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Well Integrity Overview

Well Integrity what does it all mean!


Definition of Well Integrity
Well Integrity is the Design, Installation, Operation and Maintenance of all Well Equipment to a standard that ensures the Safe Containment of Produced Well Fluids & Injectants for the Life of the well.

Keep the hydrocarbons in the pipe !

Why is Well Integrity Important?


Its about the safety of people, our equipment and our business

This is what we want to avoid!


Why is Well Integrity Important?

It can help to prevent incidents like this

Integrity Drivers & Implementation


Safety Statutory regulations Internal Policy & Standards Production Reputation Technical & Performance Standards Procedures Industry Standards Vendors Procedures Knowledge , Training & Competency

Well Integrity Minimum Standards


Standard / Element No 1) Accountable Person 2) Well Operating Procedures 3) Well Intervention Procedures 4) Tubing / Casing Integrity Management 5) Xmas Tree Maintenance & Testing Policy 6) DHSV / ASV Integrity Management 7) Knowledge Management What , Where & How ? Wells Technical Authority Well Handover Process & Operate Wells Field Specific Procedures Field Specific Procedures Field Specific Procedures & Planned maintenance routines (PMRs) Field Specific Procedures & Planned maintenance routines (PMRs Drilling & Well Operations Policy

Well Construction Principles


Generally a well will consist of conductor, casing, tubing, wellhead and Christmas tree. The conductor protects the casing from seabed to platform surface, and provides a stable support for the wellhead and Christmas tree. Three or four strings of casing will be run inside the conductor, with diminishing I.Ds Typically 30 conductor. 20 Surface Casing 13.3/8 Intermediate Casing 9.5/8 Production Casing 7 Liner

Casing Design : Basic Construction


1 3 5 7 10 9 11 12 2
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 30 conductor Conductor setting depth 20 surface casing 20 shoe Cement Formation open to C annulus 13 3/8 casing Formation open to B annulus 9 5/8 production casing Liner hanger 7 Liner TD Total Depth

4 6
8

Completion Components Whats installed


1 3 5
9 5/8 Production Casing

4
6 7

8
9

10
11

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Tubing hanger (Upper annulus barrier) SC-SSSV (Sub-surface barrier) Control line Tubing (Vertical barrier) A annulus (tubing-casing) Gas lift valves (in SPMs) Expansion joint: Tubing Seal Receptacle Anchor seal assembly Production packer Packer sealing element (Lower barrier) Tailpipe WEG

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Completion Components Why?


1 3 5
9 5/8 Production Casing

Function :
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Upper annulus barrier & supports tubing Protects the surface installation Hydraulically operates the SC-SSSV Conveys hydrocarbons to surface Protects production casing from attack Permit entry of lift gas annulus to tubing Accommodates expansion / contraction Ties & seals tubing string to packer Anchors tubing string to production csg Forms lower barrier of the A annulus Allows installation of instrumentation Easy entry of production logging tools back into tailpipe

4
6 7

8
9

10
11

12

Annular Safety Valve - Gas Lift


The ASV contains large amounts of pressurised gas in the tubing-casing annulus should the well-head become damaged An 8,500 ft annulus contains large quantities of lift gas when pressured up to 1800 psi Provides annular by-pass via a hydraulically operated valve array
Lift Gas

Annular Safety Valve - Closed


ASV in Closed Position Lift gas above ASV escaped to surface following loss of surface systems integrity
Evacuated Lift Gas

Lift gas retained in A annulus below ASV

The Well Integrity Envelope


DHSVs - Regular integrity & function testing Xmas Trees - Regular Maintenance and Testing Annuli Regular monitoring & reporting

Integrity Drivers

Report and Action if set criteria do not meet expectations.

Why monitor annuli pressures ?


Definition : the area between two concentric circles a ring shaped part , figure or space

The annular voids form the principal barriers between the produced fluids and the atmosphere. By monitoring the annulus pressures we are able to assess the condition and integrity of the well tubulars. Anomalous annulus pressures may give the first indication of down hole problems although it does not automatically mean there is a leak Thermal expansion or ingress of formation fluid could also cause an increase in annulus pressure, regular sampling of annulus fluids may also be undertaken Annulus temperatures should also be considered

Annulus Monitoring - Well Start-up


C BA
A BC

Tbg

Formn

Depth

Formation

Increasing distance from tubing


Tubing, Annulus & Formation Temperature Hot Cool

Cuttings Re-Injection

Recommended Annuli Naming Convention

Example of Collapsed Tubing