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Chitta Baral

Basic facts
Rail connectivity is very important for development Orissa is at the bottom of most parameters in India and its KBK+ and adivasi districts are the most backward in the country. Indian Railways makes a lot of its revenue and profit from Orissa (about 3000 crores/yr) ECOR (Bhubaneswar HQ, Sambalpur, Khurda Rd, Vizag), SECR (Bilaspur HQ & Div, Nagpur, Raipur) and SER (Kolkata HQ, Adra, CKP, KGP, Ranchi, but includes a lot of Orissa) include Orissa. By mostly transporting minerals But spends only about 1000 crores/yr on new lines, gauge conversion, and doubling As a result rail density is among the lowest in states like Chhatisgarh and Orissa; especially in its backward, tribal, maoist infested areas. In essence Indian Railways continues be an exploiter of Orissa and Chhatisgarh and partly responsible for the backwardness of many districts of Orissa such as KBK This exploitation of Orissa and Chhatisgarh by IR must STOP! IR must not take from the poor (Orissa) and give to the rich. It must spend all its profit from Orissa in Orissa until Orissa is at par with the country. It is a lie that IR only does profitable lines: 12000 kms of gauge conversions are mostly unprofitable lines

IR must speed-up establishing connectivity to the KBK+ and other Adivasi areas of Orissa and neighboring states
Khurda Rd - Balangir
Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali Lanjigarh Rd Junagarh Nabarangpur -Jeypore-

Malkangiri [Ranchi-Hyderabad Rail] Extended to Bhadrachalam-Bhadrachalam Rd in Andhra Pradesh [Bhadrachalam Rd is connected to Dornakal which is halfway in between Vijaywada and Kazipet] Talcher-Bimlagarh (in Sundergarh District) Bangiriposi -Gurumahishasini and/or Buramara-Chakulia

2004-05 rail density


Average rail density for India is 19.13. The rail density is highest in Delhi (138.2) followed by West

Bengal (43.4), Punjab (41.6), Haryana (36.1), Bihar (35.9), Uttar Pradesh (35.8), Tamil Nadu (32.1), Assam (31.9), Kerala (27), Gujarat (26.9) and Jharkhand (24.3). Among the major states outside Northeast and Jammu and Kashmir the lowest rail density is in Himachal Pradesh (5.1), followed by Uttarakhand (6.4), Chhattisgarh (8.6), Orissa (14.6), Karnataka (15.5), Madhya Pradesh (15.9), Rajasthan (17), Maharashtra (17.9), Goa (18.6) and Andhra Pradesh (18.9).

Expected change in rail density - 1


Several new rail connections are under works, some to be
Haridaspur-Paradeep Bhadrak-Dhamara Angul-Sukinda rd

in expedited mode due to PPP built port and mine linkages

Gauge conversion of 13,000 kms is being given priority:

Project unigauge

Orissa has only two short gauge conversion projects

Baripada-Bangiriposi (37.4kms) Naupada-Gunupur (90 kms)

Others states have huge stretches of narrow gauge under

prioritized conversion http://www.hindu.com/2006/12/25/stories/2006122521080100.htm all 13,000 kms is proposed to be done in the 11th plan.

Expected change in rail density - 2


Orissa is so behind:
Can not even think of metro rail and circular rail Metro rails are being planned all over the country

First two dedicated freight corridors do not pass through

Orissa None of the high-speed corridors that have been talked about pass through Orissa. Summary: Despite the proposed PPP built linkages, and two short gauge conversions, Orissa may actually drastically fall behind in rail density. Conclusion: KBK and Adivasi area Connectivity must be finished during the 11th plan under whatever scheme.

Delay in Khurda Rd Balangir


Approved by Planning Commission -1993; Cost estimate 700 crores 1993-2007 88 crores; 2008-2009 32 crores; Remaining 580 crores Annual allocation is less than inflation; So at this rate it will never finish ECORs recent statement on June 17 2008: Khurda Road-Bolangir New Line Project sanctioned at a cost of Rs. 700.00 crores (Approx) is poised for continued progress. The Phase-I of the project (For 36 Kms) has been sanctioned by the Ministry at a cost of Rs. 69.98 crores. The East Coast Railway Construction Organisation has almost completed the land acquisition and earth work for phase-I of the project. Some bridges have also been completed in this portion. In rest of the section, the land acquisition work has already been taken up in Khurda, Nayagarh and Bolangir districts. This year (2008-09), Rs. 32.00 crores of funds have been allotted for various works which are in progress in this project. Detailed estimate of Phase-II of the project is also under consideration of Railway Board. It is also likely that more funds may be allotted to this project if the problems of land acquisition, forestry clearance and law & order do not hamper the progress and pace of work. It may also be mentioned that for such social oriented projects, the financial participation by State Government & other Agencies would also act as catalyst in speeding up the completion of this project in less time.

