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Impressionism thru Post-Impressionism

Impressionism

Impressionism - 19th century art movement Began as a loose association of Parisbased artists Began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. Name derived from French impressionist painter Claude Monets Impression Sunrise.

Claude Monets Impression Sunrise

Impressionism

Impressionist style of painting is characterized by concentration on the general impression produced by a scene or object, the use of unmixed primary colors, and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light.

Impressionism

Characteristic of impressionist painting are visible brushstrokes, light colors, open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, and unusual visual angles.

Impressionism

Impressionists broke the picture making rules Captured a fresh and original vision that seemed strange and unfinished to the public. Rejecting attempts to portray ideal beauty, the impressionists looked instead to beauty in candid day-to-day living. Painted en plein air capturing the momentary and transient aspects of sunlight.

Impressionism

Impressionist paintings: short, "broken" brush strokes of pure, untinted and unmixed pigments Surfaces of the paintings are textured with thick paint, a characteristic setting them apart from their predecessors Compositions are simplified and innovative, and the emphasis is on overall effect rather than upon details.

Impressionism Techniques
Short, thick strokes of paint in a sketchy way - They left brush strokes on the canvas, adding a new dimension to painting - Colors with as little pigment mixing as possible, allowing the eye of the viewer to optically mix the colors
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Impressionism Techniques

Did not tint their colors in order to obtain darker pigments. They mixed with complementary colors. Painted wet paint into wet paint instead of waiting for successive applications to dry Discovered and emphasized aspects of the play of natural light In outdoor paintings, they boldly painted shadows with the blue of the sky as it reflected onto surfaces

Subject Matter

Interest among the artists in mundane subject matter A new method of capturing images became available. Photography was gaining popularity, cameras became more portable, photographs became more candid. Photography inspired impressionists to capture the moment

Famous Impressionists

Claude MonetFrench impressionist painter 1840-1926

Claude Monet

Claude Monet

Claude Monet

Claude Monet

Edgar Degas
French Impressionist 1834-1917

Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas

Mary Cassatt
American Impressionist Painter 1845-1926

Mary Cassatt

Mary Cassatt

Post- Impressionism

Post-impressionism: a term applied to painting styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries After Impressionism Famous Post-Impressionists: Van Gogh, Cezanne, Gauguin, and Seurat

Post- Impressionism

An extension of Impressionism and a rejection of its limitations Continued using vivid colors, thick application of paint, distinctive brushstrokes and real-life subject matter, BUT they aimed to portray more emotion and expression in their paintings

Post- Impressionism

Their more exaggerated forms and use of color, structure and line paved the way for later 20th century art styles such as fauvism and cubism.
Lets look at some PostImpressionists

Vincent van Gogh


Dutch Post-Impressionist, 1853-1890

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh

Paul Cezanne
French Post-Impressionist, 1839-1906

Paul Cezanne

Georges Seurat
French Post-Impressionist, 1859-1891

Georges Seurat

Georges Seurat

Paul Gauguin
French Post-Impressionist, 1848-1903

Paul Gaguin