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OptiX RTN 600 Introduction

www.huawei.com

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword
OptiX RTN 600 is a PDH/SDH integrated short-haul digital microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. The maximum microwave transmission capacity is STM-1.

The system provides the backhaul transmission link in the


mobile communication system or private network, and also networks with optical transmission equipments.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 1

References

Product Description and Hardware Description in the

OptiX RTN 600 Product Manual.

Digital Microwave Communication principle

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 2

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the main characteristics of OptiX RTN 600. Describe the system structure ,software and hardware structure of OptiX RTN 600.

List the functions of boards in the IDU, ODU, Hybrid coupler. Explain the equipment-level protection mode of OptiX RTN 600.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 3

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure 3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 4

Contents
1. Equipment Overview

1.1 Equipment Components

IDU
ODU Antenna

Intermediate Frequency (IF) Cable


Hybrid coupler

1.2 Equipment Characteristics

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 5

Equipment Components
Antenna Hybrid coupler

IF cable

ODU Pole IDU

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 6

IDU

Indoor unit (IDU) realizes the


mutual conversion between the service signal and IF analog signal. Two types of IDU are available:

IDU 610

IDU 610 is 1U high and supports one microwave direction.

IDU 620 is 2U high and supports


maximum four microwave directions. IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 7

IF Cable

The IF cable provides -48V power for ODU and transmits the IF signal and ODU management signal between IDU and ODU. Three types of IF cable in OptiX RTN 600:

IF jumper: connection between IDU and other IF cable. 1/2 inch and RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable: connection between ODU and IF jumper.

RG-8U (1/4 inch) cable is used for the distance less than 180 meter.
1/2 inch cable is used for the distance between 180m and 300m.

IF transit jumper

IF cable

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 8

ODU

Outdoor unit (ODU) realizes the mutual conversion between IF analog signal and RF signal.

ODU is irrelevant to the microwave

transmission capacity. An ODU of


the OptiX RTN 600 can support the transmission capacity from 4 E1 to one STM-1.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 9

Hybrid Coupler

When two ODUs share one antenna, the ODUs must be connected to an RF signal coupler/ splitter (hybrid coupler). Then, the hybrid coupler is connected to the antenna.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 10

Antenna

The antenna performs the directional transmission and reception of RF signals. The main parameters are frequency band, diameter and antenna gain.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 11

Equipment Characteristics

PDH/SDH integrated microwave transmission system. The modulation mode and link capacity are set through software. Microwave link supports the SNCP. Built-in ADM provides flexible service add/drop function.

Providing the clock tracing function.


Supporting mobile FLASH card. The boards of IDU 610 and IDU 620 are compatible each other.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 12

Questions

What are the components of OptiX RTN 600? What are the functions of them? What about the connection relation among the components?

What are the characteristics of OptiX RTN 600 digital microwave equipment?

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 13

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure 3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 14

Contents

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram 2.2 Software Structure 2.3 IDU Structure and Boards 2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 15

System Diagram

OptiX RTN 600 is divided based on functional units. It consists of service

interface unit, cross-connection unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit,


auxiliary interface unit, and ODU.
E1 STM-1e STM-1o
Service interface unit Antenna RF signal IF signal IF unit ODU

Baseband signal

Crossconnect unit

Baseband signal

Overhead and control bus

Order wire External alarm Transparent data interface

Auxiliary interface unit

Clock unit

Control unit

Fan and power supply unit

-48V power supply

External clock or WS signal

NM network port NM serial NM cascading port network port


Page 16

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Software Structure

In the OptiX RTN 600, all the board software and host software are integrated together and run on the SCC board. ODU is regarded as a logical board. The ODU board software in the SCC board manages and controls the ODU hardware through the management signal between the IDU and ODU.

NM software

Host software Board software ODU SCC

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 17

Contents

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram 2.2 Software Structure 2.3 IDU Structure and Board 2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters

2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 18

IDU Structure ( IDU 610)

IDU 610 is 1U high and adopts the nature heat dissipation mode.

Support 1+0 configuration.