IR not to be believed on Khurda Rd- Balangir


The Current IR policies do not favor it
They focus on
Doubling, tripling, Electrification Gauge conversion Financially beneficial lines Lines related to Rail Ministers constituencies National Projects

Freight corridors; metros

They want States to chip in 50% for the other projects they

categorize as social oriented project

Current IR priorities are flawed and harmful to parts of Orissa (eg. KBK+ and Adivasi areas)
They do not seem to be taking into account the profit

and revenue IR makes from its Orissa operations


Especially from transporting minerals that are present in

the Adivasi areas of Orissa

Profitability of some IR zones: Zone working expenses as part of Gross Earnings


Zones South East Central East Coast North Central 2003-04 62.8% 66.64% 76.33% 2004-05 56.10% 61.75% 66.71% 2005-06 49.97% 54% 61.06% 2006-07 47.2% 53.03% 58.22% 2007-08 47.2% 48.8% 55.6% 2008-09 (budget) 51.6% 50.8% 59.4%

Central
South Eastern South Central West Central South Western Western Northern

80.29%
81.24% 85.72% 80.99% 91.35% 93.21% 91.08%

82.48%
83.51% 83.62% 84.08% 86.15% 90.85% 92.89%

84.82%
67.54% 79.7% 82.67% 80.97% 85.11% * 83.9% *

79.33%
58.39% 71.83% 67.8% 74% 79.20% * 88.32% *

76.8%
55.1% 67.5% 68.8% 70.8% 79.1% 88.5%

83.3%
60% 73.8% 73.1% 74.6% 86.5% 77%

East Central

93.65%

98.90%

82.3%

85.23%

88.3%

97.6%

Loss made by some IR zones: Zone working expenses as part of Gross Earnings
Zones 2003-04 2004-05 264.38% 160.88% 159.45% 152.84% 120.79% 104.98% 2005-06 237.92% 144.72% 128.85%* 145.4% 114.45% 91.78% * 2006-07 221.28% 132.64% 108.07%* 117.6% 150.52% 105.85% 86.91% * 87.1% 120.1% 107.2% 139.5% 101% 86.5% 134% 129.2% 161% 111.5% 99.6% 2007-08 2008-09 (budget)

Metro Kolkata 247.40% North Eastern 151.93% Northeast Frontier Eastern Southern Northwestern 147.98% 161.30% 118.55% 106.26%

ECOR Railway

ECOR has 4% of IRs tracks 7+% of IRs earnings in 2006-07, 2005-06, 2004-05 15+%, 20+% and 27+% of IRs profit in 2006-07, 2005-06, 2004-05 Gross Earnings and Profit 2008-2009 (budget): 6034.11 crores and 3077.15 crores 2007-2008: 5482.59 crores and 2912.26 crores 2006-2007: 4425.19 crores and 2168.60 crores 2005-2006: 3934.04 crores and 1809.98 crores 2004-2005: 3312.71 crores and 1261.39 crores The profit mostly comes from transporting minerals available in the Adivasi districts of Orissa, AP and Chhatisgarh If only some of it was ploughed back to those districts! But alas the IR priorities rule that out saying
Khurda Rd- Balangir is a social thing (euphemism for not profitable)

IR must find a way to complete in a time bound manner


Khurda Balangir line (during 11th plan)
Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali (during 11th plan) Lanjigarh Rd Junagarh Nabarangpur -Jeypore-

Malkangiri - Bhadrachalam-Bhadrachalam Rd (Andhra Pradesh) Talcher-Bimlagarh (in Sundergarh District) Bangiriposi -Gurumahishasini and/or BuramaraChakulia (during 11th plan)

What are some of the ways


Change its definition of priorities to include lines in profitable

zones serving Adivasis and backward areas as priorities A fiscally conservative version of RARSY (Remote area rail sampark yojana proposed in 2004 Rail budget by the then Rail Minister Nitish Kumar) Declare them as National projects on the ground that these areas are also a kind of frontier and serve strategic interests. Make ECOR an independent unit like Konkan Railway Let ECOR figure out how to manage its business and still make profit. Vizag wants out of ECOR Let the AP part of ECOR go out In return add the Orissa portion of SER as well as Orissa portion of SE Central

National projects
This means that it will be constructed and completed

irrespective of cost. The central government will fund the entire project. Currently:
Kashmir railways
Railways in the north eastern states

Proposed (in works) New rail lines in Uttarakhand

National projects in Northeast


Aim: The planning commission aims to break the sense of

isolation associated with it. Several projects for the NE have been planned during the 11th five year plan. The lines that are national projects

Kumaraghat-Agartala; Jiribhum-Tulpul; Dimapur-Zuzba; Azra-

Byrnihat and the Bogibeel rail-cum-road bridge. Rangiya-Murkongselek; Kathakal-Bairabi gauge conversion New line from Jiribam to Imphal Road (Tupul) 98 km at an anticipated cost of Rs.728 crore and is targeted for completion by March, 2010. New line from Kumarghat to Agartala-109 kms at a cost of Rs.880 crore and is targeted for completion during 2006-07. Gauge conversion of Lumding-Silchar-Jiribam & BadarpurBaraigram 292 kms at an estimated cost of Rs.1500 crore and is targeted for completion by March 2009.

