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Images for Final

Breugel the Elder, The Harvesters, 1565 Protestant

Love of everyday life/ earthy/ secular with a note of spirituality Oil painting (is forgiving because it stays wet for a long time/ First used by Flemish; )

Bernini, David, 1623-4 Baroque

Dynamism rather than reposeful balance It is Baroque Art because He is in the moment; climatic moment; height of the story; his whole body becomes involved in the action; creating tension in body and face Involves the viewer

Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew, 1599-1600 Baroque

Oil on canvas Baroque drama and well as Baroque use of light (tenebrism and chiascuro) Image of Counter Reformation. Counter Reformation; movement by the Catholic Church makes to regain followers. Strategy used baroque drama and new style to change imagery to contemporary. Contemporary dressed

Germain Boffrand, Salon de la Princesse, Hotel de Soubise (Interior), Paris c1732 (Rococo)

Interior design, luxury, sense of high culture Extension of the French Baroque Curved linearity and ornaments Boisorie and floral and shaped paintings Colors become light, poetic, Overtly ornate furnishings Subject Matter: Lavish lifestyle

Jean-Baptiste Greuze, The Marriage Contract, 1761 Enlightenment

Subject Matter: About middle class, family values, human emotion Form is different; less luxurious Greys and browns, the setting is different More of a sense of structure; different ideal Family value; does not make it look less real

David, Death of Socrates, 1787 French Revolution, NeoClassicism

Socrates is referred to an Example of Virtue Political system changes and so does art; push towards secularization Resembles classical past and renaissance but with Baroque use of light Intense grid of horizontals and verticals Color pattern is hardened, crisp and clear; not hazy Looking to Greek and Roman sculpture; emphasis on drawing. Why is subject matter changing: the enlightenment values; no one is above the law; call to civic view/ what it means to have a democracy/republic

Horatio Greenough, George Washington, 1840 Late American NeoClassicism

A type of neoclassicm which did not work because He is on a throne; looks like a king He is nude from the waist

NB. Neoclassicm = Classical + Baroque + Renaissance

Coyolxauqui, Aztec, c1469 Mexico/ Aztec

Symbol of sacrifice Densely symbolic stone culture compared to subtle Inca Representation of mystical event

Hosteen Klah, Whirling Log Ceremony blanket,, c1925 Native North American / Navajo

Products used are natural Sense of extreme abstraction Weaved in intentional errors to not resemble sand painting Navajo; sand painter Style of blanket comes from sand painting

Gelede mask installed at the AMNH, Yoruba, Nigeria, 19th century, African

Themes; gender, life cycles, power; was for post menopausal women Abstraction distillation and accumulation; abstraction in the form of exaggerated forms but still the idea of syntax which leads to symbolism Symbolism Utility and use; is not a craft but is a prop in the bigger artwork How is it displayed ; just the object itself, is in a case by itself does not show context is how it is used in the masquerade.

Trigo Piula, Ta Tele, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1988 West African

Contemporary Art Subject matter: still reflects traditional art with the inclusion of political and social issues Oil on canvas

Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19 Romanticism

Baroque element: climatic moment (they are about to be saved)with Renaissance attention to anatomy and renaissance idealism There is always a grand gesture in Romanticism Great diagonals Painted based on a real event(boat crashes and they are all on a small raft) o emphasize larger view of human struggle NB. Romantism = Baroque and Neoclasssical Elements

Goya, Third of May, 1808, 1814 Romanticism / Realism

Romanticism makes us view deeper into the event Strong use of diagonals Subject Matter: On May 1808 Spanish rose briefly against Napoleon Baroque use of light Climatic Moment: people are about to die Human struggle

Daumier, Third Class Carriage, 1862 Realism

Movement of journalism; illustrated journalism; engraving Idea of spreading information Heroic portrayal of lower class Political movement of communism and socialism Based on contemporary event

Renoir, Moulin de la Galette, 1876 Impressionism

Subject Matter: because of regimented hours middle class started having leisure places, modern life, light, picture is about middle class because middle class were the people now buying the painting Why is it an impressionist painting Sense of fleeting moment; motion all over but still the use of viewer involvement Cropping: giving a snapshot quality(Intentional use of cropping strategy) Art starts to take apart the elements used to make art Intention is not to trick you

