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"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Section 3

Logical Channels

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-1

Objectives

Radio Interface messages and logical channels


"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

- Define a logical channel versus a physical channel - Show how logical channels are mapped in time - List the allowed logical channels combination - Identify the information carried by each logical channel

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3-2

From Physical Channel to Logical Channels


TDMA Frame = 4.615 ms Time Slot Logical Channels multiplexing LOGICAL CHANNELS TCH FCCH SCH FACCH SACCH SDCCH CBCH AGCH PCH BCCH RACH

0 12 345 67 01 234 56 701 23 45 67


"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

lll

lll

lll

lll

TS = 577 ms

MESSAGE TYPE

Physical Channel

different message types = different logical channels

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3-3

Frame Alignment and Timing Advance


TDMA Frame

TS1

TS1

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

DOWNLINK f0 + D f
TS1 TS1

t, propagation delay

Timing Advance = 2t

3TS - 2t

UPLINK f0

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3-4

Logical Channels
TS 01234567

BTS
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

MS
FCCH SCH BCCH RACH
SACCH SDCCH

TCH
FACCH

Frequency correction

Traffic (speech-data) Associated signaling Radio Measurement + SMS Dedicated signaling Broadcast info

Synchronization
Broadcast control Access request Subscriber paging Answer to Access request

PCH AGCH

CBCH FCCH

Broadcast info

CBCH
SDCCH SACCH

SCH BCCH RACH PCH

M.S. Pre-synchronization

Dedicated signaling
Sys InFo 5, 6 + SMS Traffic (speech data)

Access request
Subscriber paging Answer to Access request

TCH Associated signaling


FACCH

AGCH

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February,2000

Logical Channels

3-5

Broadcast Channels

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Beacon Frequency
Frequency reference GSM Time BSIC FCCH SCH

System information for Network: BCCH 1, 2, 2 bis, 2ter, 3, 4, 7, 8

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3-6

BCH

FCCH MESSAGES
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

SCH MESSAGES
l Frame Number (Reduced Frame Number) l Base Station Identity Code (BSIC)

l no message is sent (all bits 0)

BCCH MESSAGES
l System Information type 1, 2, 2bis,

2ter, 3, 4, 7, 8

(idle mode)

= downlink message = uplink message


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Common Control Channels

Beacon FREQUENCY
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Immediate Assignment AGCH (Channel Description) Subscriber Paging PCH (IMSI, TMSI)

Access Request RACH Channel Request

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3-8

CCCH

PCH MESSAGES
l Mobile identity for a call,
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

AGCH MESSAGES
l Dedicated channel description:

a short message or an authentication

frequency number (ARFCN) time slot number frequency hopping description Timing Advance (1st estimation) Random Reference

l MS identification

RACH MESSAGES
lRandom Reference l Service request:

CBCH MESSAGES
l Short Messages l Specific information as:

emergency call answer to an incoming call outgoing call short message call re-establishment inscription

weather road information

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February,2000

Logical Channels

3-9

Dedicated Control Channels

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Dedicated Signaling Location Update, Authentication Call Establishment, SMS-PP


Radio Measurement

SDCCH

Timing Advance
SMS-PP SYS INFO 5, 5 bis, 5 ter, 6

SACCH

Traffic

Speech Data Control

TCH

FACCH (Pre-emption)

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Logical Channels

3-10

SDCCH and SACCH


SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header: Timing Advance
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

SDCCH MESSAGES
l Order of commutation from SDCCH

Power Control

l System Information 5, 5bis, 5ter and 6

to TCH (DL)
l Short Messages Point to Point l Location Updates l Authentication l Ciphering Initiation l Supplementary Services

(connected mode)

SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header Timing Advance Power Control
l Measurement report:

DL received level of the communication DL received quality of the communication level monitored on the beacon frequencies
of the 6 best received neighboring cells, and associated BSIC (decoded on SCH)
PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels 3-11

TCH / FACCH and SACCH


TCH MESSAGES
l Full rate speech at 13 kbit/s l Half rate speech at 5.6 kbit/s l Full rate data at 0.3 - 14.4 kbit/s
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header: Timing Advance Power Control l System Information 5, 5bis, 5ter and 6

l Half rate data at 4.8 or 2.4 kbit/s l Handover Access message (uplink)

(connected mode)

FACCH MESSAGES
l Connection establishment from

SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header Timing Advance Power Control
l Measurement report:

SDCCH to TCH
l Validation of a SDCCH-TCH

switching
l Handover command l Physical Info message (TA) l Validation of a handover

power level of the communication quality level of the communication level on the beacon frequency
of the 6 best received neighboring cells + associated BSIC

(handover complete message)

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-12

Signaling Protocol: LAPDm


23 bytes = 184 bits

23 bytes Information bytes

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

20 bytes

Address field Control field Length indicator 1 byte field: 1 byte 1 byte

Filling byte(s)

18 bytes

uplink: Measurement Reports downlink: System Information

Layer 1 Header: Timing Advance (1 byte) + Power Control (1 byte)


PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels 3-13

Burst
4.615 ms = 1250 bits 0
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