National project in J & K


National project status since 2001
Jammu-Srinagar Estimated 6000 crores for the entire project.

Plans for Uttarakhand: proposed to be a national project


http://in.news.yahoo.com/070621/48/6h8tz.html

The Railway Ministry is planning to lay new broad gauge lines between
Tanakpur-Bageshwar (154 km long and is likely to cost

around Rs 2,371 crore ) [survey in 2006] and Rishikesh-Karnprayag (125 km long and would require a sum of roughly Rs 2,000 crore for construction) [no survey yet] and get both the routes declared as National Projects.

Both these links are expected to improve connectivity to the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of the state.

The other frontier of India that is forgotten by Indian Railways!


Which other district clusters of India are hard to access? Which district clusters of India are among the most backward?
Way backward than J & K and Northeast.

Which other district clusters of India have a huge tribal population? Which other district clusters of India have extremist groups? Which other district clusters of India have dense forests and are hard to

access The cluster of districts consisting of

KBK+ districts in Orissa Adjacent districts in Andhra Pradesh Adjacent districts in Chhattisgarh

These district clusters are much far from the mainstream India than most

of Northeast and Jammu and Kashmir. Ironically the KBK+ and surrounding districts are rich in minerals and railways earns a lot of revenue from transporting minerals from those locations
minimal passenger services.

Most lines are dangling and unfinished and not properly connected and have

KBK Statistics
KBK districts are the most backward districts in Orissa as well as India.
Population below the poverty line in southern Orissa (of which KBK is a

part) is reported to be 89.17% of the people according to the 1999-2000 NSS data and 72% of the families according to the 1997 census.

The literacy rates in the KBK districts are abysmally low.


Malkangiri 31.26%, Nabarangpur 34.26%, Rayagada 35.61%, Koraput 36.2%,

Nuapada 42.29%, Kalahandi 46.2%, Balangir 54.93%, Sonepur 64.07%. Two adjacent districts also have low literacy: Gajapati 41.73% and Kandhamala 52.95%. The state average is 63.1%.

The tribal population percentage of the KBK districts are as follows:


Malkangiri 58.36% (+19.96% SC), Rayagada 56.04% (+14.28% SC),

Nabarangpur 55.27% (+15.09% SC), Koraput 50.67% (+13.41% SC), Nuapada 35.95% (+13.09% SC), Kalahandi 28.88% (+17.01% SC), Sonepur 22.11% (+9.5% SC), Balangir 22.06% (+15.39% SC). Two adjacent districts also have high tribal population. They are Kandhamala 51.51% (+18.21% SC) and Gajapati 47.88% (+8.77% SC) Tirbal percentage of Mayurbhanj is 57.87% and Sundergarh is 50.74%.

KBK districts among the most backward


In the book District Level Deprivation in the New

Millenium Bibek Debroy of Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies and Laveesh Bhandari of Indicus Analytics use the six indicators income poverty (poverty ratios), hunger, infant mortality rate, immunization, literacy rate and enrollment ratios to come up with a list of 69 backward districts in India.
They use the notion that a district is backward if it is in the bottom

25 percentile in at least four of the six indicators.

In their list of 69 backward districts there are 10 districts

from Orissa.

Balangir, Kalahandi, Koraput, Nawrangpur, Nuapada,

Rayagada, Gajapati, Kandhamala, Mayurbhanj, and Sundergarh.

Of these the first six are in KBK, the next two are adjacent

to KBK, i.e., in KBK+.

Planning Commission and others on backwardness and Railways


Planning Commission in its report comparing the development status

of economic infrastructure of Orissa, especially the KBK region, vis-avis the country says:
"Railways have always played an important role in the economic

development and rapid social transformation in all parts of the globe. It is one of the key economic infrastructures. However, it is most unfortunate that in a poor and backward state like Orissa, development of rail networks has received much less attention of the Central government in the post-independence period."

Similarly in analyzing the 69 backward districts of India Bibek Debroy

and Laveesh Bhandari say:

"Rail network is significantly less dense in the backward districts (with the

exception of Northern Bihar), and even the parts that are connected may not have frequent trains serving those locations."

Impact of the 3 KBK lines -1


(Khurda Rd-Balangir; Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali; Lanjigarh Rd- Jeypore-Malkangiri)
Parlakhemundi, the district headquarter of Gajapati will be on Broad

gauge rail and will be 305 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital). Sonepur, the district HQ of Sonepur district will be on Broad gauge rail and will be 259 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital). Boudh, the district HQ of Boudha district will be on Broad gauge and will be 217 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital). Nayagarha, the district HQ of Nayagarha district will be on Broad gauge and will be 84 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital). Bhawanipatna, the district HQ of Kalahandi district will be on Broad gauge and will be 450 kms from Bhubaneswar via Balangir and 504 kms from Bhubaneswar (the state capital) via Gunupur.

