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Gender Sensitizatio n

Overview
Conceptual analysis Learning outcome Self reflection (life experiences)

Learning outcome
Instilling empathy into the views that we hold about our own and the other gender Examining our personal attitudes Modification of our behavior Gender equality

Icebreaker
Drawing of the following Farmer Nurse Engineer Soldier

Brainstorming
Discussion on the reaction of participants when faced with their own deep-rooted attitudes about farmers and their surprise or even shock when they find that they, themselves, have gender-biased views.

What is Gender
"Gender" refers to the socially constructed roles and responsibilities of women and men, in a given culture or location. An identity of perception of a woman by a man and vice versa and both themselves and the society/community.

These roles are influenced by perceptions and expectations arising from cultural, political, environmental, economic, social, and religious factors, as well as custom, law, class, ethnicity, and individual or institutional bias. Gender attitudes are Features/characteristics and behaviors are learned and can be changed from culture to culture and time to time.

Gender may also be based on


Legal status Social interactions Public persona Experience

Gender roles
Aim-Reflection on Societal views about Womens and Mens roles

Exercise-Gender Bias
AGREE OR DISAGREE Men cant cook. Women should earn less money than men do. A husband cannot follow his wife on a diplomatic posting. A man is the head of the household. Men dont cry. Boys look bad in pink dress,and girls in blue dress . It is not the job of the father to change nappies. A girl cannot propose marriage to a boy. Women cannot be religious leaders. Men are not natural child care providers. The man is the breadwinner. Men make good doctors, women make good nurses.

Exercise 2: Characteristics or attributes (brainstorming) (ask participants to describe women, men, and child in words or symbols)
Male Female Male child Female child

Exercise 3: I can and I could (for male participants)


I am a man I can If I were a woman I could

Exercise 4: I can and I could (for female participants)


I am a woman I can If I were a man I could

What is Gender sensitization


Gender sensitizing "is about changing behavior and instilling empathy into the views that we hold about our own and the other sex."It helps people in "examining their personal attitudes and beliefs and questioning the 'realities' they thought they know."

Gender sensitization is not


A war of the genders Not anti male/female

Gender sensitization
Acknowledges the different roles and responsibilities of women and men in the community and the relationships with them.

Gender sensitivity
Gender sensitivity is an integral part in decision making in industrialized countries where there is a growing number of female headed households, especially in the urban setting. In less developed countries, these issues are aggravated by cheap, gender insensitive alternates which cause stress and discomfort especially among females where needs generally different from men

Situation Analysis
You are the Manager in a firm and you have to decide to send one employee among Victor and Victoria abroad for an important project.Both of them have never been

Preconceived notions about gender


Men Independent Logical Aggressive Out-spoken Leaders Adventurous women Dependent Emotional Peace makers Soft-spoken Followers Cautious

Qualities applicable irrespective of gender

Independent Powerful Competent Logical Decision-makers Breadwinners

Role Analysis
What responsibilities does the woman have at home? What are the responsibilities of the man? Compare the womans job with that of the man in terms of physical requirements, attractiveness of the job, access to machines, relationship with superiors and pay. Describe the womans day. Evaluate it. Describe the mans day. Evaluate it.

Exercise 5 : Division of labour


Time 4.00 am 5.00 am 6.00 am 7.00 am 8.00am 9.00 am 10.00 am 11.00 am 12.00 noon 1.00pm 2.00 pm 3.00 pm 4.00 pm 5.00 pm 6.00 pm 7.00 pm 8.00pm 9.00 pm 10.00 pm 11.00 pm 12.00 am 1.00am 2.00am 3.00am Tasks done by women Tasks done by men

SESSION -2

Discussion questions
What is your understanding about GS? What do you find lacking in the public perception ? Separation of GENDER in some situations say sports , what is your opinion ? What should be done to solve these issues?

Gender Analysis
Gender Analysis is a methodology for identifying the specific roles that men and women play that contribute to a particular groups social and economic development. In particular, it is useful for determining whether available resources are fairly distributed among women and men who perform different tasks.

Dimensions for gender Analysis


i) Labour ii) Income iii) Gender differences in expenditure iv) Access to, and control of, resources

Do we respect the other gender?


Home/family- values within ourselves Sibling Friends

Rural/urban situations

Social differences

SITUATION ANALYSIS
Husband and wife are planning to relocate to Bangalore from Delhi.They give a telephone interview to the MD of a software company and are told that both are equally good but only one of them can Take up the job as the companys policy does not allow the spouse to work in the same department.Who should take up the job? Gender roles

SITUATION ANALYSIS
A family has a son and a daughter son gets a job in Dubai and daughter gets admission in an engineering college.Each oppurtunity willcost Rs 100000.Parents can afford only one.Which one ? Gender Bias

Across the globe-Lack of gender sensitivity


Women in the field damage the crop. Bangladesh It is bad luck to have a daughter. Myanmar Men are the front legs; women are the hind legs of elephants. Thailand A woman has to live nine lives to be born a man. Bhutan Behind a loser stands a woman. Philippines Women are incapable. They cant even circle a stove. Pakistan Respect men, degrade women. Japan Without a man, the family is a house with no roof. Married daughters are water thrown out of the house. Viet Nam Women, drums, illiterates and animals need beating. India

The challenges of gender Sensatisation


1.Personal factors 2.Psychological glass ceiling 3.Social factors

4.Structural factors

Post training assessment


Sl.No 1 Statements Not at all I dont think that women and men behave yes differently because they are biologically different. I think all jobs can be done by women. I feel sympathy with people who experience discrimination. I look forward to a time when men and women would be equal. Raising gender issues does not cause conflict between men and women. I understand what gender is. I know methods of finding out what men and women do in a day. I know roles of women. I believe that there is inequality among men & women. I believe that patriarchy system is an important reason for women oppression.
Total

Completely no

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes Yes

no no no no no no no no no

Pre Assessment Questionnaire Gender Sensitization Courtesy : hcfp.gov.in

Conclusion
Gender bias is not always obvious. Often the bias is subtle and unintentional, however, the result is still the same DAMAGING. BE THE CHANGE