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3.

1 ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (CLEAN AIR) REGULATIONS 1978

Part 1

Air impurities

Includes smoke, soot, dust, ash (including fly ash), cinders, grit, solid particles of any kind inclusive of particulates, gases, fumes, mist, odours and radioactive substance which are generated as a result of combustion of fuel and the like, or a result of the use of electricity as a heat source, or a result of synthesis, resolution or any other treatment and any other substance which may be designated by the Minister as those which are liable to affect adversely the human health or the living environment

Purpose
To

control air pollution from point sources and establishing maximum pollutant levels in the ambient air

Scope
Any

premises used for any industrial or trade purposes Any facilities or process that discharges or is capable of discharging air impurities into the open air Every chimney Every industrial plant Every fuel burning equipment

Major Provision

Industrial facilities adjacent to residential areas (Part II)


Premises shall located away from residential zone as gazetted by the Town and Country Planning Act 1976 In the absence of local plan, the premises shall situated within 1000m of the nearest house Burning of waste (e.g. combustible material) in incinerator only Permissible dark smoke for new facilities Shade No. 1 of the Ringelmann Chart For fuel burning equipment utilising solid fuel Shade No. 2

Burning of waste (Part III)

Dark smoke (Part IV)


Ringlemann Chart

The Ringelmann Smoke Chart, giving shades of gray by which the density of columns of smoke rising from stacks may be compared, was developed by Professor Maximilian Ringelmann of Paris. The Ringelmann Chart was used by the engineers in their studied of smokeless combustion. The chart is now used as a device for determining whether emissions of smoke are within limits or standards of permissibility (statutes and ordinances) established and expressed with reference to the chart.

The Ringelmann system is virtually a scheme whereby graduated shades of gray, varying by five equal steps between white and black, may be accurately reproduced by means of a rectangular grill of black lines of definite width and spacing on a white background. Card 0All white. Card 1Black lines 1 mm thick, 10 mm apart, leaving white spaces 9 mm square. Card 2Lines 2.3 mm thick, spaces 7.7 mm square. Card 3Lines 3.7 mm thick, spaces 6.3 mm square. Card 4Lines 5.5 mm thick, spaces 4.5 mm square. Card 5All black.

Measurement of the smoke

Major Provision

Air impurities (Part V) Every new facility shall comply with Standard C Every existing facility shall comply with Standard A within 2 years and comply with Standard B within 3 years Pollutants standard requirements Metals and metallic compounds Gaseous substances Asphalt concrete plant Portland cement plant Asbestos and free silica Monitoring of air impurities Penalty and Fees (Part VII) Fine not exceeding RM 10,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 2 years or both or To a further fine not exceeding RM 1000/day for every day that

Metal And Metallic Compounds

Unit: gram of elements/ Nm3 of effluent gas

ASPHALT CONCRETE PLANT

PORTLAND CEMENT PLANT

FACILITIES DISCHARGING ASBESTOS AND FREE SILICA

Reg. 49- License required to contravene acceptable condition for Reg. 7,14, 15, 16, 21, 24, 25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,34 and 35.
Apply

under the procedure in the EQ (Licensing) Regulations, 1977 And granting to DG that is not to cause hazard to public

Reg. 56 Penalty
If

contravenes the Reg. 7,14, 15, 16, 21, 24, 25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,34 and 35
Fine

<RM10000, jail <2 years, both To a further fine < RM1000/day for every day that the

First Schedule- New installations within residential areas not permitted without prior approval

Any equipment, plant or facility that may discharge or emit smoke as dark as or darker than shade No.1 on a Ringelmann Chart Any equipment, plant or facility used for the purpose of heating or generating of power that is rated to consume
Pulverised fuel

Any solid fuel at 20kg or more per hour Any liquid or gasseous matter at 10kg or more per hour

Any equipment, plant or facility that emits any solid particles exceeding 0.5 kg/hr

Any equipment, plant used for grain milling or polishing and consumes 1.5 kW and above Any wood working machinery that consumes 0.75 kW and above

Continue.

Any equipment or facility used in the manufacture, packing or repacking of paints, varnishes, lacquers and all pesticides listed in the First Schedule of the Pesticide Act 1974 Any equipment, plant or facility used in the manufacture, packing or repacking of industrial chemicals, in the process of which mercury, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, zinc, lead, copper or any compound thereof is emitted Any equipment, plant or facility used in the manufacture, packing or repacking of fish manure or animal feed or fertilizer Any equipment or plant used in the manufacture of asbestos containing products

Third Schedule - Noxious and offensive substances


Chlorine, bromine, iodine and its acid compounds Arsenic, ammonia and its compounds Fumes from benzene, cement, fish manure, pesticide formulating and manufacturing, asbestos product, tar, paraffin oil, petroleum works Smoke, grit and dust Aldehydes, amines, pyridine, acetylene, acetic anhydride and acetic acid, picolines, acrylates Carbon monoxide Fumes containing copper, lead, antimony, arsenic, mercury, zinc, aluminium, iron, silicon, calcium of their compounds Fumes containing uranium, beryllium, cadmium,