I.e. 5 district head quarters will now be connected to the

broad gauge and all of them will be within half a day from the state capital.

Impact of the 3 KBK lines -2


(Khurda Rd-Balangir; Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali; Lanjigarh Rd- Jeypore-Malkangiri)
Balangir, the district HQ of Balangir district will now be 309 kms from

Bhubaneswar instead of current 397 kms. Nawapara Rd, near the district HQ of Nawapara district will now be 459 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the earlier 547 kms. (will further reduced by the proposed Baragarh Rd Nawapara Rd line) Rayagada, the district HQ of Rayagada district will now be 419 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the current 502 kms. Koraput, the district HQ of Koraput district will now be 573 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the current 676 kms. Titlagarh, a major junction will now be 373 kms from Bhubaneswar instead of the current 461 kms.

2 district HQs (Nawapara and Rayagada) will now be

within half a day distance from the state capital.

Railways and Tribal employment 1


Railways is the largest employer in the world: 1.6 million

employees. It goes without saying that they must employ adequate number of people from tribal and backward districts How will they? Is the current approach of expecting tribals from districts such as KBK+ going from their remote villages to Railway job centers adequate
Not at all.

Can it be improved? Yes!


Have some job centers where the tribals live.

Railways and tribal employment 2


IR's current major production units are

Railway Coach factory in Kapurthala (Punjab) Integral Coach factory in Perambur near Chennai Diesel loco works in Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) Chittaranjan Loco works in Chittaranjan (West Bengal) Diesel-loco modernisation works in Patiala (Punjab) and Wheel and Axle plant in Bangalore (Karnataka)
indirect employment:10,000) Rail engine factory in Bihar's Saran district (cost: 1000 crores; direct employment: 5000 people; indirect employment:10,000) Wheel factory in Chhapra, Bihar Bogey and parts manufacturing unit, Alappuzha district, Kerala. Electric multiple unit, Kerala.

New proposed ones (under works)


Rail Coach factory in Rae Bareli (cost: 1000 crores; direct employment: 5000 people;

Please consider making a major production unit in the backward KBK+ districts It will have a huge impact on the tribals there.

Conclusion
The KBK+ districts of Orissa and adjacent districts in

Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are the other frontier of India:


among the most backward, inaccessible, tribal, extremist infested,

and the farthest away from mainstream India

Railways must connect these areas during the 11th plan in

whatever way possible. In particular,

Khurda Rd Balangir Naupada-Gunupur-Therubali Lanjigarh Rd Bhawanipatna-Junagarh-Nabrangpur-Jeypore-

Malkangiri Talcher-Bimlagarh Bangiriposi-Gurumahisasini and/or Buramara-Chakulia

Railways must establish 1-2 major production units in this

area.

Zones Central Eastern E. Central

New lines & gauge conversion in 2007-2008 budget over 10 crores allocation Ahmednagar-Parli (10,427), Putamba-Shirdi (20,15.6),Miraj-Latur(75.5,66) Deogarh-Dumka(10,0),Deoghar-Sultanganj(35,181),Rampurhat-Mandarhil(22,39), Azimganj-Jiaganj (22,39) Sakri-Hasanpur(20,5),Munger-Ganga-Rail-cum-Rd-bridge(120,610),Patna-Hajipur Ganga bridge(100,321), AraSasaram(25,0), Giridh-Koderma(20,0), Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi(40,91), Rajgir-Hisua (10,94), Koderma-Ranchi(50,0), Kosi Bridge(30,276), Koderma-Tilaiya(25,351), Fatuah-Islampur(10,198), Mansi-Saharsa (40,123)

ECOR
Northern N. Central N. Eastern NE. Frontier N. Western Southern S. Central S. Eastern SE Central S. Western Western W. Central

LanjigarhRd-Junagarh(12,84),Khurda Rd-Balangir(20,612),Haridaspur-Paradeep (20,481), TalcherBimlagarh(15,767), Naupada-Gunupur (25,0)


Chandigarh-Ludhiana(30,302),Rewari-Rohtak(40,43),Abohar-Fazilka(10,50), Nangal dam Talwara (24,158), DelhiRewari (10,0) Guna-Bhind(30,76),Lalitpur-SatnaKhajuraho(50,732), Hathua-Batni(40,133),Gonda-Gorakhpur(25,239), Gonda-Lucknow(10,58) Kumarghat-Agartala(45,182),Bogibeel Br(249,831),Jirbam-Imphal(15,625),New Moynaguri-Jogighopa(55,704), Lumdig-Silchar(90,696), N Jalpaiiguri-Silguri(25,50),Rangiya-Murkongselek(22,884), Aluabari Rd Silguri(15,155) Ajmer-Pushkar(10,44), Phulera-Bilara(20,0), Srigangnagar loop(30,136),Ajmer-Rewari(125,74) Missing Data Pedapalli-Nizamabad(35,306), Gulbarga-Bidar(20,301), Nandyal-Yerruguntla(15,118), Gadwal-Raichur(18,47), Obulavaripalle-Kpatnam(10,406),Jaggayapet-Mallacheruvu(10,43), Dharmavaram-Pakkala(85,191) Rupsa-Bangiriposi(35,26), Bankura-Damodar Valley(40,72), Ranch-Lohardaga(10,0) Dallirajahara-Jagdalpur(13,362), Chhindwara-Nagpur(70,267) Missing Data Pratapnaar-Chote Udepur(50,136), Rajpipla-Ankleshwar (10,105) Ramganj Mandi-Bhopal (30,622),