3 1 frame 4

Tail bits + Information bits + Training sequence + Guard period


577 ms = 156.25 bits

NORMAL BURST DUMMY BURST ACCESS BURST FREQUENCY CORRECTION BURST SYNCHRONIZATION BURST
February,2000 Logical Channels 3-14

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

Burst Formats (1/2)


NORMAL BURST
Tail Data 1 Training Sequence 26 bits 1 Data 57 encrypted bits Tail Guard Period

3 bits 57 encrypted bits


"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

3 bits 8.25 bits

156.25 bits (0.577 ms)

DUMMY BURST
Tail Dummy Sequence 3 bits 57 mixed bits Training Sequence 28 midamble bits Dummy Sequence Tail 57 mixed bits

Guard Period

3 bits 8.25 bits

156.25 bits (0.577 ms)

Tail 8 bits

Training Sequence 41 synch bits

ACCESS BURST
Data Tail Guard Period 68.25 bits 36 encrypted bits 3 bits

156.25 bits (0.577 ms)


PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels 3-15

Burst Formats (2/2)


FREQUENCY CORRECTION BURST (FCCH)
Tail
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Data 142 fixed bits (0)

Tail 3 bits

Guard Period
8.25 bits

3 bits

156.25 bits (0.577 ms)

SYNCHRONIZATION BURST (SCH)


Tail Data Extended Training Sequence 64 synchronization bits 156.25 bits (0.577 ms) Data 39 bits Tail 3 bits 39 encrypted bits

Guard Period

3 bits 8.25 bits

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Logical Channels

3-16

Training Sequence (Normal Burst)


156.25 bits (0.577 ms) 3 bits 57 encrypted bits 1 26 bits 1 57 encrypted bits 3 bits 8.25 bits

Tail
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

Data

Data

Tail

Guard period

5 repeated bits

16 bits

5 repeated bits

8 sequences of 16 bits
l

determine the position of the useful signal inside a burst (synchronization) evaluate transmission distortions (equalization) distinguish two cells using the same beacon frequency (BSIC)

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-17

Logical Channels Mapping

BCH
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

CCCH

DCCH
TCH/F + SACCH ou 2(TCH/H + SACCH) 8(SDCCH + SACCH)

1 2 3 4
FCCH + SCH + BCCH FCCH + SCH + BCCH PCH + AGCH + RACH PCH + AGCH + RACH

4(SDCCH + SACCH)

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-18

Traffic Channels Combination


Logical Channel Mapping (1/5) Full Rate - Downlink & Uplink
26 frames = 120 ms
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

T T T T T T T T T T T T A T T T T T T T T T T T T

time

Half Rate - Downlink & Uplink


26 frames = 120 ms

T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 A0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 T1 T0 A1

time

T : TCH
PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

Ti : TCH
sub-channel n i
February,2000

A : SACCH
Logical Channels

Ai : SACCH
sub-channel n i

: IDLE
3-19

Dedicated Signaling Channels Combination


Logical Channel Mapping (2/5)

Downlink
51 frames = 235 ms
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

D0

D1

D2

D3

D4

D5

D6

D7

A0

A1

A2

A3

D0

D1

D2

D3

D4

D5

D6

D7

A4

A5

A6

A7
time

Uplink
51 frames = 235 ms

A5
A1

A6
A2

A7
A3

D0
D0

D1
D1

D2
D2

D3
D3

D4
D4

D5
D5

D6
D6

D7
D7

A0
A4
time

A : SACCH
PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000

D : SDCCH
Logical Channels

: IDLE
3-20

Common Channels Combination


Logical Channel Mapping (3/5) Downlink
51 frames = 235 ms
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

FS

FS

FS

FS

FS

C
time

Uplink
51 frames = 235 ms RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR time

F : FCCH
PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

S : SCH
February,2000

B : BCCH

C : AGCH/PCH

R : RACH

: IDLE
3-21

Logical Channels

BCCH Combined
Logical Channel Mapping (4/5) Downlink
51 frames = 235 ms
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

FS FS

B B

C C

FS FS

C C

C C

FS FS

D0 D0

D1 D1

FS FS

D2 D2

D3 D3

FS FS

A0 A2

A1 A3
time

Uplink
51 frames = 235 ms

D3 D3

RR RR

A2 A0

A3 A1

RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR

D0 D0

D1 D1

RR RR

D2 D2
time

F : FCCH S : SCH B : BCCH C : AGCH/PCH R : RACH A : SACCH D : SDCCH


PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels

: IDLE
3-22

Possible Changes
Logical Channel Mapping (5/5) Common Channels - Downlink
Extended BCCH

The first AGCH/PCH message:

in a common channels

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

combination can be replaced by a BCCH message:

Bext

called BCCH Extended and used to broadcast System Information.


Extended CCCH

The FCCH and SCH messages:

FS

in a common channels

combination are replaced by dummy bursts if this multiframe is broadcast on TS 2, 4 or 6, in case of high traffic, microcellular or bi-band network.

Dedicated Signaling Channels - Downlink


SMS-CB

The SDCCH message:

D2

in a dedicated signaling channels

combination can be replaced by a CBCH message:

CBCH

used to carry the short message service cell broadcast (SMS-CB).

