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C.P is used as an inclusive term to

describe a group of non-progressive
disorders occurring in young children in
which disease of the brain causes
impairment of motor function. The
impairment of motor function may be the
result of paresis, involuntary movement or
in coordination, but motor disorders which
are transient or are the result of
progressive disease of the brain or
attributable to abnormalities of the spinal
cord are to be excluded.
Ingram 1955,1964.

C.P is a motor disorder due to non-

progressive abnormalities of the
brain. The disorder of motor control is
only one, and often the least of the
difficulties ,they may have mental
affection, convulsions, defects of
hearing, eye-sight or other sensory
Crothers and Paine 1959

C.P is a disorder of posture and

movement due to defect or lesion
of the immature brain.
Bax 1964

C.P is a permanent but not

unchanging impairment of posture
and movement resulting from non-
progressive brain disorder due to
hereditary factors, events during
pregnancy, delivery, the neo-natal
period or the first two years of life.
The bobath centre, london.
C.P is a disorder of movement and
posture that appears during infancy
or early childhood.It is caused by
non-progressive damage to the brain
before, during or shortly after
birth.C.P is not a single disease but a
name given to a wide variety of static
neuromotor impairment syndromes
occurring secondary to a lesion in the
developing brain.(The help guide to
C.P is a neurodevelopment
impairment caused by non-
progressive defect or lesion in single
or multiple locations in the immature
brain. The defect or lesion can occur
inutero or shortly after birth and
produces motor impairment and
possible sensory deficits that are
usually evident in early infancy.
Scherzer and Tscharnuter,1990

C.P is an umbrella term for a group of

non-progressive but often changing,
motor impairment syndromes
secondary to lesions or anomalies of
the brain arising in the early stages of
its development,C.P is a symptom
complex rather than a specific
Mutch 1992
C.P describes a group of permanent
disorders of the development of
movement and posture causing
activity limitation that are attributed to
the non-progressive disturbances that
occurred in the developing fetal or
infant brain.
The motor disorders of C.P are often
accompanied by disturbances of -

unication and behaviour,epilepsy,and
secondary musculo-skeletal
Peter Rosenbaum et al
2007,DMCN,49,8-14 (Supplement)