Zones Central Eastern E. Central

New lines & gauge conversion in 2008-2009 budget over 10 crores allocation Amravati-Narkher(20,82), Ahmednagar-Parli (10,436), Putamba-Shirdi (10,7),Miraj-Latur(95,196) Deogarh-Dumka(25,128),Deoghar-Sultanganj(35,167), Tarkeshwar-Bishnupur (15,153), Rampurhat-Mandarhil(10,57), Azimganj-Jiaganj (25,13), Bardhaman-Katwa (20,81) Munger-Ganga-Rail-cum-Rd-bridge(25,281),Patna-Hajipur Ganga bridge(25,438), Ara-Sasaram(20,5), GiridhKoderma(20,0), Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi(44,37), Rajgir-Hisua (20,43), Koderma-Ranchi(35,0), Kosi Bridge(50.254), Koderma-Tilaiya(15,299), Hajipur-Sagauli(20,234), Chhapra-Muzaffarpur(20,356), Darbhanga-Kusheshwar (20,184), Mansi-Saharsa (45,61)

ECOR
Northern N. Central N. Eastern NE. Frontier

LanjigarhRd-Junagarh((35,57),Khurda Rd-Balangir(32,580),Haridaspur-Paradeep (80,401), TalcherBimlagarh(10,847), Naupada-Gunupur (10,14.7)


Chandigarh-Ludhiana(30,203),Rewari-Rohtak(55,23),Abohar-Fazilka(25,126), Nangal dam Talwara (30,109), Tarantaran-Goindwal (10,10), Jind-Sonepat( 20,96), Deoband-Roorkee(10,43), Delhi-Rewari (15,0) Guna-Bhind(50,66),Lalitpur-SatnaKhajuraho(60,649), Etawah-Manipur(20,36), Agra-Etawah(10,106) Hathua-Batni(24,140), Gonda-Gorakhpur(25,240), Gonda-Lucknow(10,58), Bhojpura-Tanakpur(25,120) Eklakhi-Balurghat( 10,52), Kumarghat-Atala(10,187), Harmuti-Inagar( 30,125), Bogibeel Br(75,742),JirbamImphal(25,682),New Moynaguri-Jogighopa(60,630), Azra-Barnihat(10,189), Dimapur-Kohima (10,839), LumdigSilchar(136,427), Katakhal-Bhairabi( 15,51), N JGuri-Sguri(25,69),Rangiya-M(50,842), Aluabari - Sguri(10,292) Dausa-Gangapur(14,282), Ajmer-Pushkar(19,23), Srigangnagar loop(50,109),Ajmer-Rewari(150,172) Tinduvanam-Tiruvanamalai(10,114),Tindivanam-Nagari(30,421), tanur-Guruvayur(10,118), Kanur-Salem(10,94), Angamali-Sabarimala (15,518), Mailaduturai-Karaikudi(50,344), Qillon-Vnagar(90,187),Thanjavur-Vpurum(10,12) Missing data Rupsa-Bangiriposi(40,11), Bankura-Damodar Valley(40,41), Ranch-Lohardaga(25,17) Dallirajahara-Jagdalpur(25,425), Chhindwara-Nagpur(80,490) Kottur-Harihar(30,17.5), Kadur-Sakleshpur(10,198), Hassan-Bangalore(55,116), Hubli-Ankolka( 10,912), RayadurgTumkur(15,842), Bangalore-Hubli(40,60), Kolar-Chickballapur( 70,9) C.Udepur-Dhar ( 14,556), Dahod-Indore( 20,658), Pratapnaar-C. Udepur(55,102), Rajpipla-Ankleshwar (15,185)

N. Western Southern S. Central S. Eastern SE Central S. Western Western

W. Central

Ramganj Mandi-Bhopal (30,598),

RVNL Projects: http://www.rvnl.org/project/projects-in-progress.php


1 NEW DELHI - TILAK BRIDGE 5TH & 6TH LINE 2 ATTIPATTU - KORUKKUPET 3RD LINE DOUBLING 3 PATTABIRAM - TRIUVALLUR 4TH LINE & 4 GOOTY - RENIGUNTA PATCH DOUBLING 5 RENIGUNTA - GUNTAKAL ELECT 6 TOMKA -BANASPANI - RE *** 7 TALCHAR-CUTTACK-PARADEEP DOUBLING WITH *** 8 BILASPUR - URKURA 3RD LINE DOUBLING 9 PUNE - GUNTAKAL RLY ELECT. 10 PAKNI - MOHOL DOUBLING 11 RAICHUR - GUNTAKAL DOUBLING 12 PALWAL - BHUTESWAR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 13 ALIGARH - GHAZIABAD 3RD LINE DOUBLING 14 SAMBALPUR - TITLAGARH - DOUBLING *** 15 JN CABIN - PALWAL 4TH LINE DOUBLING