Forth Schedule - Undesirable occurrences


Justified complaint or evidence of nuisance and noninstallation of control equipment Breakdown or non-operation of control equipment Detection of discovery of diseases or occurrence among public residing or working in areas within the vicinity of the premises

Increase in mortality rates of public or animal life or both Discovery of pneumoconioses or fibrotic or other dust of the

lungs

Detection of pulmonary irritation Detection of dermatosis Continual eye irritation, choking or intoxication

3.2 ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (SCHEDULE WASTES) REGULATIONS, 1989

1. Citation 2. Interpretation 3. Notification of the generation of schedule waste 4. Disposal of schedule waste 5. Treatment of schedule waste 6. Reduction in the generation of schedule wastes by best praticable means 7. Responsibility of waste generator 8. Storage of schedule wastes 9. Waste generator shall keep an inventory of

10. Information to be provided by waste generator, contractor and occupier of prescribed premises 11. Scheduled waste transported outside waste generators premises to be accompanied by information 12. Spill or accidental discharge 13. Compounding offences

First schedule

Scheduled waste from non specific sources


28

categories
start with N

Code

Scheduled waste from specific sources


30

categories
start with S

Code

Second Schedule

Notification of scheduled waste


Completed

in 2 copies Particular identification

Third Schedule

Labeling requirement for scheduled wastes


10

labels

Particular labels
Square

set at an angle 45 Dimension not less than 10cm by 10cm Color coding Visible Made of metal plate, stick-on or stenciled or printed on the container or package Able to withstand open weather exposure

Fourth schedule

Scheduled wastes of potential incompatibility

FIFTH SCHEDULE Inventory of scheduled wastes


Waste

category code Name of waste Quantity (metric tonnes) Waste handling

Method (e.g. stored, processed, recovered) Quantity Place

Sixth Schedule

Consignment note for schedules wastes


Waste generator Contractor Storage/treatment/recovery/disposal/facility Operator

Seventh Schedule - Information

Properties

Category (First Schedule) Origin Physical properties of the waste

Risks (e.g. by inhalation, ingestion, dermal contact)


Personal protective equipment Procedures

Handling of waste

Appropriate label
Recommended method of disposal In case of inhalation of fumes or oral intake

Precaution in case of spill or accidental discharge

In case of dermal contact or contact with eyes


Spill on floor, soil, road etc. Spill into water

Action in the case of spill or accidental discharge


Fire

- Explosion

3.3 ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (SCHEDULE WASTES) REGULATIONS, 2005

New regulation in 2005 Add 2 new regulations


15.

Conduct of training 17. Revocation

Purpose

To regulate scheduled waste and mixtures that may be harmful to humans and environment Apply to any waste generator which generates scheduled waste as specified in the First Schedule

Scope

Major provisions
Waste generator shall notify DG of the new categories and quantities of schedules waste which are generated (Reg. 3) Schedules waste shall, as far as practicable, be rendered as innocuous (Reg. 4) Scheduled wastes shall be disposed (Reg. 4), treated (Reg. 5) and recovered (Reg. 6) within the premises of waste generator Storage of scheduled waste (Reg. 9)

Durable waste container Proper and adequate storage areas Less than 180 days and not more than 20 metric tonnes

Continue

Major provisions
Labelling of schedule waste and information of waste generator

(Reg. 10) Inventory of scheduled waste (using 5th Schedule) (Reg.11) Waste generators shall conform to the requirements of the consignment note (6th Schedule) system when transporting wastes to ensure it reaches the approved destination and are carried out by licensed transporters (Reg.12) Schedules wastes transported outside waste generator premises to be accompanied by information (Reg. 13) Information about the schedules wastes (7th Schedule) Transportation route selection Training Penalty, not exceeding RM 2,000 (Reg.16 and Section 45 of the Act)

First Schedule

Metal and metal-bearing wastes (SW 1)

10 classifications

Wastes containing principally inorganic constituents which may contain metals and organic materials (SW 2)

7 classifications

Wastes containing principally organic constituents which may contain metals and inorganic materials (SW 3)

27 classifications

Wastes which may contain either inorganic or organic constituents (SW 4)

32 classifications

Other wastes (SW 5)

Second Schedule

Notification of schedule wastes

Identification Production data

Raw material/chemicals Quantity Waste category code Waste source Name of waste Waste component Quantity

Waste data

Third Schedule

Same with EQ (Scheduled Wastes) Regulations 1989 Add label no. 11- Mixture of miscellaneous dangerous substances

Fifth schedule - inventory Sixth schedule consignment note (reg. 12) Seventh Schedule - information

3.4 ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT) REGULATIONS, 2009

Industrial effluent Any waste in the form of liquid or wastewater generated from manufacturing process including the treatment of water for water supply or any activity occurring at any industrial premises Mixed effluent Any waste in the form of liquid or wastewater containing both industrial effluent and sewage Sludge Any deposit of particulate matter settled from any liquid, including deposit resulting from physical, chemical, biological or other treatment of water or industrial effluent or mixed effluent

