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Foundation Fieldbus End User Council North America Meeting

San Ramon, California June 5, 2003

Flexible Cable and Quick-Disconnect Wiring Solutions for Fieldbus Installations in Hazardous Locations
Presented by Brad Larson Turck Inc. Plymouth, MN

Quick Disconnect Wiring


DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

CAUT ION
DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE SERVICING

The 1998 and 2002 NEC Code cycles included significant additions to available types and permitted uses of Tray Cable.

These additions, coupled with innovative new quick-disconnect products, enable revolutionary wiring methods for hazardous locations.
DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

CAUT ION

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DIS CON BEFOR DISCON BEFOR

ITC Cable (Instrument Tray Cable)


ITC Cable is a Division 2 Wiring Method
HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

NEC 501.4(B)(5), Wiring Methods; Class I, Division 2: Type ITC cable in cable trays, in raceways, supported by messenger wire, afforded mechanical protection and run as open wiring, or directly buried where the cable is listed for this use.
...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

Application Photos
Mechanical Protection

Cable Tray

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

ITC Outside of Tray Systems


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

NEC 727.4 (4): ITC cable with continuous corrugated metal sheath or interlocking tape armor may be run as open wiring, supported every 6 ft.

Article 727 Validates the Use of ITC Outside of Tray Systems

NEC 727.4 (5): ITC cable W/O metallic sheath or armor may be run as open wiring for 50 ft between cable tray and equipment, protected against damage.

* protected against physical damage using mechanical protection, such as struts, angles, or channels.

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

Application Photos: ITC Cable

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

Junction Boxes and Guards


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2
NEC 727.4 (4): ITC cable with continuous corrugated metal sheath or interlocking tape armor may be run as open wiring, supported every 6 ft.

NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

Junction Boxes and Connector Guards Add Quick-Disconnect Versatility

POWER ICING

ION

DISCONNECTPOWER BEFORE SERVICING

CAUT ION

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DISCON BEFOR

POWER ICING POWER ICING

ION ION

POWER ICING

ION

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

CAU CAU

DISCON BEFOR

DIS CON BEFOR

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE SERVICING

POWER ICING POWER ICING

ION ION

CAUT ION
DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

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Junction Boxes and Guards


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

DISCONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

NEC 727.4 (5): ITC cable W/O metallic sheath or armor may be run as open wiring for 50 ft between cable tray and equipment, protected against damage*.
POWER ICING

ION

CAU CAU

DIS CON BEFOR

DIS CON BEFOR

POWER ICING POWER ICING

ION ION

POWER ICING

ION

DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

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DIS CON BEFOR

DISCON BEFOR

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

POWER ICING POWER ICING

ION ION

CAUT ION
DISCONNECTPOWER BEFORE SERVICING

CAUT ION

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE SERVICING

CAUT ION

DIS CONNECT POWER BEFORE S ERVICING

* protected against physical damage using mechanical protection, such as struts, angles, or channels.

CAUT ION

Connector Guards
Connector guards render a QD connection not normally arcing by: 1. Making disconnection impossible while in place by eliminating access to coupling nut 2. Warning the user to disconnect power before removing

CAUT ION
DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE SERVICING

3. Requiring a tool for removal

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

Application Photos: lokfast guards


Connector Guards in Division 2 Applications

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION

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Division 2 QD Basics
Connector guard
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device entry receptacle


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DISCONNECT POWER BEFORE SERVICING

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quick disconnect cordset

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS CON BEFOR DIS CON BEFOR DIS CON BEFOR

nonincendive field device

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Nonincendive Field Wiring


Nonincendive equipment. Equipment that contains no
arcing or sparking components and does not generate heat capable of igniting the hazardous atmosphere when supplied with its rated power. NEC Article 500-4(f)(2)

Nonincendive Field Wiring. Wiring that enters or leaves an


equipment enclosure and, under normal operating conditions of the equipment, is not capable, due to arcing or thermal effects, of igniting the flammable gasair, vaporair, or dustair mixture. Normal operation includes opening, shorting, or grounding the field wiring. NEC 501-4(b)(3) Wiring Methods

Nonincendive Field Wiring. Nonincendive field wiring shall be


permitted using any of the wiring methods permitted for unclassified locations.
...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

12

Nonincendive Field Wiring


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

Connection Diagram

Bus Out

Bus In

Spur 1
CAU
DIS CON B E FOR P OW E R ICING

Relatively high powered trunk line requires Spur 2 connector guards Nonincendive Field Spur 4 Wiring circuits may be wired using methods forSpur 6 unclassified locations thus they do not require a guard
tpws_z6

ION

Spur 3 Spur 5 Junction box with

limiting circuits that provides nonincendive field circuit drops

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

13

Cable Seals, Division 2


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

Molded construction, designed correctly, can provide appropriate cable sealing for Division 2 per NEC 501-5(E)(2)

Boundary seal not required if cable sheath is unbroken from molded end

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

14

Division 2 Summary W / ITC Cable


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2
CAU CAU
DIS CON BEFOR DIS CON BEFOR POWER ICING POWER ICING

NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION
ION

DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

DIS CONNECTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

DISCONNEC TPOWER BEF ORE SERVICING

CAUT ION
POWER ICING POWER ICING POWER ICING POWER ICING

DIS CONNE CTPOWER BEFORE S ERVICING

CAUT ION ION ION ION ION

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ION

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Junction box with parallel wiring.

