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Use of technologies in sports

HOTSPOT TECHNOLOGY
MADE BY: KAPIL UPADHYAY ROLL NO : 2K11/CO/050

INTRODUCTION
This is the most advanced newly added

technical tool used in cricket. It was also introduced by channel-9 network of Australia. In hotspot the idea is to have 2 infrared cameras static above the field of cricket arena and continuously record play. It shows the point where the ball hit the batsman.

USES OF HOT SPOT TECHNOLOGY

USE OF HOT SPOT


Its principal application in cricket is in deciding whether the ball has struck the batsman bat or

pad If the ball strikes the bat and the is caught by the fielder, batsman is considered to be out. The point of impact between the bat and ball (or pad ) is determined by the heat generated at the time of collision. This can also be used to determine the sweet spot of contact.

MECHANISM

MECHANISM
Hot Spot uses two infra-red cameras positioned at either end of the ground. These cameras sense and

measure heat from friction generated by a collision, such as ball on pad, ball on bat, ball on ground or ball on glove. Using a subtraction technique a series of black-and-white negative frames is generated into a computer, precisely localising the ball's point of contact.

HISTORY

HISTORY
Hot Spot uses technology developed in the military for tank and jet

fighter tracking. The technology was founded by French scientist Nicholas Bion, before being worked upon by many companies in Paris and being bought and adopted by the Australian Nine Network.
The technology was adapted for television by BBG Sports, the

Australian company responsible for the Snickometer, in conjunction with Sky Sports.
The technology was first used during the first Test match of the 2006-

07 Ashes at The Gabba, on 23 November 2006.


The ICC announced that Hot Spot images would be available for use as

part of its ongoing technology trial during the second and third Tests (March 2009) in South Africa. The system was be available to the third umpire in the event of a player referral.

HISTORY

cont

The ICC announced that Hot Spot images would be available for

use as part of its ongoing technology trial during the second and third Tests (March 2009) in South Africa. The system was be available to the third umpire in the event of a player referral. For the 2012 season BBG Sport introduced a new generation of HOT Spot using the very high performance SLX-Hawk thermal imaging cameras provided by UK based SELEX Galileo. These cameras provided sharper images with improved sensitivity and much less motion blur than earlier HOT Spot technologies. As a result, the latest HOT Spot system is able to detect much finer edge nicks than in previous seasons, essentially ending all earlier doubts about the capability of the technology. Following the success of this updated HOT Spot system, BBG Sport and SELEX Galileo signed an exclusivity agreement for the supply of SLX-Hawk cameras for HOT Spot in cricket and other sports.

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES/ DISADVANTAGES
Hot Spot has two main advantages over its competing technology, the Snickometer, which is a

sound-detection based system. Snickometer often produces inconclusive results indicating contact (potentially any combination of bat, pad and ball) only, whereas the Hot Spot clearly shows exactly what the ball strikes. Precise synchronisation of the Snickometer sound with associated pictures takes time, making it currently not suitable for use in the umpire decision review system.

ADVANTAGES/ DISAVANTAGES

CONT..

Hot Spot technology, even though claimed to be extremely

accurate, is not used in many matches. The main reason for this is its expense: $6000 per day for the use of two cameras and $10000 for the use of four cameras. Warren Brennan, the owner of BBG Sports, said the unwillingness of the International Cricket Council or national cricket boards to pay to use the expensive technology had restricted its use: "We won't be supplying Hot Spot to the World Cup next year, even for the semis or finals, if the cricket boards want a feed of that for adjudication purposes, they should contribute to the costs. The Ashes could be the last hurrah."

ADVANTAGES/ DISADVANTAGES

CONT..

In the India-England ODI Series in 2011, there

were controversial decisions based on the Hot Spot technology going against India's Rahul Dravid on more than one occasion where Hot Spot replays proved inconclusive and yet Dravid was given out. On one occasion, there seemed to be a nick which Hot Spot wasn't able to detect. These incidents threw the role of Hot Spot technology into doubt once again.

CONCLUSION
This ultramodern technologies are used to

improve the quality of the game ,but some how I think that these technologies are taking the game away from its tradition .In early 80s there was not even the facility of the third umpire, in 2002 there was the introduction of hawk-eye, in 2006 the hotspot and now you can even overturn an umpire decision with UDRS .Now I wonder a day will come when umpires will vanish from sports all because of the technology .For me it is 70-30 in favour of tradition over technology. But

At the end of the day cricket is a game and

only one is the winner

THANK YOU

MADE BY: KAPIL UPADHYAY ROLL NO: 2K11/CO/050 SEMESTER : 3RD COMPUTER ENGINEERING