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-23

Why 26 and 51 Frames per Multiframe?


0 1 10 20 30 40 50 0 1

FS

FS

FS

FS

FS

FS

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 01 12

TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 12 25

25 0 1

Dowlink message

Uplink message

Neighboring BTS (downlink)


MEASUREMENT WINDOW
PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels 3-24

Logical Channel Types


CHANNEL
NAME Traffic CHannel Stand-alone Dedicated Control CHannel Slow Associated Control CHannel Fast Associated Control CHannel Frequency Correction CHannel Synchronization CHannel Broadcast Control CHannel Random Access CHannel Access Grant CHannel Paging CHannel Cell Broadcast CHannel DIRECTION INFORMATION TYPE SPEECH / DATA SIGNALING SYSTEM INFO / MEASURES URGENT INFORMATION FREQUENCY CORRECTION SYNCHRON. / IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM INFORMATION ACCESS REQUEST CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT PAGING REQUEST DATA

TCH
SDCCH
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

DCCH
SACCH FACCH FCCH SCH BCCH RACH AGCH PCH CBCH

BCH

CCCH

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Logical Channels

3-25

Logical Channel Description (1/2)


SDCCH MESSAGES
l Order of commutation from SDCCH

TCH MESSAGES
l Full rate speech at 13 kbit/s l Half rate speech at 5.6 kbit/s l Full rate data at 9.6, 4.8, or 2.4 kbit/s l Half rate data at 4.8 or 2.4 kbit/s l Handover Access message (uplink)

to TCH (DL)
l Short Messages lLocation Updates
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

lAuthentication lCiphering Initiation lSupplementary Services

FACCH MESSAGES
l Connection establishment from

SACCH MESSAGES
l System Information 5, 5bis, 5ter and 6

SDCCH to TCH
l End validation of a SDCCH-TCH l Measures:

(connected mode)

commutation
l Characteristics of the future used BS

after handover
l Connection establishment to BS

power level of the communication quality level of the communication level on the beacon frequency
of the neighboring cells
l Timing Advance l Power Control

after handover
l Validation of an handover
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Logical Channel Description (2/2)


FCCH MESSAGES
l no message is sent (all bits 0)

AGCH MESSAGES
l For dedicated channel assignment:

"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

SCH MESSAGES
l Frame Number l Base Station Identity Code (BSIC)

frequency number slot number frequency hopping description Timing Advance (1st estimation) MS identification

RACH MESSAGES BCCH MESSAGES


l System Information type 1, 2, 2bis, l Service request:

2ter, 3, 4, 7, 8 (idle mode)

emergency call answer to an incoming call outgoing call short message call re-establishment inscription

CBCH MESSAGES
l Specific information

PCH MESSAGES
l messages containing a mobile

For example: weather road information


PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000 Logical Channels

identity for a call, a short message or an authentication


3-27

Logical Channel Periods


CHANNEL TCH SDCCH
"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

NUMBER OF USED FRAMES PER MULTIFRAME 24 FRAMES OVER 26 - FULL RATE 12 FRAMES OVER 26 - HALF RATE 8 FRAMES OVER 2x51 1 FRAME OVER 26 - ASSOCIATED WITH TCH 4 FRAMES OVER 2x51 - ASSOCIATED WITH SDCCH FACCH IS DYNAMICALLY USED 5 FRAMES OVER 51 5 FRAMES OVER 51 4 FRAMES OVER 51 - NORM 8 FRAMES OVER 51 - NORM + EXT 51 OVER 51 - HIGH CAPACITY CELLS 27 OVER 51 - LOW CAPACITY CELLS 36 FRAMES OVER 51 - HIGH CAPACITY CELLS 12 FRAMES OVER 51 - LOW CAPACITY CELLS
(PCH AND AGCH ARE DYNAMICALLY DISTRIBUTED)

PROTECTED INFO PERIOD 50 INFO/S 25 INFO/S 4.25 INFO/S 2.08 INFO/S 2.12 INFO/S not defined (variable) 21.24 INFO/S 21.24 INFO/S 4.24 INFO/S 8.48 INFO/S 216.67 INFO/S 114.70 INFO/S 38.30 INFO/S 12.77 INFO/S 4.25 INFO/S (if used)

SACCH FACCH FCCH SCH BCCH RACH AGCH PCH CBCH

8 FRAMES OVER 2x51 (if used)

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February,2000

Logical Channels

3-28

Check Your Learning (1/2)

1- What is the difference between a physical and a logical channel?


"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

2- What are the 11 logical channels (acronyms)?

3- What kind of information do FCCH and SCH provide?

4- On which logical channels are SYSINFOs transmitted?

5- When and how is RACH used?

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Check Your Learning (2/2)

6- What does the paging consist in?


"Confidential information -- may not be copied or disclosed without permission".

7- What is the LAPDm protocol (main characteristics)?

8- Which are the different kinds of bursts?

9- What is the training sequence purpose?

10- Define a logical channels combination and give 2 examples

PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN

February,2000

Logical Channels

3-30