Anda di halaman 1dari 17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES FOR HIDDEN CORROSION DETECTION


PRESENTED BY THEJAS N
Internal guide:

Dr.M.Venkatarama Reddy
Professor and Head Dept of Mechanical Engineering Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore.

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


INTRODUCTION

Corrosion is one of the serious problems affecting air force and other aviation industries. It affects the aircraft on its wings, surface, between joints and fasteners. The presences of corrosion underneath the paints of surface and between joints are not easy to be detected. The unnoticed presence of corrosion may cause the aircraft to crash leading to human and money loses. Hence for the further use of the plane, Non-destructive tests (NDT) are carried out.

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


CONVENTIONAL ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES

It is time consuming. Conventional method is not capable of detecting disbonds between layers and cracks at fastener holes. These defects are over come by a newly developed inspection method using guided ultrasonic waves.

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


BASIC PRICIPLE OF ULTRSONIC GUIDE WAVES

fig1.oblique incidence technique


I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


EXPERIMENTAL SETUP

fig2.Air coupled ultrasonic guide waves


I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


ADVANTAGES OF GUIDED ULTRASONIC WAVES

Inspection over long distances from a single probe position. Ability to detect structures under water, coatings, insulation, multilayer structures or concretes with an excellent sensitivity. Potential with multimode and frequency lamb type, surface or horizontal shear waves to detect, locate, classify and size defects. Cost effectiveness because of simplicity and speed

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


CORROSION DETECTION IN AN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES USING GUIDED LAMB WAVES
WHY GUIDED LAMB WAVES ? Multimode capability Possess guiding character propagate for long distance sensitive to different type of flaws variable mode structure and distributions Fig3.Symmetric lamb waves

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


CONVENTIONAL C-SCAN INSPECTION TECHNIQUE

Fig4. conventional ultrasonic inspection

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


GUIDED WAVE INSPECTION

Fig5. lamb wave inspection technique

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


EXPERIMENTAL SETUP

Fig6. tone burst system


I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


APPLICATIONS

ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUE FOR THE DETECTION OF LINER CORROSION IN HELICOPTER FUEL TANKS

fig7. Helicopter fuel tank


THEJAS N

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES FOR THE DETECTION DEFECTS IN RAILS AND WELDED RAIL JOINTS

OF

fig8.Surface defects

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF CORROSION DETECTION IN PIPING

fig9.Electromagnetic acoustic transducer assembly on a pipe run

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES FOR CORROSION DETECTION IN A STORAGE TANKS

fig10. Storage tank


I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering


REFERENCES

Corrosion Detection Technologies, BDM Federal Inc., March 1998 L.E. Soley and J.L. Rose, Ultrasonic Guided Waves for the Detection of Defects and Corrosion in Multi-Layer Structures, Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 19B, 2000, pp. 1801-1808. D. Tuzzeo and F. Lanza di Scalea, Noncontact Air-Coupled Guided Wave Ultrasonic for Detection of Thinning Defects in Aluminum Plates, Research in Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2001, pp. 61-77 Y. Bar-Cohen, A.K. Mal and M. Lasser, NDE of Hidden Flaws in Aging Aircraft Structures Using Obliquely Backscattered Ultrasonic Signals (OBUS), The SPIE Conference on Nondestructive Evaluation of Aging Aircraft, Airports, and Aerospace Hardware III, Vol. 3586, 1999, pp. 347353.
THEJAS N
BATCH 2009-2011

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

J.C.I. Chang, Aging Aircraft Science and Technology Issues and Challenges and USAF Aging Aircraft Program, Structural Integrity in Aging Aircraft, ASME: AD- Vol. 47, 1995. Corrosion Detection Technologies, BDM Federal Inc., March 1998. R.P. Dalton, P. Cawley and M.J.S. Lowe, Propagation of Acoustic Emission Signals in Metallic Fuselage Structure, IEEE Proceedings: Science, Measurement and Technology, Vol. 148, 2001a, pp. 169-177. R.P. Dalton, P. Cawley and M.J.S. Lowe, The Potential of Guided Waves for Monitoring Large Areas of Metallic Aircraft Fuselage Structure, Journal of NDE, Vol. 20, 2001b, pp. 29-46. M.J. Quarry and J.L. Rose; Multimode Guided Wave Inspection of Piping Using Comb Transducers, Materials Evaluation, Vol. 57, No. 10, October 1999, pp.1089-1090. L.E. Soley and J.L. Rose, Ultrasonic Guided Waves for the Detection of Defects and Corrosion in Multi-Layer Structures, Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol. 19B, 2000, pp. 1801-1808.
THEJAS N
BATCH 2009-2011

I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

1BI09MMD17

BANGALORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering

Thank you
I SEMESTER M.Tech. MACHINE DESIGN Batch 2009-11

THEJAS N

BATCH 2009-2011

1BI09MMD17