Purpose

To control water pollution from point sources and to maintain and restore the physicochemical and biological of the water body
to any premises which discharge or release industrial effluent or mixed effluent onto or into any soil or into inland waters or Malaysian waters, other than the premises as specified in the First Schedule

Scope
Apply

Major provisions

Monitoring of discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent (Reg. 7)

Submit the record of industrial effluent or mixed effluent

monitoring data to the DG Performance monitoring of effluent treatment system (Reg. 9) Acceptable condition for the discharge of industrial effluent other than parameter of COD (Reg. 11)

Fifth Schedule

Acceptable condition for the discharge of industrial effluent (Reg. 12) or mixed effluent (Reg. 13) for parameter of COD

Continue

License to contravene the acceptable conditions for the discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent (Reg. 15) Method of analysis and sampling of industrial effluent or mixed effluent (Reg. 16)

In-situ and ex-situ sampling

Prohibition against by-pass (Reg. 18) and dilution (Reg. 19) of industrial effluent of mixed effluent Prohibition against discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent containing certain substances (Reg. 21)

Any inflammable solvent Any tar or other liquid immiscible with water Saw dust or wood waste

Continue

Restriction on discharge or disposal of sludge (Reg. 23) Personnel training (Reg. 28) Training on environmental requirements and best management practice in the operation of the plant Maintain training record Penalty, not exceeding RM 100,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 5 years or both and to a further fine of not exceeding RM 1000/day for every day that the offence is continued after notice from DG (Reg. 32)

First schedule (Reg. 3)

List of premises which these regulation do not apply

Processing of oil-palm fruit or oil-palm fresh-fruit bunches into crude palm oil Processing of natural rubber Mining Processing, manufacturing, washing or servicing of any other products or goods that produce industrial effluent or mixed effluent of less than 60 m3 (13,000 imperial gallons) per day Processing, manufacturing, washing or servicing of any other products or goods that produce industrial effluent or mixed effluent which do does not contain oil and grease or those contaminants listed in (first column) in the Fifth Schedule Processing, manufacturing, washing or servicing of any other products or goods that produce industrial effluent or mixed effluent where the total load BOD5 or suspended solids or both shall not exceed 6 kg/day (100 mg/L)

Second Schedule (subreg. 4(2))

Notification for new or altered sources of discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent
Identification Operational information Information of water supply and consumption Information on industrial effluent treatment system and effluent disposal Sludge production and disposal Declaration

Fourth Schedule

Standard Methods of Analysis of Industrial Effluent or Mixed Effluent

Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater


American Public Health Association (APHA) Example:


Temperature, lab and field test (APHA 2550) pH value (APHA 4500) BOD (APHA 5210) COD (APHA 5220) Metals, by Flame Atomic Adsorption Spectrometry (APHA 3111)

Fifth Schedule

Acceptable Condition for Discharge of Industrial Effluent or Mixed Effluent of Standard A and B
30

parameters (combination of physical, inorganic, organic and metals)

Continue

Sixth Schedule

Lists of Catchment Areas where Standard A Applies


Areas

of upstream of surface water or subsurface water supply intakes, for the purpose of human consumption The water supply intake points shall include the public water supply intakes
Example:

Perlis; Anak sungai, Terusan Mada, Sungai Rasa, Empangan Timah Tasoh, Telaga Gerek

List of Catchment Monitored

National Water Quality Standard for Malaysia

Seventh Schedule

Acceptable condition for discharge of industrial effluent containing COD for specific trade or industrial sector

Eight Schedule

Acceptable condition for discharge of mixed effluent containing COD

Ninth Schedule

List of parameters for discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent which best management practice to be adopted

Nitrate nitrogen Sulphate Chloride Cobalt Detergent, anionic

Molybdenum
Phosphate (as P) Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) Beryllium Vanadium

Pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, rodenticides, fumigants or any other biocides or any chlorinated hydrocarbons
Any substance that either by itself or in combination or by reaction with other waste may give rise to any gas, fumes, or odour or substance which cause or is likely to cause pollution Total organic carbon Whole effluent toxicity (WET)

Tenth Schedule

Monthly industrial effluent or mixed effluent discharge monitoring report


Identification Information
Quality

on industrial effluent or mixed effluent

of effluent discharge

Declaration

Eleventh Schedule

Specification of point of discharge of industrial effluent or mixed effluent

Discharge point located in the boundary of the premises, immediately after final unit operation or process Discharge point is easily accessible and does not pose any safety hazards Effluent is discharge through a pipe, conduit or channel to facilitate sampling Discharge point physically identified Final Discharge Point Discharge points are properly maintained and hazards free

Twelfth Schedule

List of undesirable occurrences

Pollution cases that seriously threaten the environment or public health and safety which warrant immediately halt Premises that experience environmental disaster which may pose serious risk to the environment or the public Serious environmental pollution Premises which frequently commit similar offences Pollution cases which cause serious negative impact to aquatic life Serious environmental pollution with wide coverage of mass media Premises which discharge untreated or partially treated industrial or mixed effluents or through a by-pass

Thirteenth Schedule

Method of computing effluent-related license fee

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