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Micro Nano Engineering

Recent topic on micro-nano laser processing of material

Content
1) Introduction
History Big Picture Classification Application

2) Laser Forming 3) Laser Rapid Prototype 4) Laser Machining 5) Laser Joining 6) Laser Surface Engineering 7) Laser Nano Fabrication 8) Summary

Laser Development History


Date 1916 1928 Name Albert Einstein Rudolph W Ladenburg Achivement Theory of light emission Confirmed existence of stimulated emission and negative absorption

1957

Gordon Gould

First document defining a laser; notarised by a candy store owner. Credited with patent right I 1970s.
Invented first working laser based on ruby. May 16th 1960 Hughes Research Laboratories.

1960 1961 1964

Theodore Maiman

A.G. Fox and T.Li Theoretical analysis of optical resonators at Bell laboratories. Kumar N.Patel Invention of the CO2 laser at Bell laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey.

1969

GM Delco

First industrial installation of three lasers for automobile application

Date 1970 1974 1981

Name Nicholai Basovs group J.J. Ewing and Charles Brau Arthur Schawlow Nicolaas Bloembergen

Achivement First Excimer laser at lebedev lab, Moscow First rare gas helide excimer at Avaco Everet Lab. Awarded Nobel Physics prize for work in non linear optics and spectroscopy.

Big Image of micro-nano laser processing


What kind of laser processing should be used?
Laser Ablation
PLD Femtosecond laser beam machine Laser Edging Compound laser beam machine Vacuum-ultraviolet-laser process Laser 3D Laser annealing Laser Micro Heat Processing

Laser excitation reaction


Laser CVD

Laser-thermo process
Laser Processing

What kind of material should be focused


Light and an electronic physicalproperties raw material Highly efficient constituent material Organic and a biopolymer raw material

semiconductor thin film


dielectric thin film Diamond thin film

Ceramic film
Ultrafine particle Fullerene

Organic thin film


polymeric membrane DNA

Expected product and technology


Light and an electronic physical-properties raw material Micro device Photonics Crystal Quantum Dot Mechatronics MEMS/NEMS Fuel cell Solar cell Micro censor Energy and Environment Chemistry/Bio/Medical Bio chip Micro chip Laser treatment

Micro reactor

Classification of laser material processing

Laser Forming
Laser bending Laser manufacturing

http://www.gsst.kumamotou.ac.jp/kenkyu/pdf/sangyo/material/otsu.pdf

http://www.laserwh.cn/metaldoctorappl ication1.htm

Laser Rapid Prototyping

Laser Machining
Laser Cutting Laser Drilling

http://www.medicaldevicenetwork.com/contractors/contractservices/lastec/lastec2.html

http://www.laserindustrial.com/micro_machining_examples.ht ml

Laser Joining
Laser Welding Laser Soldering

http://implant-mechanix.com/?cat=12

http://delphi-lasermicromachining.com/Solutions/?s=323

Laser Nano Fabrication


Femtosecond laser two-photon polymerization nanolithography

http://www.industrial-lasers.com/articles/print/volume-27/issue-04/features/lasernanofabrication-a-route-toward-next-generation-mass-production.html

Summary
The recent micro-nano laser technology have been step forward into a new stage. This give a big contribution to engineering and biological field such as mechatronics, material science, medical science etc. This kind of technology have a huge potential to be expand to others field such as in agricultural and marine. This technology should be the opportunity to improve human civilization.

Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNZaUAA8 Uv4

Concept of the time used at pulse width for laser


Second Millisecond
Microsecond

1 sec

103
106

Nanosecond
Picosecond

109
1012

Femtosecond

1015

Nanomanipulation System

Source : T. Fukuda al. IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine, Vol. 2 Issue 2, pp. 1831 2008