Line board and tributary board

IF board

EXT PXC

slot3 slot1

EXT SCC

slot4 slot2

Note: The slot numbering rule is from bottom to up and left to right.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 19

IDU Structure ( IDU 620)

IDU 620 is 2U high and dissipates heat through wind cooling.

Support a maximum of 4+0 configuration or two groups of 1+1 configuration.


The slot numbering rule is the same as OptiX RTN 610 .

EXT slot 20 EXT

slot7 slot5

EXT EXT

slot8 slot6

PXC
PXC

slot3
slot1

EXT
SCC

slot4
slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 20

IDU Board -- IF Board IF1A

The IF board receives and transmits 1x IF signal. It realizes the conversion between baseband digital signal and IF signal, it also provides -48V DC power supply and management signal to the ODU.

IF cable interface

ODU power supply switch

Indicators

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 21

IF Board -- Types
IF1A

IF1B

The -48V power is

-48V power supply is

isolated by the DC-DC power supply module and

output directly to ODU.

Support the DC-C

then sent to the ODU.

grounding mode only.

Support DC-I and DC-C

grounding modes.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 22

IF Board -- Board Installation

No limitation for board installation under HSB configuration.

Only installing IF boards in paired slots under SD or FD configuration.


EXT slot3 slot1 IDU 610 EXT slot EXT 20 PXC Paired Slots PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 IDU 620 EXT EXT EXT SCC slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2 EXT SCC slot4 slot2

Recommended installation sequence for IF boards Paired Slots

PXC

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 23

IF Board -- Block Diagram


ODU management signal SMODEM unit HSM switch signal Backplane Paired slots

IF interface Combiner interface unit

IF process unit

Modem unit

MUX / DEMUX unit

TUPP unit

Crossconnect active/ standby unit

Control bus
Support loop-back function

Power unit

Clock unit

Logical control unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 24

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow


Serial port signal ODU management analog signal

SMODEM unit

SCC board

IF interface Combiner interface unit

IF process unit

Modem unit

Analog IF signal

Digital IF signal

Baseband digital signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 25

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in SDH mode:


SDH RS, MS, HP overhead and pointer processing The first 2M overhead signal The second 2M overhead signal--wayside E1 SCC board SDH microwave frame signal Modem unit MUX / Clock signal DEMUX unit Cross-connection and clock board

TUPP unit Detecting LINKID, ATPC, and microwave RDI information

LINK ID identifies the microwave link and is used to distinguish different microwave links.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 26

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in PDH mode:


Only 1x 2M overhead signal SCC board PDH microwave frame signal MUX / DEMUX unit Clock signal Cross-connection and clock board

Detecting the frame header and B1 byte

Modem unit

TUPP unit

Detecting J0, LINKID, ATPC and microwave link RDI information.

VC4 signal

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Page 27

Receiving Signal Flow in HSB Mode


Bite Error or alarm happened
MUX / DEMUX unit

Modem unit

two signals have the phase difference.


MUX / DEMUX Unit On Standby IF board

Local board Microwave signal Standby board Microwave signal

TUPP unit

2 signals are synchronized

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 28

IF Board -- Receiving Signal Flow (Cont.)


High-order pointers are aligned VC12/VC3 service MUX / TUPP unit DEMUX unit VC4 service Crossconnection active/ standby unit Active crossconnection board Standby crossconnection board

High-order pointer signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 29

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow


Clock fault

Clock
System clock used by local board Active crossconnection clock board

Service

VC4 signal MUX / DEMUX unit High-order pointer signal C1J1 Cross-connection active/standby unit

Clock Service
Standby crossconnection clock board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 30

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow (cont.)

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in SDH mode:


Process the overhead, pointer, and scramble. 2M overhead SCC board 2M overhead wayside E1 SDH microwave frame signal MUX / DEMUX unit

Modem unit

VC4 signal

Inserting LINKID, ATPC, and microwave link RDI information.

High-order pointer signal

Crossconnection active/ standby unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 31

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow (cont.)

