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The Role of Trade Unions in promoting OHS improvements at national and enterprise level

vkempa@etui-rehs.org

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

ETUI REHS

Background
Technical University Mining Industry Branch Trade Union TUTB ETUI - REHS HEalth and SAfety Department

Co-ordinating the involvement of New MS + CC OHSMS Migrant workers H&S

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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European Trade Union Institute for Research, Education and Health and Safety
WHO ARE WE?
58 employees 32 women 26 men 29 employed as officers

3 departments
34 persons in the Research Dep. 14 persons in the Education Dep. 10 persons in the Health and Safety Dep.

A diversity of professional backgrounds, nationalities, identities and cultural


backgrounds

We are a newly created, non-profit international organisation created by the


European Trade Union Confederation

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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ETUI-REHS HESA Department

http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk

Support and technical expertise to the ETUC Support to workers group within ACHS of Luxembourg and Bilbao Resources for EU policies Prevention systems forming part of coherent strategies Work organisation / Precarioius work / Non-standard conditions Workers H&S representation Application of EU legislation Enlargement Psychosocial risks - stress, violence MSD Chemicals Asbestos Work equipment safety / CEN Information: Publications - HESA Mail - HESA Newsletter Training
Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007
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OSH is a fundamental right

Every worker has the right to working conditions which respect his or her health, safety and dignity
(Art. 31 of the European Charter)

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Key points?

Autonomy Democracy Strategy Priorities Resources Social Dialogue (who implement legislation?) Tripartism Individual experience Collective knowledge
Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007
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The role?

Prevention Representative of workers Building of competencies Increasing of knowledge Increasing of awareness

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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The role?

Participation Monitoring To make things visible Co-legislator Action

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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The tools?

Legislation (I,C & P) H&S Reps Negotiations = Social Dialogue Training Bargaining Networking Cooperation with all the actors

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Co-operation of all the actors


Coll. & other agreements Written Form Education Funds Enforcement
Role of the state

Systematic H&S Management Democracy

CO-OPERATION

SOCIAL DIALOGUE &

Research Resources

Partnership Independency Co-ordination

Workers Reps New Forms

Promotion Media Avareness

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Single European Act (1987)


Art.
100a

95

Art.

118a

137

Establishment and functioning of the internal market

Improvement of the working environment.

Directives are

Directives lay down

binding
Product

minimum standards
Social

Directives
Machinery directive

Standardisation

Framework directive

Recommendations

Directives

Standardisation

Individual directives

Transposition and implementation into national law

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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EU legal initiatives

The Council Directive 89/391/EEC


+ 18 individual directives

Minimum standards

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work

89/391/EHS Framework Directive

Using of the work equipment 89/655/EEC Work Equipment (2)

Specific group of workers 92/85/EEC Pregnant and breastfeeding workers and worker who have recently given birth (10)

Specific activities 90/269/EEC Manual Handling of Loads (4) 90/270/EEC Display Screen Equipments (5) 92/91/EEC Drilling (11) Workplace 89/654/EEC Workplace (1) 92/57/EEC Temporary/Mobile Construction Sites (8) 92/58/EEC Safety and/or Health Signs (9) 92/104/EEC Surface and Underground Mineralextracting Industries (12) 93/103/EC Fishing Wessels (13) 1999/92/EC Explosive Athmospheres (15) Exposure to agents 90/394/EEC Carcinogens (6) 2000/54/EC Biological Agents (7) 98/24/EC Chemical Agents (14) 2000/44/EC Vibrations (16) 2003/10/EC Noise (17) 2004/40/EC Electromagnetic Fields (18) Personal protection 89/656/EEC Personal Protective Equipment (3)

2000/39/EC Indicative occupational exposure limit values

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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OHS directives which are not directly under Framework Directive 89/391/EEC

91/383/EEC
Temporary Workers

Young Workers

94/33/EC

Working Time

93/104/EC 2000/34/EC 2000/79/EC 2002/15/EC

1983/477/EC 1999/77/EC 2003/18/EC


Asbestos

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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New and Candidate Countries A heavy workload of implementation


Historical background Time factor Other priorities Social dialogue unnecessary obstacle Need to improve communication Limited resources Lack of government participation Lack of funds and awareness Missing economic incentives Inadequate infrastructure
ETUI REHS

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

Key principles of EU OHS law


Prevention

Hierarchy of prevention measures Continuous improvement

Health and Safety


Employers responsibility Social dialogue and participation of employees Multidisciplinarity in preventive services & holistic approach
Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007
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to work

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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SAFE and HEALTHY workplace

MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES versus SOCIAL DIALOGUE ? or

BROAD CO-OPERATION AMONG ALL THE ACTORS?

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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What is needed ?

Strategy

Priorities Resources

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Succesful management to prevent accidents

Initial Review

Promotion of a new preventive approach OHS Policy Increasing of awareness, training OHS services Risk assessment and documentation Prevention plans, implementation Measuring efficiency Enforcement WORKERS PARTICIPATION
Measuring Efficiency Application Performance Audit Revision Planning Organisation

Policy Improvements

Setting up OHS Policy

Organisational Improvements

Developing of the techniques for planning, measurements and evaluations

Feed-back for the innovation of the Efficiency

Social Dialogue Committee Conference: Postal Occupational Safety Today & Tomorrow Budapest 23-24 March 2005

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Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

ETUI REHS

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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Hirearchy of prevention measures


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Avoid risks Evaluate the risks that cannot be avoided Combat risks at source Adapt the work to the individual Adapt to technical progress Replace dangerous by non-dangerous or less dangerous Develop a coherent overall prevention policy

8.
9.

Give collective protective measures priority over individual ones


Give appropriate instructions
Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007
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7 principles of

Find a substitution

accident prevention
Control the risk Identify hazard

Protect yourself Evaluate the risk

Eliminate
the risk

OR ESCAPE!

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

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http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/uk http://hesa.etui-rehs.org/fr
vkempa@etui-rehs.org

Strenghtening Social Dialogue for Improving OSH in South East Europe Budapest 28 - 29 June 2007

ETUI REHS