Degas, Absinthe Drinker, 1877 Impressionism

Obsession with light Cropping(like she is trapped with the box) Effects of light and shadow Loose and visible brushwork

Seurat, Sunday Afternoon at the Island of La Grand Jatte, 1884 Pointilism / Post-Impressionism

Idiosyncratic; things taken from impressionism and each artist does their own thing Subject matter is taken from impressionism; leisure activity of the middle class Like impressionism it is interested in optics and Seurat has taken the brushwork and hardens it by using point/dots

Cezanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-4 Post-Impressionism

Similar to Seurat takes his own spin on impressionism . Analytic brushwork Awareness of color theory Architectural brushwork as well as structural brush work Makes the viewer feel like it can be snapped forward of the landscape Cezanne wants us to look at a picture and get different points of view NB. This is the branch of Post Impressionism which leads to Cubism

Picasso, Ma Jolie, 1911-12 (High Analytic )Cubism

Like Cezanne encourages the viewer to see from different angles Complete reduction of color and makes art flat and abstract; is thinking about shape and form Analytic form; is about breaking down but never going completely abstract as there is always reference to subject matter Subject Matter: He starts to incorporate signs of a figure and is introducing the subject of time not only from multiple points of view(like Cezanne) but the idea of time passing(over time)

Boccioni, States of Mind: Farewells, 1911 Futurism

Futurist are all Italians; youth , energy speed, and violence Subject Matter: Political, about warfare Very abstract with fierce colors Uses a vocabulary from cubism but uses pointillism Use of technology Use of signs (like Picasso) Obsessed with portraying movement vs. still life of Picasso in cubism Impulse at the time was to captivate time because of the invention of TV(versus the invention of photograph which influences photograph)

Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 Dada

Dada seeks to make new beginning and wants to deviate completely from all types of previous art- did not want the idea of paint on a canvas Duchamp created the idea of ready made and plants the eternal seed that anything is art With Duchamps ready made he revolutionizes artwork and leads this to conceptual art Dada : nonsense word and is a reactionary movement without a unified style that occurs in several places at once (Hanover, Berlin, Paris, NY)- occurs after WW1

Masson, Battle of the Fishes, 1926 Surrealism

Surrealism ; seeks to call out meaning to the madness /bizarre of dreams , eroticisms through means of psycho-analysis.(Surreal-above reality) Surrealism coincides with automatism whose goal is to revel our unconscious desires and thoughts when we just say/sketch things as they come Started by just taking paper to pen, complete abstract motion with hand in automatism then completes it by calling out the images No preconceived thought to what is drawn

Pollock, Autumn Rhythm, 1950 Abstract Expressionism

Total Abstraction Art world at this time shifts to New York from Paris Abstract Expressionism personal expressive line, a signature style Came from surrealism and automatism and is a statement of existence; in the moment Is an action painting ; transparency process ; the viewer can see hoe I was made; painting is being honest about painting; is not about illusion(anti-illusion makes it modern) Expresses the artists state of mind with the goal of striking an emotional chord with the viewer. Reaction of post WW2

Wesselman, Still Life #20 1962

Pop Art

Pop art celebrates the commodity/ domestic Subject matter; Art as a commodity Ambiguity is always in pop art (difficult to formulate explanation) Use of collage; reproduced image Pop Art is a reaction to abstract expressionism

Warhol, Marilyn Diptych, 1962 Pop Art

Unmatched ambiguity Takes popular images Uses the technique of de-skilling the artist by using silk screens technique

Tony Smith, American Die 1962 Minimalism

The goal of minimalism is to make the viewer aware of their own experience within the space Industrially produced or built by skilled workers Minimalism is contemporary with Pop Art Minimalism focusses on the raw industrial commodity vs. the domestic commodity of Pop Art Removes any trace of emotion or intuitive or ration decision making; because of the fact that it can only be viewed in a limited number of ways

Smithson, Robert Spiral Jetty 1970 Earthworks

Interest of entropy; decaying into evenness Sense of time/ breaking down Interest in the fact that it is going to decay Interest in geologic time, a prehistoric past Non-commodity art Photographic documentation; art relies heavily on photography as photography and film become important Interested in the sublime / sci-fi The beginning of art that is not for sale