When MUX/DEMUX unit works in PDH mode:


De-mapping TU12 and set the PDH microwave frame overhead, scramble, LINKID, ATPC, and microwave link RDI information.

1x 2M overhead

SCC board

Modem unit

PDH microwave frame signal

MUX / DEMUX unit

VC4 signal

Crossconnection active/ standby unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 32

IF Board -- Transmitting Signal Flow (cont.)


ODU management analog signal Serial port signal SMODEM unit SCC board

IF interfaceCombiner interface unit

IF process unit

Modem unit

-48V power supply

IF analog signal

IF digital signal

Baseband digital signal

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 33

IF Board -- IF Performance
Item 4 X E1 Modulation QPSK 16QAM mode Channel spacing (MHz)) Coding scheme 7 3.5 QPSK 13.75 /14 a Performance 8 X E1 16QAM 16 X E1 QPSK 27.5/ 28 b 16QAM 13.75 /14 a STM-1 128QAM

27.5 / 28 b

PDH signal is coded through the Reed-Solomon (R-S). SDH signal is coded through the Trellis-Coded Modulation (TCM) and R-S. a: At the 18G band, the channel spacing is 13.75MHz, At other bands, the channel spacing is 14MHz. b: At the 18G band, the channel spacing is 27.5MHz. At other bands, the channel spacing is 28MHz.

Remarks

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 34

IF Board -- IF Signal Parameters


Item Transmitting frequency (MHz) Performance 350 140 50

IF signal

Receiving frequency (MHz) Impedance (ohm)

Modulation mode ODU management signal


Transmitting frequency (MHz) Receiving frequency (MHz)

ASK
5.5 10

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 35

IF Board -- Indicators
Indicator Status Meaning

On
STAT On Off On On

The board is working normally


The board hardware is faulty. The board is not working, not created, or has no input power. The service is normal. The service has a critical or major alarm. The service has a minor or remote alarm. No services are configured. The space link is normal.

SRV

On Off On

LINK

On

The space link is faulty.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 36

IF Board -- Indicators
Indicator ODU On On On BER Off On Status Meaning The ODU is normal. The ODU is faulty. The microwave BER exceeds the threshold. The microwave BER does not exceed the threshold. The remote equipment has a Remote Defect Indication (RDI). The remote equipment has no RDI. The board is in active state. The board is in standby state.

RMT
Off ACT On Off

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 37

IDU Board -- Tributary Board PH1

The tributary board processes multi-channel E1 signals and provides the E1 interface.

Indicator

1-8 channel E1 DB44 interfaces

9-16 channel E1 DB44 interfaces


Page 38

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Tributary Board -- Types


PH1A
16-channel E1 interface

PO1A
8-channel E1 interface

PH1B
16-channel E1 interface

PO1B
8-channel E1 board

75 ohm

75 ohm

120 omh

120 ohm

The board interface impedance is selected through the jumper:

If there is a jumper, the impedance is 75 ohm.


If there is no jumper, the impedance is 120 ohm.

Four groups of jumpers determine the impedance.

Front panel

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 39

Tributary Board -- Board installation


Recommended installation sequence for TU boards EXT PXC slot3 slot1 IDU 610 EXT slot EXT 20 PXC PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 EXT SCC slot4 slot2

EXT
EXT EXT SCC

slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

IDU 620

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 40

Tributary Board -- Block Diagram


Backplane

E1 interface Tributary interface unit

Coding and decoding unit

Mapping/ De-mapping unit

Cross -connect active/ standby unit

Control bus Clock unit Support loop-back function Logical control unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 41

Tributary Board -- Indicators


Indicator Status On Meaning The board is working normally. The board hardware is faulty. The board is not working, or created, or has no input power. The service is normal. The service has a critical or major alarm. The service has a minor or remote alarm. No services are configured.