RVNL Projects (cont): http://www.rvnl.org/project/projects-in-progress.php


16 PANSKURA - KHARAGPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 17 RAJATGARH - BARANG DOUBLING *** 18 RAIPUR - TITLAGARH - DOUBLING *** 19 CUTTACK - BARANG DOUBLING *** 20 KHURDA ROAD - BARANG 3RD LINE DOUBLING ***

21 BHOPAL - BINA 3RD LINE DOUBLING


22 TIKIAPARA - SANTRAGACHI DOUBLING 23 DAUND - GULBARGA DOUBLING 24 HOSPET - GUNTAKAL DOUBLING 25 BHARUCH - SAMNI - DAHEJ GAUGE CONVERSION 26 AJMER - PHULERA - RINGUS - REWARI GAUGE 27 THANJAVUR - VILLUPURAM GAUGE CONVERSION 28 BHILDI - SAMDARI GAUGE CONVERSION

RVNL Projects (cont): http://www.rvnl.org/project/projects-in-progress.php


29 PANSKURA - HALDIA PH II DOUBLING 30 HARIDASPUR - PARADEEP NEW LINE *** 31 SURAT - HAJIRA NEW LINE 32 VALLAPARPADM - IDAPALLY NEW LINE 33 OBULAVARIPALLE - KRISHNAPATTNAM NEW LINE

34 SALKA ROAD - ANNUPPUR DOUBLING


35 ANGUL - SUKINDA NEW LINE *** 36 JAKHPURA- HARIDASPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING *** 37 DALLI - RAJHARA - RAOGHAT 38 GOELKERA - MANOHARPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 39 PANSKURA - KHARAGPUR 3RD LINE DOUBLING 40 HOSPET - TINAIGHAT - DOUBLING 41 BANASPANI - JAKHPURA DOUBLING ***

New Lines
From http://eastcoastrailway.gov.in/common/department

division-info/construction/new-lines.htm Khurda - Bolangir (289 Km.) Langigarh Rd. - Junagarh (56 Km.) Haridaspur - Paradeep (82 Km.) Sukinda Road - Angul (98 Km.) Talcher - Bimalgarh (154 Km.)

New Lines under survey


From http://eastcoastrailway.gov.in/common/department-division

info/construction/new-lines-under-survey.htm Jeypore-Kottameta new BG rail link (128) Puri-Konark new BG rail link (30) Phulbani-Berhampur new BG line (175) Talcher/Hindol Road - Gopalpur/Berhampur new BG rail link (245) Talcher-Bimlagarh new BG rail link (130) Bargarh-Nawapara Road new BG link via Padampur (120) Jeypore-Nawarangpur new BG line (45)

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways

1. DB Diva- kalyan CR 70.0 2. DB panvel-jasai-jawaharlal nehru p.t. CR 53.2 3. DB Gurap-saktigarh(26km) ER 53.7 4. DB New delhi ? tilak bridge(2.65 km) NR 55.4 5. DB Tughlakabad(joint cabin)-palwal(33.5 km) NR 83.0 6. DB Attipattu - Korukkupettai - 3rd line (18 km) SR 69.16 7. DB Pattabiram - Tiruvallur - 4th line (15.06 km) & Tiruvallur - Arakkonam -3rd line (26.83 km) SR 1.00* 8. DB Gooty ? Renigunta (151km) SCR 33.64 9. DB Hospet ? Guntakal (115km) SCR 82.21 10. DB Tikiapara ? Santragachi (5.6km) SER 49.79 11. DB Talcher - Cuttack - Paradeep - 2nd bridges on Birupa & Mahanadi rivers (3 km) Eco.R 10.00 12. DB Cuttack - Barang (12 km) Eco.R 178.98 13. DB Khurda - Barang - 3rd line (35 km) Eco.R 207.00 14. DB Rajatgarh - Barang (20 km) Eco.R 2.87 15. DB Bilaspur - Urkura (110 km) SECR 105.13

