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NUKE DEAL-

AN INSIGHT
PRESENTED BY:-
ABHIJIT DHUMAL
V.K.GOPU
GANESH PAWAR
WHAT IS
NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
• Discovery - By Henri Becquerel About
radioactivity

• Nuclear fission - An Atomic Bomb

• Nuclear fusion - A Hydrogen


Bomb

• Nuclear Weapons - Isotope


Separation

• Nuclear Power - Began In The


Early 1950s
Nuclear Accidents
• Three Mile island Incident (1979)
The Three Mile Island incident, which
ironically occurred two weeks after
the release of the disaster film The
China Syndrome greatly impacted
the public's perception of nuclear
power. Many human factors
engineering improvements were
made to American power plants in
the wake of Three Mile Island's
partial meltdown.
• Chernobyl Accident (1986)

The Chernobyl accident in 1986 further


alarmed the public about nuclear
power. While design differences
between the RBMK reactor used at
Chernobyl and most western reactors
virtually eliminate the possibility of
such an accident occurring outside of
the former Soviet Union, it is only
recently that the general public in the
United States has started to embrace
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT
• Hyde Act

• IAEA

• 123 AGREEMENT

• NSG
NUCLEAR POWER IN INDIA
• Operational plants:- Kaiga, Kakrapar,
Koodankulam, Madras, Rajastan ,Tarapur

• Research and testing:- Indira Gandhi Center for


Atomic Research (IGCAR) · Institute for Plasma
Research (IPR) · Manuguru · Pokhran · Smiling
Buddha · Pokhran-II ·

• Organizations Atomic Energy Commission:- Atomic


Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) · Department of
Atomic Energy · Nuclear Power Corporation of India
Ltd. (NPCIL)
CURRENT STATUS

• 123 Agreement
• Dr. Manmohan Singh:-

On June 19, 2008:-


threatened to resign his position.
After Trust Vote :-
credit goes to Sonia Gandhi, Jyoti Basu ,
Herkrishan Singh Surjeet , & M.Karunanidhi.
• India submitted the safeguards agreement to
the IAEA.

• G8 summit meeting in Toyako where he met


with U.S. President Geoge W. Bush.

• G8 Support for the nuclear deal.


POLITICAL ISSUES

•Pranab Mukherjee’s:-
“it is passport of country only then apply for visa
to enter another country” now apply for visa.

•Rahul Gandhi:-
poverty is directly connected with nuke- deal
• L K Advani( BJP) :-
“ we are not against nuclear energy & very close
relationship with America, but we would never
like India to become party of an agreement”

• Mohammad salim ( CPM):-


“ We gave a debit card ,but they kept
on overdrawing”
SUPPORTING PARTIES
• Indian National Congress
• Samajwadi party

• Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

• Rashtriya Janata Dal


OPPOSITION IN INDIA

• Bharatiya Janata Party

• Left Front
International support
• United Kingdom,
• France,
• Japan,
• Russia, and
• Germany.
• Australia, China ,and Canada supporting the
deal when India asks Nuclear Suppliers Group.
FOOD PROCESSING AND
AGRICULTURE
• Food irradiation is the process of exposing
food to ionizing radiation in order to destroy
microorganisms, bacteria, viruses, or insects
that might be present in the food.
• Food irradiation is currently permitted by over
40 countries and volumes are estimated to
exceed 500 000 metric tons annually world
wide.
HEALTH HAZARDS
• Carcinogenesis of thyroid, skin, breast,lungs and
salivary glands.
• Radiation dermatitis is also very common amongst
the laborers.
• Long-term exposure to radiation also related with
chromosomal mutations.
• Foetal abnormalities.
• No method to safely dispose the nuclear waste
products.
• Insurance costs
Nuclear Deal: Don’t Hide
The Hyde Act
ELECTRICITY IN INDIA
• The current per capita power consumption is
about 612 KWH per year while

• the world average is 2596 KWH

• Thermal Power:- 64.6% of total installed base.

• Hydro Power:- 24.7% of total installed base.

• Nuclear power:- 2.9% of total installed base