STAT

On Off On On

SRV

On Off

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 42

IDU Board -- Line Board SD1/SDE

The line board processes 1-2 channel STM-1 signal and provides STM-1 optical or electrical interface.
LC optical interface

SMB electrical interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 43

Line Board -- Types


SD1

SL1

Dual-port STM-1

Single- port STM-1

optical interface

optical interface

Ie-1 S-1.1 L-1.1 L-1.2 interface interface interface interface

Ie-1 S-1.1 L-1.1 L-1.2 interface interface interface interface

SDE

SLE

dual-port STM-1

Single-port STM-1

electrical interface

electrical interface

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 44

Line Board -- Board installation


Recommended installation sequence for LU boards EXT PXC slot3 slot1 IDU 610 EXT slot EXT 20 PXC PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 EXT EXT EXT SCC IDU 620 slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2 EXT SCC slot4 slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 45

Line Board -- Block Diagram


Support the loop-back function Backplane Overhead bus

Optical interface

O/E converter unit

Overhead process unit

TUPP unit

Crossconnect active/ standby unit

Control bus Clock unit Logical control unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 46

Line Board -- Interface Parameters


Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Application code Optical fiber type Transmission distance (km) Working wavelength (nm) Average transmit optical power (dBm) Minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Ie-1 Multimode fiber 0.5 1260-1360 19~ 14 -23 -14 8.2 S-1.1 G.652 15 1261-1360 15~8 -28 -8 8.2 Performance 155520 L-1.1 G.652 40 1263-1360 5~0 -34 -10 10 L-1.2 G.652 80/100 1480-1580 5~0 -34 -10 10

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 47

Line Board -- Indicators


Indicator Status On STAT On Off Meaning The board is working normally. The board hardware is faulty. The board is not working, or created, or no power supply.

On
SRV On On Off On LOS1 Off On

The service is normal.


The service has a critical or major alarm. The service has a minor or remote alarm. No services are configured. No.1 opt. port on the SL1/SD1 board has a R_LOS alarm. No.1 opt. port on the SL1/SD1 board has no R_LOS alarm. No.2 opt. port on the SD1 board has a R_LOS alarm.

Copyright 2006Off Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. No.2 opt. port on the SD1

LOS2

boardPage has48 no R_LOS alarm.

IDU Board -- Ethernet Board EFT4

EFT4 is a Ethernet transparent transmission board. It receives, transmits and processes four-channel Ethernet signals.
Recommended installation sequence for EFT4 boards EXT PXC slot3 slot1 IDU 610 EXT slot EXT 20 PXC PXC slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1 EXT SCC slot4 slot2

EXT
EXT EXT SCC

slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

IDU 620
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page 49

Power Cross-Connection Clock Board -- PXC

The PXC board realizes the cross-connection (1616 VC4) and clock functions , it also provides the DC power for other boards.

Power input interface

IDU Power switch

External clock/ Wayside interface

Indicator

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 50

PXC -- Board Installation


EXT PXC slot3 slot1 IDU 610 EXT slot7 EXT slot8 EXT SCC slot4 slot2

EXT slot 20 PXC


PXC

slot5
slot3 slot1 IDU 620

EXT
EXT SCC

slot6
slot4 slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 51

PXC -- Block Diagram


Backplane External clock/ wayside E1 interface Clock unit External clock unit Overhead bus Control bus

Cross -connect unit

Logical control unit

External -48V System power power unit

48V System power supply

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 52

PXC -- Block Diagram for Wayside E1


SCC board wayside E1 Cross -connect board IF board
Note: To plug out SCC board may interrupt the wayside E1 services.

IF board

Cross -connect wayside E2 board

IF board

IF board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 53

PXC -- Indicators
Indicator Status On On Off On PWR On Off SYNC ACT On Meaning The board is working normally. The board hardware is faulty. The board is not working, or not created, or has no input power. The power is normal. +3.3V power fault or -48V input power abnormal No input power. The clock is normal.

STAT

On
On Off

The clock source is lost or the switch exists.


The board is in active state. The board is in standby status.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 54

IDU Board -- SCC

SCC provides system control and communication functions, auxiliary interfaces management and standby internal power module.

