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Pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh

Otto Bütschli tahun 1884
Ciri-ciri umum
 Unicelullar
 Pada umumnya memiliki flagel yang
tidak sama panjang (Heterokontae)
jumlah flagel 2 atau 4
 Umumnya hidup di air tawar yang kaya
bahan organik (di laut sangat sedikit)
 Ada yang memiliki kloroplast (dapat
berfotosintesis) ada juga yang tidak
dapat berfotosintesis
 Yang berfotosintesis disebut Phototrophic
 Yang tidak berfotosintesis disebut
Osmotrophic (makan dengan cara diffusi)
 Kelompok yang ketiga disebut
Phagotrophic (makan dengan cara
menangkap makanan)
 Jumlah genus hanya 40 dan jumlah spesies
-/+ 800
 Dinding sel tersusun atas lapisan-lapisan
protein berbentuk spiral, yang disebut
 Memiliki bintik mata yang disebut stigma
 Pigmen yang dimiliki klorofil a dan b, 
 Disebut Euglenozoa, euglenoids,
 Most colored euglenids have an stigma,
or eyespot (lost in secondarily colorless
forms), which is a small splotch of red
pigmentation shading the flagellar
pocket. At the base of the leading
flagellum is a collection of light sensitive
crystals, so together the two act as a sort
of directional eye. This is in fact where
the group's name comes from: Gr
eu+glêne, eyeball.
 Ada satu Kelas – Euglenophyceae
Ordonya ada 3:

 Euglenales
Ada satu famili: Euglenaceae
Contoh genus : Euglena, Phacus, Trachelomonas
 Eutreptiales
Ada satu famili : Eutreptiaceae
Contoh genus : Astacia (morfologis sama dengan
Euglena), Peranema, Hyalophacus
Ada satu famili Rhabdomonadaceae
Contoh genus : Colacium, Petalomonas

 Pembelahan Sel pada arah longitudinal
 Tidak dikenal adanya reproduksi seksual
 (+) Produsen primer di air tawar
 (+,-) Indikator pencemaran organik
 The euglenids (or euglenoids) are one of
the best-known groups of flagellates,
commonly found in freshwater especially
when it is rich in organic materials, with a
few marine and endosymbiotic members.
Many euglenids have chloroplasts and
produce energy through photosynthesis,
but others feed by phagocytosis or strictly
by diffusion. They belong to the phylum
Euglenophyta, and their cell structure is
typical of that group.
Euglenids are distinguished mainly by the presence
of a pellicle, which is composed of proteinaceous
strips underneath the cell membrane, supported by
dorsal and ventral microtubules. This varies from
rigid to flexible, and gives the cell its shape, often
giving it distinctive striations. In many euglenids
the strips can slide past one another, causing an
inching motion called metaboly. Otherwise they
move using the flagella.
The euglenids were first defined by Otto Bütschli in
1884 as the flagellate order Euglenida. Botanists
subsequently treated the algal division
Euglenophyta; thus they were classified as both
animals and plants, as they share characteristics
with both. This conflict is an example of why the
kingdom Protista was adopted. However, they

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