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Types of Sentences
Types of
Sentences
 Clause are the building blocks of sentences.  A clause is a group of words
  • Clause are the building blocks of sentences.

  • A clause is a group of words that contains

(at least) a subject and a verb.

These are clauses:

These are not clauses:

Ecology is a science To protect the

because pollution

causes cancer

environment after

working all day

 Independent, contains a subject and a verb and
Independent, contains a subject and a verb and

expresses a complete thought. It can stand alone

as a sentence by itself.

Subject + verbs (+ complement)

Example: Students normally spend four years in

college.

  • Dependent, doesn’t expresses a complete thought

and can not stand alone as a sentences by itself.

Subordinator + subject + verb (+ complement)

Example: …. Although students normally spend

four years in college…

There are four kinds of sentences
There are four kinds of
sentences
Simple Compound Complex Compound complex
Simple
Compound
Complex
Compound complex
 Subordinators (subordinating conjunctions)  Coordinators (coordinating conjunctions)  Conjunctive Adverbs
  • Subordinators (subordinating conjunctions)

  • Coordinators (coordinating conjunctions)

  • Conjunctive Adverbs

Suborinators (Subordinating Conjunctions) After When Which Although Though Whenever While As Before Even though How If
Suborinators (Subordinating Conjunctions)
After
When
Which
Although
Though
Whenever
While
As
Before
Even though
How
If
Since
That
Unless
Where
Who
As if
Until
Wherever
Whom
As soon as
What
Whether
Whose
Because
So that
Coordinators (Coordinating Conjunctions)
You can remember the seven coordinators by the phrase FAN BOYS
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So
Conjuctive Adverbs
Accordingly
Furthermore
Besides
Hence
In Contrast Meanwhile
Indeed Moreover
Consequently
However
Instead
Nevertheless
On the other hand
Otherwise
Therefore
For example
In Addition
Likewise
Nonetheless
Thus
Simple sentences A simple sentences is one independent clause Example: I enjoy playing tennis with my
Simple sentences
A simple sentences is one independent
clause
Example:
I enjoy playing tennis with my friends
every weekend.
Try to make your own simple sentences!
Try to make your own
simple sentences!
Compound Sentences
Compound Sentences
Definition A Compound Sentence is a sentence that joins two independent clauses together with a coordinator,
Definition
A Compound Sentence is a sentence
that joins two independent clauses
together with a coordinator,
conjunctive adverb or semicolon.
Formula Compound Sentence = Independent Clause + Independent Clause
Formula
Compound Sentence =
Independent Clause + Independent
Clause
Combining Clauses There are three ways to combine independent causes to make a compound sentence: 
Combining Clauses
There are three ways to combine
independent causes to make a
compound sentence:
Coordinators
Conjunctive adverbs
Semicolon
Coordinators  A coordinating conjunction is also known as a F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.
Coordinators
A coordinating conjunction is also
known as a F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.
For  Conects solution with problems Ex: Let’s go to the swimming pool, for it’s hot
For  Conects solution with problems
Ex: Let’s go to the swimming pool, for it’s
hot inside the house
And  Connects two ideas that go
together
Ex : I want to go to the circus, and I want
to ride a pony.
Nor  Negative form of or
Ex : I have never visited Asia, nor have I
ever visited Africa.
But  Connect two ideas that go against each other Ex : I need to go
But  Connect two ideas that go
against each other
Ex : I need to go to the store, but I’m
feeling too sick to drive.
Or  to connects two choices
Ex : You can make a big poster, or
you can make a brochure
Yet  Connects two ideas that go against each other Ex : I don’t want to
Yet  Connects two ideas that go against
each other
Ex : I don’t want to practice playing the
violin, yet I don’t want to disobey my
mother
So  Connects a problem with result
Ex : I didn’t do my homework, so my
parents punished me.
Exercise 1
Exercise 1
 The yard is full of leaves  after school, we will clean them together
The yard is full of leaves
after school, we will clean
them together
Exercise 2 My mom takes me to the mall for clothes.  My dad buys school
Exercise 2
My mom takes me to the mall
for clothes.
My dad buys school supplies
for me.

