Anda di halaman 1dari 23

# Design and drawing of RC Structures

CV61
Dr. G.S.Suresh
Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore-570 008

Mob: 9342188467

Email: gss_nie@yahoo.com

## Learning out Come

Review of Lay out Drawing Problems on Lay out drawing of column and footing Problems on Lay out drawing of beams and slabs

## Structural Lay-Out Drawing

Positioning and orientation of columns Positioning of beams Spanning of slabs Layout of stairs Selecting proper type of footing

Dr.G.S.Suresh

## Structural Lay-Out Drawing

Two axes marked one side with alphabets and the other with numbers. Columns are marked at the intersection of grids Beams are marked using two parallel lines Slabs are indicated either as one way or two way
4
Dr.G.S.Suresh

A

D 1 2 3 4

Dr.G.S.Suresh

## Structural Lay-Out Drawing

A

D 1 2 3 4

Dr.G.S.Suresh

Problem-1
Data For Column-Footing Lay out
A clear dimension of factory floor is 11.75 m x 19.75 m Spacing of columns 4m c/c Size of columns 250 mm x 450 mm Span of steel truss is 12.25 m c/c At the ends to support the gable wall additional two RCC columns of size 250 mm x 450 mm are to be provided at 4m c/c measured from end columns All the walls all-round are 250 mm thick Height of columns = 3m Size of footing 1.4m x 1.8m Thickness of footing 300 mm uniform Depth of foundation 1.2m below ground level

Problem-1
Preliminary Calculations
External dimensions of the building: Along X-direction = 11.75 + 2 x 0.25 = 12.25 m Along Z-direction = 19.75 + 2 x 0.25 = 20.25 m Centre line dimensions of the building: Along X-direction = 12.25 0.45 = 11.80 m Along Z-direction = 20.25 -0.25 = 20.00 m

Problem-1
Procedure
Draw the centerline of the building having 11,800mm along X-direction and 20,000 mm along Z-directions Mark these centre lines as grid lines A and D for lines parallel to Z-directions & grid lines 1 and 6 for lines parallel to X-axis Measure 4000mm from grid lines A and D to get grid line B and C Measure 4000mm c/c along Z-axis starting from grid line 1 to get grid lines 2, 3, 4 and 5 Draw rectangular filled box of size 250mm x 400mm at the intersection of gird lines along A and D to indicate the position of column along these grid lines as shown in Fig.
9

Problem-1
Procedure Contd.
Draw rectangular filled box of size 250mm x 400mm at the intersection of grid lines 1,6 with B and C respectively as shown in Fig. Draw rectangles each of size 1400 mm x 1800mm symmetrically with respect to centre of column to indicate excavation marking for all columns. Here the shorter side of this rectangle box is parallel to the shorter side of column as shown in Fig. 1.8 Sectional elevation and plan of the footing of column is drawn just to the right of the key plan drawn as shown in Fig.

10

Problem-1
Drawing: Key Plan

11

Problem-1
Drawing: Footing Details

12

Problem-2
Data For Beam-Slab Lay out
Prepare a general layout showing the positions and sizes of Beams and Slabs to a suitable scale for a Community Hall: Clear dimension of hall is 12.05 m x 19.8 m Three rows of columns are to be provided along the width with spacing of 6 m c/c Six rows of columns are to be provided along the length with spacing of 4 m c/c All the walls all-round are 200 mm thick Size of columns 200 mm x 450 mm Main beams are of size 200 mm x 600 mm Secondary beams are of size 200 mm x 300 mm Thickness of slab = 150 mm
13

Problem-1
Preliminary Calculations External dimensions of the building:
Along X-direction = 12.05 + 2 x 0.2 = 12.45 m Along Z-direction = 19.8 + 2 x 0.2 = 20.2 m

Centre line dimensions of the building: Along X-direction = 12.45 - 0.45 = 12 m Along Z-direction = 20.2 -0.2 = 20.00 m

14

Problem-1
Procedure
Draw the centerline of the building having 12,000 mm along X-direction and 20,000 mm along Z-directions Mark these centre lines as grid lines A and C for lines parallel to Z-directions & grid lines 1 and 6 for lines parallel to X-axis Measure 6000mm from grid lines A to get grid line B Measure 4000mm c/c along Z-axis starting from grid line 1 to get grid lines 2, 3, 4 and 5 Draw rectangular filled box of size 200mm x 450mm at the intersection of gird lines along A and C to indicate the position of column along these grid lines as shown in Fig.
15

Problem-1
Procedure Contd.
Draw parallel lines spaced at 200mm symmetrically about the grid lines 1 to 6 to indicate main beams having effective span of 6m as shown in Fig. 1.9 Draw parallel lines spaced 200 mm abutting to end columns to indicate secondary beams as shown in Fig. 1.9. Also draw 200 mm wide secondary beam along grid line B as shown in Fig.1.9 Mark all the main beams as B1 and Secondary beams as B2 Indicate the slab as one way slab as shown in Fig. 1.9 and mark the slabs as S1.

16

Problem-1
Drawing: Key Plan

17

Problem-1
Drawing: CROSS-SECTION

18

Problem-1
Do it Yourself
1. Prepare a general layout drawing including the details of columns and foundation for a shopping complex with four shops in the ground floor with the following details: Column size : 230 x 450 mm Spacing : 3.5 m c/c Span of the beam supported by columns = 6m c/c Depth of foundation : 1.2 m below GL Depth of Footing : 450 mm

19

Problem-1
Do it Yourself
2. Prepare a general lay out drawing for the ground floor of a community centre in a land measuring 35m x 50 m for the following particulars: Plinth area to be limited to 450 m2 (15m x 30m) Height of each column : 3.5m Size of columns : 300 mm x 450 mm Effective span of each continuous beam 5m of size 300 mm x 500 mm Secondary beams to be provided for a span of 4m and of size 300 mm x 400 mm Plinth beam 300 mm x 400 mm all-round 0.6m above ground level Footing of size 1.2 m x 2.8 m for each column has its uniform thickness= 600mm
20

Problem-1
Do it Yourself
3. Prepare a key plan at foundation level of a community hall building. Building has an auditorium of clear dimensions 12m x 19.7 m. Corridor of 4 m wide on either side (Parallel to longer side) of auditorium have to be provided. The roofing for auditorium is AC sheets supported on steel trusses. The end gable walls are supported on wall foundations. Roofing for corridor is RCC slab at 3m above floor level. Other details are: Clear span of roof truss = 12m Size of all RCC columns = 300 mm x 600 mm BBM columns of size 300 mm x 300 mm at 4 m c/c is to be provided in corridors to support slab Assume suitable foundation for RCC columns and BBM columns
21

Summary
Introduction to structural Drawing General Lay out Drawings Procedure for drawing column and foundation Lay-Out Drawings Procedure for drawing beam Lay-out Drawings Case Study on Lay out drawings Problems on Lay out of Column & Footing Problems on Lay out of Beams and Slabs

22

Dr.G.S.Suresh

Dr. G.S.Suresh
Civil Engineering Department The National Institute of Engineering Mysore-570 008

Mob: 9342188467

Email: gss_nie@yahoo.com

23