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Graphology / Handwriting

Handwriting analyzing can tell a lot
about personality
Large companies use graphology
(handwriting analyzing) to check job
The police still use handwriting
experts to determine who wrote
Graphology or Handwriting Analysis is a
science of interpreting a person's character
from his/her personal handwriting.
Coupled with psychology and knowledge of
human behavior, it can be used for many
varied purposes. For example,
Recruitment, Marriage compatibility,
Career Guidance, Motivate workers, Child
development.. etc.
Signature is not the best way to analyze
character from handwriting , for several
– Firstly, the Signature is sometimes illegible and
different from the normal handwriting.
– Secondly, the lone signature does not give enough
words and letters to help the graphologist in his/her
But signature samples do have certain
Graphology can analyze a person's personality
without the person’s knowledge that he/she is
being analyzed. Thus reducing the possibility of
inaccuracies due to conscious or unconscious
effort by the subject to affect the result.
Distortion of the result due to the subject's
knowledge that he/she is being analyzed is
common in most Question-&-Answer type of
personality analysis tools.
It's better to use graphology to analyze the
handwriting of a pure untainted subject , rather
than to put the subject under unnatural stress of
a long questionnaire.
Also, a single personality questionnaire may
reveal a single dimension of personality. But two
handwriting samples of the same person at
different occasion may reveals different behaviour
What is Graphoanalysis?
Graphoanalysis is a scientific system of
identifying and assessing the character
and personality of an individual through a
study of handwriting. The techniques used
are based on a well-defined, standardized
method of:
– identifying strokes,
– relating these strokes to specific personality
traits, and
– evaluating the relative strength of the
interrelated traits.
Handwriting gives us access to inside
secrets about the hidden meaning of
If you received a note like the one below
– What would you be able to tell about the
writer? The words are friendly enough!
– If you look a little closer you will see that there
are a number of conflicting signs.
– Can you see the danger signals? There are red
flags popping up all over the place
An understanding of handwriting analysis
will quickly show you that this writer is
dogmatic and dictatorial, emotionally
unstable, bad tempered and possibly even
It's even possible to find the underlying
reasons for the danger signals and to
understand why the writer has so much
personal conflict in his life.
You'll be surprised to discover how much
detail can be extracted from just a single
page of handwriting.
Of course, to be able to read these signs
yourself, you will need to have some
understanding of handwriting analysis
Handwriting Guidelines
Get a sheet of paper, sign your name, and
start to analyze with these guidelines:
– Writing that leans to the right shows good
communication skills.
– Straight, vertical writing shows independence
and stability.
– Writing that leans to the left may mean you
find it difficult to communicate.
– Small writing can be a sign of modesty.
– Large writing indicates enthusiasm and
Exercise ( 15 minutes)
Get a paper and write the following
– Go west young man and grow up with
the country
– It is Valentino’s day today, so I will give
her …
Give it to your group member to
analyze it – based on the guidelines.
OCR: Handwriting
OCR: Handwriting
For more than thirty years, researchers
have been working on handwriting
As in the case of speech processing, they
aimed at designing systems able to
understand personal encoding of natural
Methods and recognition rates depend on
the level of constraints on handwriting.
The constraints are mainly characterized
by the:
– types of handwriting,
– number of scriptors,
– size of the vocabulary
– spatial layout.
Methods and Strategies
Recognition strategies heavily depends on
the nature of the data to be recognized.
In the cursive case, the problem is made
complex by the fact that the writing is
fundamentally ambiguous as the letters in
the word are generally linked together,
poorly written and may even be missing.
On the contrary, hand printed word
recognition is more related to printed word
recognition, the individual letters
composing the word being usually much
easier to isolate and to identify.
Character Recognition
– Character Recognition techniques can be classified
according to two criteria:
the way preprocessing is performed on the data
the type of the decision algorithm.
– Preprocessing techniques include three main categories:
the use of global transforms (correlation, Fourier
descriptors, etc.),
local comparison (local densities, intersections with straight
lines, variable masks, characteristic loci, etc.)
geometrical or topological characteristics (strokes, loops,
openings, diacritical marks, skeleton, etc.).
– Depending on the type of preprocessing stage, various
kinds of decision methods have been used such as:
various statistical methods,
neural networks, structural matchings (on trees, chains,
stochastic processing (Markov chains, etc.).
Handwritten Word Recognition
– Two main types of strategies have been
applied to this problem since the beginning of
research in this field:
the holistic approach - recognition is globally
performed on the whole representation of words and
there is no attempt to identify characters individually.
– The main advantage of holistic methods is that they
avoid word segmentation
the analytical approach In the first case - deal with
several levels of representation corresponding to
increasing levels of abstraction (usually the feature
level, the grapheme or pseudo-letter level and the
word level). Words are not considered as a whole,
but as sequences of smaller size units which must be
easily related to characters in order to make
recognition independent from a specific vocabulary
Lab Exercise
Go to the following site and do an
online handwriting analysis.