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
16. GC miraj-latur(359 km) CR 515.6 17. GC Naupada - Gunupur (90 km) Eco.R 91.30 18. GC Mansi - Saharsa, incl. Saharsa - Dauram Madhepura - Purnea (143km) ECR 310.00 19. GC Sakri - Laukaha Bazar - Nirmali & Saharsa - Forbesganj (206.06 km) ECR 355.81 20. GC gonda-baharaich(60 km) NER 73.4 21. GC gonda-gorakhpur loop with anandnagar-nautawa NER 381.2 22. GC Aluabari Road ? Siliguri (76km) NFR 170.0 23. GC Katakhal ? Bhairabi(84km) NFR 88.7 24. GC Lumding ? Silchar (198km) NFR 1670.3 25. GC lumding-dibrugarh(628 km) NFR 698.81 26. GC New Jalpaiguri ? Siliguri-New Bongaingaon-Linked branch line NFR 142.83 27. GC Rangiya ? Murkongselek (510.33km) NFR 915.70 28. GC delhi-rewari(83 km) NR 143.9 29. GC Agra Fort - Bandikui (151 km) NWR 204.83 30. GC Ajmer - Phulera - Ringus - Rewari (294.97 km) NWR 469.10

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
31. GC Luni - Barmer - Munabao (298.95 km) NWR 101.60 32. GC Phulera - Jodhpur - Pipar Road - Bilara (41.14 km) NWR 33.44 33. GC Sriganganagar - Sarupsar Canal Loop (Phase-I) (116 km) NWR 170.59 34. GC Dharmavaram ? Pakala (227km) SCR 294.99 35. GC Secunderabad ?Mudkhed & Janakampet ? Bodhan (269km) SCR 343.00 2006-07 36. GC Chhindwara - Nagpur (149.522 km) SECR 383.79 37. GC Bankura ? Damodar Vally (96km), Bowai ? Candi ? Khana(22km), Rainagar ? Chinchai (20.9km) & Bankura ? Mukut Manipur (57km) SER 282.25 38. GC Ranchi ? Lohardaga (113km) SER 95.02 39. GC Rupsa ? Bangriposi (90km) SER 126.92 40. GC Cuddalore - Salem via Vriddhachalam (191 km) SR 267.85 41. GC Quilon ? Tirunelveli ?Tiruchendur & Tenkasi - Virudhunagar (357km) SR 653.72 42. GC Thanjavur - Villupuram (192 km) SR 67.70 2006-07 43. GC Arsikere - Hassan - Mangalore (236 km) SWR 137.77 2006-07 44. GC Bangalore - Hubli & Shimoga Town - Talguppa (630 km) SWR 133.56 45. GC Kolar - Chickballapur (96.5 km) SWR 99.42

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
46. GC Bharuch ? Samni ? Dahej (62.36km) WR 165.66 47. GC Gandhidham ? Palanpur(313km) WR 100.00 48. GC Phulera ? Marwar ? Ahmedabad (654.5km) WR 16.06 49. GC Pratapnagar ? Chhota Udepur (99.27km) WR 227.52 50. GC Rajpipla ? Ankleshwar (62.89km) WR 115.00 51. NL ahmednagar-beed- vajinath(250 km) CR 462.7 52. NL amravati- narkher 138 km CR 284.3 53. NL baramati-lonand(54 km) CR 138.5 54. NL panvel-karjat-new broad guage electrified line phase-i(28.05 km) CR 137.4 55. NL puntamba-shirdi( 16.4 km) CR 79.8 56. NL Haridaspur - Paradeep (82 km) Eco.R 21.90 57. NL Khurda Road - Bolangir (289 km) Eco.R 700.00 58. NL Koraput - Rayagada (164 km) Eco.R 526.50 59. NL Lanjigarh Road - Junagarh (56 km) Eco.R 142.00 60. NL Talcher - Bimlagarh (154 km) Eco.R 790.08

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
61. NL Talcher - Sambalpur (174 km) Eco.R 478.51 62. NL Ara - Sasaram (98 km) ECR 189,14 2006-07 63. NL Chhapra - Muzaffarpur (84.65 km) ECR 378.56 64. NL Darbhanga - Kusheshwar Asthan (70.14 km) ECR 205.00 65. NL Giridih - Koderma (102.5 km) ECR 119.61 66. NL Hajipur - Sagauli via Vaishali (148.3 km) ECR 324.66 67. NL Khagaria - Kusheshwarsthan (44 km) ECR 162.87 68. NL Koderma - Ranchi ECR 344.28 69. NL Koderma - Tilaiya (68 km) ECR 413.17 70. NL Kosi Bridge ECR 341.41 71. NL Motihari - Sitamarhi (76.7 km) ECR 211.00 72. NL Munger - Rail cum road bridge on river Ganga (14 km) ECR 981.00 73. NL Muzaffarpur - Sitamarhi (63 km) ECR 232.15 2006-07 74. NL Patna - Ganga bridge with linking lines between Patna & Hajipur (19km) ECR 769.42 75. NL Rajgir - Hisua - Tilaya (46 km) & Natesar - Islampur (21 km) ECR 245.17