Flash memory

Indicators NM interface NM serial port Reset button Order wire Asynchronous data and Boolean interface

Indicator test button

NM cascaded interface

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Page 55

SCC Board -- Board Installation


EXT PXC slot3 slot1
IDU 610

EXT SCC

slot4 slot2

EXT

slot7 slot5 slot3 slot1


IDU 620

slot 20

EXT PXC PXC

EXT EXT EXT SCC

slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 56

SCC Board - Block Diagram


Order wire interface Asyn. data interface Auxiliary interface Boolean interface unit

Backplane
Overhead Overhead bus crossconnect unit

NM interface
HUB Cascaded network port NM serial port Control comm. unit

Control bus

System power unit

48V System power supply

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 57

SCC Board -- NM Cable Connection

The SCC board sets the NE ID through the software. The initial NE ID
is set to 49136 by default.

The IP address of NE is also set through the software. The IP address is set to 129.9.0.ID by default.

NMS
Connected by Ethernet cable

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 58

SCC Board -- Wrong Connections


Self-loop of single NE Multiple NEs are cascaded as a loop.

The connection will cause NE reset frequently.

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Page 59

PDH Microwave Overhead

When the IF board is set as PDH mode, such as 4E1/8E1/16E1, the DCC, order wire, and asynchronous transparent data interface

can only use one byte.

When the IF board is changed from STM-1 mode to PDH mode, if the transparent transmission setting of DCC byte occupies the D1

byte, the manual modification is required. Set the working mode


to DI mode first. Otherwise, when the IF board is changed to the PDH mode, the DCC is interrupted.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 60

SCC Board -- Indicators


Indicato r On STAT On Off On 100 ms and off 100 ms On 300 ms and off 300 ms On On 100 ms and off 100 ms Status Meaning The board is working normally. The board hardware is faulty. The board is not working, or not created, or has no input power. During the board power-on/reset, loading the software. The board software is introduced through the BIOS during the power-on/reset. Initialize the upper layer software. During the board power-on/reset, BOOTROM self-test fails.
Page 61

PROG

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

SCC Board -- Indicators


Indicato r Status On PROG Meaning During the board power-on/reset, the memory selftest fails or the upper layer software loading fails, or during the board running, the logical file and software are lost.

Off
On On On Off

The software is normal.


The system is normal. The system has a critical or major alarm. The system has a minor alarm. The system has no input power.

ALM

On
MANT Off

The system is in maintenance state ( that is, loopback, laser power-off, and ODU transceiver mute)
The system is in working state.
Page 62

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

IDU Board -- Fan Board (FAN)


Indicator slot 20 EXT EXT PXC PXC slot7 EXT slot5 EXT EXT slot3 slot1 SCC Fan direction slot8 slot6 slot4 slot2

Indicator
On FAN

Status
On Off

Meaning
The fan is working normally.

The board is faulty. The board has no input power.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 63

Contents

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram 2.2 Software Structure 2.3 IDU Structure and Board 2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters 2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 64

ODU -- Interface
Grounding double-screw bolt RSSI test interface IF interface

Antenna port

Dimension: < 260 mm X 260 mm X 92 mm (width X height X depth) Weight: < 5 kg Power consumption: < 40W
Page 65

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

ODU -- Block Diagram


Control unit

Amplifier

Up conversion

Amplifier Antenna port

IF interface

IF interface unit

Frequency synthesizer

Duplexer

Amplifier

Down conversion

Amplifier

Power unit

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 66

ODU -- Main Performance

The ODU frequency bands covers from 7G to 38G. Some commonly used frequency band indexes are listed in the table. Item Frequency range (GHz)

Performance
7G 7.114-7.743 15G 14.50115.257 420 3.5, 7, 14, 28 18G 17.68519.710 1010 3.5, 7, 13.75, 27.5 23G 22.00023.608 1008 3.5, 7, 14, 28

TR spacing (MHz)
Channel spacing (MHz)

161
3.5, 7, 14, 28

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 67

ODU -- Main Performance (cont.)


