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Presentation On

Power Transmission
Ummed singh verma

IIndYear(Mechanical) Non-Academic Mentor

Contents
Basics Objects Belts Types of belts Composition of belts Length Problems Uses

Basics

Achieved by specially designed belts and

pulleys. Large demands on a belt drive transmission has led to many variations on the theme.

OBJECTS OF POWER TRANSMISSION


To transfer power from motor shaft to

driven shaft. To change the speed. Serves to bridge the physical gap between motor and machine. To transmit the power from one source to different shafts. To minimize the noise due to motion.

Belt
Belt is a looped strip of flexible

material Used to mechanically link two or more rotating shafts. Used as a source of motion, to efficiently transmit power, or to track relative movement.

Belts
Belts are looped over pulleys. In a two pulley system, the belt can either drive

the pulleys in the same direction.


Or the belt may be crossed so that the direction

of the shafts is opposite.


A conveyor belt is one application.

Types Of Belts
Flat belts

Round belts
Vee belts

Timing belts
Special belts Glimer belts

Flat belts
Flat belts were used early in line shafting to

transmit power in factories. Flat belt pulleys need to be carefully aligned to prevent the belt from slipping off. The flat belt also tends to slip on the pulley face when heavy loads are applied. In practice, such belts were often given a half-twist before joining the ends

Round belts
Round belts are a circular cross section belt

designed to run in a pulley with a circular groove. They are for use in low torque situations and may be purchased in various lengths Or cut to length and joined, either by a staple, gluing or welding. Early sewing machines utilized a leather belt, joined either by a metal staple or glued.

Vee belts

Solved the slippage and alignment problem.

The "V" shape of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the

pulley with the result that the belt cannot slip off.
For high-power requirements, two or more vee belts can be

joined side-by-side in an arrangement called a multi-V

Timing Belts
Timing belts (also known as Toothed, Notch or Cog) Belts are a positive transfer belt and can track relative

movement. These belts have teeth that fit into a matching toothed pulley. When correctly tensioned, they have no slippage and are often used to transfer direct motion Timing belts with a helical offset tooth design are available. The helical offset tooth design forms a chevron pattern and causes the teeth to engage progressively.

Specialty Belts
Belts normally transmit power only on the

tension side of the loop. Designs for continuously variable transmissions exist that use belts that are a series of solid metal blocks Linked together as in a chain, transmitting power on the compression side of the loop.

Gilmer belt
Gilmer belt is a trade name for a type of belt used for

transferring power between axles in a machine.


Gilmer belts are often used in competition grade radio

controlled cars.
Gilmer belts are also very useful in full-scale automotive

engines. Their precise pulley synchronization makes them a great candidate for valvetrain application.
Some motorcycles use Gilmer belts instead of chain

drive on the rear wheel.

Composition of belts
LEATHER---Leather is most important

material for the belts. COTTON---Cotton layers are stitched . RUBBER---These belts are used in moisture environments. BALATA---These belts are acid and water proof.

WORKING OF BELT DRIVES

VELOCITY RATIO
It is the ratio of the speed of driven pulley

to that of driving pulley. Rotational speed of driven velocity ratio = ------------------------------Rotational speed of driver N2 D1 velocity ratio = ----=-----N1 D2

LENGTH OF BELT
L=3.14(R+r)+(R-r)/c+2c

L=Length of belt
R=Radius of bigger pulley

r=Radius of smaller pulley


C=distance between pulleys

PROBLEMS
Slip of beltCaused due to large

difference in tensions between tight and slack sides of the belt Which is too large to be resisted by friction between belt and the pulley This results in relative motion between the belt and the pulley which is known as slip.

Continue
CREEP---The material of the belt is

elastic.
The uneven extension and contraction of

the belt due to varying tension on it.


cause a relative motion between belt and

pulley surface which is known as the creep in belts.

USES
Used in transmitting power from one shaft

to another. Used in factories. Used in machines. Used in factories to transmit raw materials. Used to transmit product.

THANK YOU
QUERIES.??