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
76. NL Sakri - Hasanpur (79 km) ECR 89.70 77. NL deoghar-dumka(67.25 km) ER 180.7 78. NL Deoghar-Sultanganj(147 km) ER 312.0 2006-07 79. NL lakshmikantpur-namkhana(47.5 km) ER 101.2 80. NL rampurhat-mandarhillvia dumka(130km) ER 254.1 81. NL Agra - Etawah via Fatehabad & Bah (110 km) NCR 214.90 82. NL Etawah - Mainpuri (57.5 km) NCR 129.70 83. NL Guna - Etawah via Shivpur - Gwalior - Bhind (348.25 km) NCR 515.24 84. NL Lalitpur - Satna, Rewa - Singrauli & Mahoba - Khajuraho (541 km) NCR 925.00 85. NL chhitauni-tumkuhi road road NER 235.0 86. NL hathua-bhatani NER 230.0 87. NL kichha-khatima(57.7 km) NER 165.7 88. NL maharajganj-masrakh(35.49 km) NER 113.75 89. NL rampur-lalkuan-kathgodam NER 16.1 90. NL araria-galgalia(100 km) NFR 300.0 91. NL azra-byrnihut(30 km) NFR 200.0

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
92. NL bogibeel bridge with linking lines between dibrugarh and&north bank line(46 km) NFR 1767.4 93. NL dimapur-kohima(88 km) NFR 850.0 94. NL dudhnoi-depa(15.5 km) NFR 22.3 95. NL eklakhi-balurghat NFR 282.7 96. NL harmuti-itanagar(33 km) NFR 156.0

97. NL jiribam-imphal(97.9 km) NFR 727.6


98. NL kumarghat-agartala(109 km) NFR 880.0 2006-07 99. NL new moynagiri-jogighopa(245 km) NFR 894.4 100. NL abohar-fazilka(42.7 km) NR 86.4 101. NL beas-dera baba jai mal singh-rail bus siding(29.2) NR 4.1 102. NL chandigarh-ludhiana(112 km) NR 577..0 2006-07 103. NL jammu tawi-udhamampur(53.6 km) NR 520.0 104. NL jind-sonepat(88.9 km) NR 190.8 105. NL kalka-parwanoo(4 km) NR 27.2 106. NL nangal dam-talwara(83.74 km) NR 300.0

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
107. NL rewari-rohtak(81.3 km) NR 186.4 108. NL tarantaran-goindwal(21.5 km) NR 37.5 109. NL udhampur-srinagar-baramulla(290 km) NR 11270.0 110. NL Ajmer - Pushkar (31.40 km) NWR 88.40 111. NL Dausa - Gangapur City (92.67 km NWR 208.83 112. NL Kolayat - Phalodi (111.394 km) NWR 186.00 2006-07 113. NL Gadwal ? Raichur (60km) SCR 108.91 114. NL Gulbarga ? Bidar (140km) SCR 369.70 115. NL Jaggayyapet ? Mallacheruvu (19.1km) SCR 52.21 116. NL Kakinada ? Kotapalli(45km) SCR 101.45 117. NL Kakinada ? Pithapuram (21.5km) SCR 66.14 118. NL Kotipalli ? Narsapur (57.21 km) SCR 695.00 119. NL Manoharabad ? Kotapalli (148.9) SCR 37856 120. NL Munirla ? Nalgonda (92km) SCR 243.17 121. NL Nandyal ? Yerraguntia (126km.) SCR 173.32 122. NL Obulavaripalle ? Krishnapattnam (113km) SCR 426.34 123. NL Peddapalli ? Karimnagar ? Nizamabad (177.49km) SCR 517.63

List of New line ,Gauge conversion & Doubling in progress on Indian Railways
124. NL Vishnupuram ? Janapahar (11km) SCR 42.08 125. NL Bishrampur - Ambikapur (19.88 km) SECR 83.96 2006-07 126. NL Dallirajahara - Jagdalpur (235 km) SECR 376.00 127. NL Howrah ? Amta (73.5km) SER 153.30 128. NL Tamluk ? Digha (87km) SER 308.56 129. NL Angamali ? Sabarimala(116km) SR 550.00 130. NL Karur ? Selem(85km) SR 229.88 131. NL Tanur (Kuttipuram) ? Guruvayur (36) SR 137.17 132. NL Tindivanam ? Gingee-Tiruvannamalai(70km) SR 125.00 133. NL Tindivanam ? Nagari(179.2km) SR 456.00 134. NL Bangalore - Satyamangalam (260 km SWR 901.62 135. NL Hassan - Bangalore via Shravanabelgola (166 km) SWR 412.91 2006-07 136. NL Hubli - Ankola (167 km) SWR 997.58 137. NL Kadur - Chickmagalur - Sakleshpur (93 km) SWR 274.29 138. NL Kottur - Harihar via Harpanhalli (65 km) SWR 124.13 139. NL Dahod ? Indore via Sardarpur, Dhar & Dewas ? Maksi (236km) WR 734.74 140. NL Gandhinagar- Kalol (20km) WR 49.95 2007-8

Railway boards Q to the state


If Maharashtra can pay 50% and Jharkhand can pay

70% why not Orissa? In Roads there are national highways and state highways; why can not that happen with respect to Railways? Why can not the MPs chip in from their MPLAD fund? Why not use NREGS? Why can not the state give free land? In which ways IR has been unfair to the state?