry, etc.) and for what amount. Also, the bank requires the cardholder's personal identification number (PIN) for verification. Federal law requires that the PIN block be sent to the host processor in encrypted form.

The speaker provides the cardholder with auditory feedback when a key is pressed.

Display screen
The display screen prompts the cardholder through each step of the transaction process. Leased-line machines commonly use a monochrome or color CRT (cathode ray tube) display. Dial-up machines commonly use a monochrome or color LCD.

Receipt printer
The receipt printer provides the cardholder with a paper receipt of the transaction

Cash dispenser
The heart of an ATM is the safe and cashdispensing mechanism. The entire bottom portion of most small ATMs is a safe that contains the cash.


Threat A: Internet Protocol Worms

Threat B: IP Network Disruption/Denial of Services Threat C: Data Collection for Malicious purposes

THREAT A (Nachi worm) PREVENTION Installing software based firewall

IDS and IPS B (sapphire Separation of ATM from Public Internet (patch management) worm)


and physical separation of ATM Encryption of ATM traffic crossing public networks (VPN)

Types of ATMs
Onl-Line ATMs Off -line ATMs On- site ATMs

Off-Site ATMs
Mobile ATMs Biometric ATMs Talking ATMs ATMs For Blinds Drive In ATMs

Examples Of ATMs

Mobile ATM

Drive in ATM

On-site ATM

Off-Site ATM

ATM for Blinds

Biometric ATM

ATM Frauds
ATM Card cloning Frauds Fake ATMs (The first known instance of a fake ATM was installed at a shopping
mall in Manchester, in 1993)

PIN crack ATM Attack