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Molded connector end meets gas-block construction requirements Use of connector guard allows the use of QD technology in Division 2 Armored construction of MC/ITC cable allows its installation as open wiring per NEC 727.4(4) ITC rating of cable allows its installation as open wiring for 15m (50 ft) between cable tray and equipment per NEC 727.4(5). Construction of sensor with potted-in cable meets gas-block requirements.
DISCONNECT POWER BEF ORE SER VICING

DISCONNECT P OWE R BEFORE SERVICING

CAUT ION

CAUT ION

CAU

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DISCON BE FOR

POWER ICING

POWER ICING

ION

ION ION ION ION

POWER ICING POWER ICING

POWER ICING

FM Approved nonincendive equipment. Turck proximity sensor with integral ITC cable, FM Approved for Class I, Division 2. Turck proximity sensor with quick disconnect, FM Approved for Class I,Div 2 with use of connector guard. Connector guard

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QD Wiring Solutions in Division 1


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1 or 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

FM Approved intrinsic safety barrier

MK13-222Ex0-R 24VDC MK13-222Ex0-R MK13-222Ex0-R 24VDC 24VDC MK13-222Ex0-R 24VDC

NO 1 off off NO 2 off off NC NO WB 1 off off SC NC NO WB 2 off SC off NC NO WB 1 off off SC NC NO WB 2 off SC off NC NO WB 1 off off SC NC NO WB 2 off SC off NC WB SC NC WB SC

10 7

1 Pwr 2 1 Pwr 2 1 Pwr 2 1 Pwr 2

11 12 8 9 10 7 11 12 8 9 10 7 11 8 12 9 10 7 11 12 8 9

MK33-221Ex0-HLi

24VDC

Pwr

10

11

12

NAMUR junction box.

Splitter

FM Approved intrinsically safe apparatus

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

16

QD Wiring Solutions in Division 1


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1 or 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

MK33-221Ex0-HLi

10 7

FM Approved intrinsic safety barrier

24VDC

11 8

Pwr

12 9

MK33-221Ex0-HLi

24VDC

Pwr

10

11

12

Parallel-wired Junction box

FM Approved intrinsically safe apparatus

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

17

FISCO Simplifies I/S for Fieldbus


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1
FISCO Certified Terminator

NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION
FISCO Certified Terminator

FISCO Certified Field Devices

1. Up to 32 Field Devices 2. Field device, power supply, and terminators certified for matching category 3. Two Terminators, one at each end of the trunk 4. Cables with specified Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance

FISCO Certified Power Supply

5. Trunk Length <1km for IIC, <5km for IIB 6. Spur Length <30m 7. Power supply withing 30m of the end of the trunk
...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

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Explosionproof Installations
HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1 or 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

<18

<10

<18

<18

<18

<10

>10

>18

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

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QD for Explosionproof Devices in Division 2


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2
CAU
DIS CON BEFOR

NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

Explosionproof Field Device EXP Protection is suitable for Division 1 or Division 2 1. Install explosionproof receptacle 2. Connect with cordset and guards 3. Install cable per ITC rules

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

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QD for Explosionproof Devices in Division 2


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2 NONHAZARDOUS LOCATION

Explosionproof Field Device EXP Protection is suitable for Division 1 or Division 2 1. Install explosionproof QD Y-fitting 2. Connect with cordsets and guards 3. Install cables per ITC rules

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

DIS BE CO FO N RE NEC SE T RV PO IC W IN ER G

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ER W G TPO CIN EC RVI NN SE O C RE DIS BEFO

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Offshore per API RP14F: Division 2


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2

API RP 14F
6.4.2 Power, Lighting, Instrumentation, and Control Systems 6.4.2.3 The wiring methods recommended for us in Division 2 locations are:
6.4.2.3.3: Nonarmored marine shipboard cable, with an overall impervious sheath.

6.4.7 Special Considerations for Cables in Classified Locations


6.4.7.1 . . . nonarmored cables should be installed within a continuous cable support system or cable tray to provide protection against mechanical damage.
...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

22

Offshore per API RP14F: Division 1


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1

API RP 14F
6.4.2 Power, Lighting, Instrumentation, and Control Systems
6.4.2.1: The wiring methods recommended for Division 1 locations are: d. Armored marine shipboard cable, with an overall impervious sheath over the armor. . .

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

23

Offshore per API RP14F: Division 1


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 1

API RP 14F
4.3.3.4.2 . . . Intrinsically safe apparatus and wiring may be installed using any of the wiring methods suitable for unclassified locations.

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

24

Offshore per API RP14F: Division 2


HAZARDOUS LOCATION Class I, Division 2
CAU
DIS CON BEFOR

API RP 14F doesnt specifically address the use of connectors in Division 2.


Rationale: 1. Use armored shipboard cable to enable use out of tray per 6.4.2.1 (d.) 2. Use a connector guard to render the connection nonarcing and take advantage of the exclusion in 6.4.7.3: In Division 2 locations, . . . nonarcing devices . . . need not be explosionproof . . .

...dedicated to a single international fieldbus. FIELDBUS FOUNDATION END USER COUNCIL Meeting San Ramon, California June 5, 2003
2003 Fieldbus Foundation

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