Anda di halaman 1dari 26

COGNATOS

so palavras que tm a mesma origem ou que so relacionadas de alguma maneira a outras em um idioma diferente. Em geral podem ser deduzidas sem qualquer conhecimento prvio. Veja alguns exemplos todas as palavras esto em ingls:

Anniversary Organization Basic Possible Motivated problem capital university

original contrary authorization quality Academic Responsable Associated program

International Dictionary attention Sensibility Pacific invisible Indicated system

Existem cerca de 1600 cognatos entre Portugus e Ingls. A fim de simplificar o estudo, vamos organiz-los em 4 grupos:

SUBSTANTIVOS- Os nomes: Quenner, sobremesa, ramos ADJETIVOS -As qualidades: tmido, choro, inteligente, velho VERBOS- As aes: correr, digitar, traduzir, imprimir ADVRBIOS-Palavras que descrevem as aes: diariamente, urgentemente

1. Nouns Substantivos
English -al Animal Hospital moral Portugus -al Animal Hospital moral

English -ty Capacity Eternity flexibility

Portugus -dade capacidade eternidade flexibilidade

english -ism Atheism criticism feminism

Portugus -ismo, isma Ateismo Criticismo feminismo

english - ist

portugus -ista

Dentist
Humorist Tourist

Dentista
Humorista turista

English -nce, ance abstinence patience perseverance

portugus -ncia, ana Abstinncia Pacincia perseverana

english -or

Portugus -or

Actor
Color favor

Ator
Cor favor

2. Adjectives Adjetivos
english
-al Real Sensual virtual

Portugus
-al Real Sensual virtual

english -ant, ent

Portugus -ante, ente

excellent
important patient

Excelente
Importante paciente

english -ary

Portugus -rio, ria

Adversary
arbitrary contrary

Adversrio
Arbitrrio contrrio

english -ic

Portugus -ico, ica

Economic
Metalic pacific

Econmico
metlico pacfico

english -id

Portugus -ido, ida

Lucid
splendid vivid

lcido
Splendido vvido

english -ive

Portugus -ivo, iva

Adoptive
Descriptive imaginative

Adotivo
Descritivo imaginativo

english -ible, able

Portugus -vel, vel

Accessible
Admirable convertible

Acessvel
admirvel conversvel

english -ous

Portugus -oso, osa

delicious
famous generous

delicioso
famoso generoso

3. Verbs Verbos
english Portugus

-ate
celebrate Create donate

-ar
celebrar Criar doar

english -e

Portugus -ar

dance
Complete imagine

Danar
Completar imaginar

english -ent,ult, ort

Portugus -entar, ultar, ortar

comment
consult export

comentar
consultar exportar

english -fy

Portugus -ficar

amplify
qualify simplify

amplificar
qualificar simplificar

english -ent,ult, ort

Portugus -entar, ultar, ortar

comment
consult export

comentar
consultar exportar

4. Adverbs Advrbios
english -ly Portugus -mente

creatively
separately usually

criativamente
separadamente usualmente

A computer

is a programmable machine that stores and retrieves data and performs high-speed logical and mathematical operations. However, its not able to think. It accepts data and instructions as input, and after processing them, it outputs the results.

When

we talk about computers, we have to consider the hardware and the software. The hardware consists of all the electronical and mechanical parts that make up a computer system, and the software is the collection of data and programs needed to solve problems with a computer.