Conjuctive Adverbs

Coordinators

Conjuctive Adverbs

And

besides

furthermore

moreover

also

But

however

Yet

nevertheless

nonetheless

Or

Otherwise

So

accordingly

consequently

hence

therefore

thus

Example Sick person need to take their medicine otherwise they won’t get better Students want to
Example
Sick person need to take their
medicine otherwise they won’t get
better
Students want to get a good score
therefore they study hard
Exercise 1 Ecologists know that burning fossil fuels causes holes in the ozone layer.  People
Exercise 1
Ecologists know that burning
fossil fuels causes holes in the
ozone layer.
People continue to do it.
Semicolon  You can also use a semicolon to create a compound sentence since the two
Semicolon
You can also use a semicolon to
create a compound sentence since the
two statements are equal.
Ex) The teacher applauded the
class; the kids beamed with pride.
Ex) The dog ate; the cat slept.
Complex Sentences Independent Dependent Clause Clause More Important idea
Complex Sentences
Independent
Dependent
Clause
Clause
More Important idea
 Adverb begins with an adverbial subordinator such as when, while, because, although, if, so that,
  • Adverb

begins with an adverbial subordinator such as

when, while, because, although, if, so that, etc.

Ex: 1. Although women in the United States could own property, they could not vote until 1920.

  • 2. women in the United States could not vote

until 1920 although they could own

property.

 Dependent Adjevtive(relative) begins with a relative pronoun such as who, whom, which, whose, or that
  • Dependent Adjevtive(relative) begins with a relative pronoun such as who,

whom, which, whose, or that

or with a relative adverb such as where or

when.

Ex:

1. Men who are not married are called bachelors.

2. Last year we vacationed on the Red Sea,

which features excellent scuba diving.

 Dependent noun function as a noun begins with a wh-question word, that, whether, or sometimes
  • Dependent noun

function as a noun

begins with a wh-question word, that, whether, or sometimes if.

Ex:

1. I don’t know where she is. 2. I can’t hear what he said.

1. Because the cost of education is rising, many students must work part-time. 2. Last year,

1. Because the cost of education is rising, many

students must work part-time.

  • 2. Last year, the government reported that drug use is increasing.

  • 3. Doctors are concerned about drug use by young people, who think that smoking marijuana is risk-free.

 Is a sentence with at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
  • Is a sentence with at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses

- Although I like to go camping, I haven’t had the time to go lately, and I haven’t found anyone to go with

- We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.

Notes :

Independent clause

Dependent clause

Comparison

Simple Sentence [ Subject + predicate] Twenty Freeport citizens protested the ban against smoking. Compound Sentence
Simple Sentence
[ Subject + predicate]
Twenty Freeport citizens protested the ban against smoking.
Compound Sentence
[ Independent clauses joined by a comma + coordinate
conjunction]
Twenty Freeport citizens protested the smoking ban, but the
newspaper failed to cover the story.
Complex Sentence
[Independent clause + dependent clause]
Although 20 Freeport citizens protested the smoking ban, the
newspaper failed to cover the story.
Exercise : Which type of sentence is it?
Exercise :
Which type of sentence is it?
  • 1. The training rooms fo these college atheltes smell of grease and gasoline.

  • 2. Most of the students are engineering majors, and the devote every minute of their spare time to their sport.

  • 3. Their tools are screwdrivers and spanners rather than basketballs and footballs.

  • 4. The cars are called Legends cars, models of Fords and Chevys from 1932 to 1934, and they are refitted by the students with 1200 cc motorcycle engines.

  • 5. Although the sport is new, it has already attracted

six collegiate teams in the Southeast.

Thank you
Thank you