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BY Sandeep Akki Under the guidance of Dr. E.


1. Introduction 2. Titanium alumindes 2.1. Properties of different types Titanium aluminides 3. Applications 4. Conclusion 5. References

Introduction Intermetallic compound : A compound of two metals that has a distinct chemical formula on phase diagram, it appears as an intermediate phase that exist over a very narrow range of compositions. Different classification of intermetalic compounds are:Aluminides, Nitrites, Silicades, Iron aluminides, Beryllides, Nickel aluminides etc.

Titanium Aluminides: Types 1. Ti3Al (2) 2. TiAl () 3. TiAl3() Properties of these aluminides are Improved levels of stiffness, Higher values of elastic modulus than normal Ti alloys. Resistance to oxidation with increase in %age of Al. Enhanced creep resistance (strong bonding between two atoms at elevated temp.) These alloys have limited capacity to undergo slip results in low values of ambient temp ductility due to presence of impurity elements such as Oxygen & hydrogen. Formability at elevated temp is also restricted. It is these problem that have delayed the introduction of these elements.

1. Ti3Al (2): Has a outstanding strength ;weight ratios when compares with conventional titanium alloys, although improvements in creep strength have so far been relatively small It undergoes an order/disorder transition within the composition range 22-39% Al. to form an ordered DO19 Hexagonal structure. Low ductility at room temp. It does not undergo deformation by twinning.

1. Ti3Al (2): Attempts are being made to add alloying elements to improve low temp ductility. Niobium has become widely used in this regard although molybdenum in smaller quantities, also behaves in this way & provides the additional advantage of solid solution strengthening & improved creep strength. Vanadium is also used instead of Niobium because of its lower density although oxidation resistance is reduced. Examples of alloys of recent developments Ti-24% Al- 11% & Nb, Ti 25% Al-17% Nb-1% & Mo, Ti-25% Al-10% Nb-3% V-1% Mo, Densities ranges from 4.2 to 4.7 g cm-3 which compare with 4-5 for titanium.

2. TiAl () It is a recent development, this compound intrinsically, has even less room temp ductility than Ti3Al. alloys have lower densities combined with superior values of elastic modulus , oxidation resistance, thermal stability & plasticity at elevated temperatures. TiAl has fc tetragonal structure. The composition may extend from 48.5 66% Al as per practical interest. Fracture is predominantly by cleavate at both Low & high temp. It retains its tetragonality up to its melting point of 1460C They usually have aluminum contents within the range 46-49% , with 1-4% of other additional elements. Density ranges from 3.9 to 4.1 gcm-3.

3. TiAl3 Has DO22 Tetragonal crystal structure Has highest specific stiffness & oxidation resistance of all the titanium aluminides. It exhibits compressive ductility above 620C It is brittle at lower temp. at which deformation occurs solely by twinning. To improve its ductility ternary additions of transition metals that encourage formation of structurally related but more symmetric cubic structure. Ex: Ti-65Al-10Ni in this Al & Ni atoms occupy the face centered sites & Ti as cube corners. Ternary addition of copper, manganese, zinc, iron & chromium have been made, but at low temp. they are still brittle & exhibit cleavage fracture.

4. Applications of Titanium aluminides. Aerospace industry Turbine engine components : discs, blades, valves & spacer rings Contenders for use in structure of hypersonic transatmospheric aircraft Motor car engines such as cast turbocharger rotors Cost reduction can be achieved Automotive engine valves. Etc

5. Conclusion As per the required application different percentage of aluminum is added to the alloy to get the desired properties & suit the application. 6.References Recent developments in light weight alloys Google