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PROPOSAL

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEAM GAMES TOURNAMENT (TGT) IN IMPROVING STUDENTS VOCABULARY BY USING VISUAL AIDS

Hasnah
GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAMME ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAM MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF PAREPARE 2013

Background of Problem
Improving vocabulary is not an easy way to do. Some ways has been being applied to achieve the vocabulary mastery better; however, it has not been changed the condition. Owning lack of glossaries to hold both speaking and understanding simple text by students of English Language Courses in Sidenreng Rappang. Vocabulary teaching is one of the most important components of any language class.

Keeping students own adequate vocabulary, it needs a different way to improve students vocabulary not only to write but also to apply it. The best way is by means of visual aids in teaching vocabulary. To introduce the meaning of new words by using visual aids is one of techniques in teaching vocabulary. To create relaxing atmosphere in teaching vocabulary by using visual aids, it will be applied one of teaching models as it called Team Game Tournament or TGT.

Problem Statements
How can be applied Team Games Tournament in improving students vocabulary using visual aids? How do visual aids assist students in comprehending and remembering new vocabulary?

Objectives of Research

The objective of research is to find out the effectiveness of team games tournament (TGT) in improving students vocabulary by using visual aids. A further subsidiary aim is to assist students in comprehending and remembering new vocabulary.

Significance of Research

Motivating students to improve their vocabulary. Encouraging each other to compete in achieving success learning vocabulary. Creating an atmosphere of learning that not forcing students to learn.

Concept of Literature Review

The Definition of Teaching Strategy Teams-Games-Tournament (TGT) Teaching of Vocabulary Definition of Visual Aids

METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Research Design


Applying quantitative design methods by conducting tests (pre-test and posttest) and giving questionnaire to students.

Population and Sample


The students of MODAPUTA-English Conversation School in Pangkajene Sidrap. .

Data of Research
The result of questionnaire pretest, posttest, and

Instruments of Research
Tests (Pretest questionnaire and Posttest), and

Data Collection Procedure

Data Analyzing Technique 1. t-Test formula 2. The percentage technique

1) Preparation; 2) Application; 3) Evaluation.

REFERENCES

Allen, Virginia French. 1983. Techniques in Teaching vocabulary: Teaching techniques in English as a second or foreign language. New York: Oxford University Press. Andrews, Richard. 2003. Continuum Research Questions. London : MPG Books. Best, John W. 1981. Research In Education. New Jersey-Prentice Hall, Inc. Creswell, John W. 2009. Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approach. London : Sage Publication.inc. Crowther, Jonathan. 1995. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English. New York : Oxford University Press. Harmer, J. 2001. The practice of English language teaching (3rd ed.). London: Longman. Hubbard, P. et. Al. 1983.A Training Course for TEFL. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Holt, G. M. 1995.Teaching Low-Level Adult ESL Students. California: California Department of Education. http://www.cal.org/caela/ esl_resources/ digests/HOLT.html/digests/HOLT.html/ accessed on October 2012. Lado, Robert. 1988. Teaching English Across Cultures : An Introduction for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. New York : McGraw-Hill. Pianta, Robert C. 2011. Teaching Children Well: New Evidence-Based Approaches to Teacher Professional Development and Training. USA : the Associated Press/Steve Pope. Readence, John E, Thomas W. Bean and R. Scott Baldwin. 1989. Content Area Reading : An Integrated Approach. Iowa : Kendal/Hunt Publishing Company. Reynolds, William M an Gloria E. Miller. 2003. Handbook Of Psychology : Educational Psychology, Vol. 7. Canada : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Slavin, Robert E. 1990. Teams-Games-Tournaments: Cooperative Learning Strategies. USA : Allyn and Bacon. ___________. 1995. Classroom Applications of Cooperative Learning. USA: Johns Hopkins University and University of York. McCoy, Douglas. 2007. Visuals and Vocabulary: The Order of Presentation Matters. AIU : Edu 612-0704A-01. Nation, I.S.P. 2001). Learning vocabulary in another language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Oxford, R. L. 1990 Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. New York, U: Newbury House. [USA:Heinle & Heinle Publishers]. Thornbury, Scott. How to Teach Vocabulary. Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2004. ISBN 0582-429668 Ur, Penny. A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. ISBN-052144994-4

APPENDIXES

Thats all, thank U