Item QPSK Performance

7G
25.5 16QAM 128QAM

15G
24.5

18G
24

23G
22.5

maximum Tx (dBm)
minimum Tx (dBm) Transceiver frequency stability (ppm)

21
15

20
14 -4 5

20
14

19
13

[Note]: If the transmitting power exceeds the maximum level ,the Bite Error will occur in the service.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 68

Contents

Equipment Structure

2.1 System Diagram 2.2 Software Structure 2.3 IDU Structure and Board 2.4 ODU Interfaces and Parameters 2.5 Hybrid coupler Parameters

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 69

Hybrid coupler
Secondary tributary port

Antenna port

Primary tributary port

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Page 70

Hybrid coupler -- Main Performance


Item Flatness (dB) Attenuation (dB) Coupling (dB) Isolation (dB) 0.5 1.7 6.50.6 25 Performance

Standing wave ratio


Weight (kg)

1.2
<5

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 71

Summary

Equipment Structure of OptiX RTN 600

Software Structure: the host and board software are integrated in the SCC and the ODU is a logical board. IDU: includes IDU 610 and IDU 620.

IF board: IF1A and IF1B Line board: SL1, SD1, SLE, and SDE Tributary board: PH1 and PO1 Data board: EFT4 Power cross-connection clock board: PXC System control and communication board: SCC Fan board: FAN

ODU: interface, dimension, weight, power consumption, power indicator, and frequency indicator Hybrid coupler: interface and main indicators

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 72

Contents
1. Equipment Overview
2. Equipment Structure 3. Equipment Protection

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 73

1+1 Hot Standby Backup (1+1HSB)


mute

Active ODU

Active IF Board Cross-connection board Service board

Hybrid coupler Antenna

mute

Standby ODU

Standby IF Board

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Page 74

Description of 1+1 HSB

Switch point

The services are switched in the cross-connection board.

Switch condition

Automatic switch: IF board hardware fault, ODU hardware fault, remote failure indication, and microwave frame loss.,

Manual switch: locking, forced, manual, and clearing

Characteristics

The active/standby unit has no restrictions on the paired slots.


The switch actions are implemented by the software and hardware. The service will be interrupted in the case of switch.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 75

1+1 Space Diversity (1+1 SD)


Active ODU Active IF Board Cross-connection board Service board

Antenna 1 Antenna 2

Mute

Standby ODU

Standby IF Board

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Page 76

1+1 Frequency Diversity (1+1 FD)


tf1
rf1 Active ODU Active IF Board Cross-connection board Service board

Antenna Hybrid

tf2

Standby ODU

Standby IF Board

rf2

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Page 77

Space Frequency Diversity (1+1 SD+FD)


tf1 rf1 Active ODU Active IF Board Cross-connection board Service board

Antenna 1 Antenna 2

tf2
rf2

Standby ODU

Standby IF board

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 78

Description of Hitless Switch (HSM)

Switch point

The services are switched on the IF board.

Switch condition

Automatic switch: microwave frame loss, microwave signal loss, microwave bit error , and the HSB switch triggers HSM receives forcibly the services from standby board. Manual switch: Force switch, clear.

Characteristics

The Active /standby IF board must in paired slots. Switch is implemented by hardware.

Service has no interruption during switch.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 79

Reverse Switch

Introduction

When the system fails to detect the hardware faults in the transmission direction, the HSB and SD cannot be triggered.

Switch condition

Remote site detecting the failure and send RDI to local site to trigger the HSB or SD switch.

Characteristics

It is only configured in the case of HSB or SD. Through the service detection, all the hardware faults in the transmission direction can be protected. Fail to accurately differentiate the hardware fault and external fading. After the fading, the repeated switch may be caused.

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Questions

From the service switch point, protection object, card position installation, switch condition, service impairment, and signal flow, compare the HSB protection with the HSM protection.

What are the application scenarios of reverse switch?

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Summary
Contents Review

Main characteristics System Structure, Software and Hardware Structure Board Functions and Signal flow in the IDU ODU and Hybrid coupler Features and Functions Equipment Level Protection Actions and Signal flow Microwave Link Protection Actions and Signal flow

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Thank You
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