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timber in internal applications

Architectural Structures

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Structure & architectural expression


The architectural expression of structure can be the key to a successful design solution. For simple structural types, the relationship between span and depth of members is a strong influence. With larger spans, architecture and structure must integrate efficiently.

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Timber in exposed structures


Timber has advantages in exposed structures.
These include: Design versatility; Ease of construction; Honesty of expression; High strength to weight ratio; Economy; and Enhanced acoustic & thermal performance. Spans over 100 m are possible
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Structural typology
post and beams beams (rafters) trusses pinned frames portal frames arches domes net & other structures

Glue laminated hardwood portal

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Natural rounds and green sawn hardwood


Natural rounds and sawn sections
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Glue laminated and sawn hardwood Natural rounds and sawn sections
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Natural round columns, and glulam beams

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Sawn and dressed hardwood post and beams


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Glue laminated posts, beams, and wall and flooring panels


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post & beam

Composite steel and timber posts with timber beams, floors and screens
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Floor joists

Glue laminated joist and wall frames. The centre infill reduces the floors deflection.
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Rafters

Closely spaced glulam rafters form the ceiling. The wind posts are painted glulam.
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Rafters

Curved glulam rafter supporting solid timber purlins

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Sawn timber and plywood trusses and longitudinal hardwood beams


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Rafters

Plywood box beam rafters on sawn timber posts

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Trusses

Tapering plywood box beam rafters, sawn timber primary trusses on hardwood posts
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Trusses

Heavy glulam trusses and roof


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Post, beams and trusses

Glulam columns, roof frame and trussed wind posts


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Trusses and girts

Glulam trussed wind posts and sawn girts


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Pinned frame

Sawn timber frames with a pipe tension tie


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Portals

LVL box beam portal Glulam portal


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Portals

Portal with curved plywood box beam rafter and sawn box posts
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Arches

Hand nailed green hardwood arches, framed as curved boxed trusses

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Arches

Curved glue laminated arches

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Arches

Bolted sawn hardwood arches


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Dome

Glulam softwood compression and steel tension dome elements


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Glulam lamella
Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Compression net structure

Curved sawn softwood


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Truss grid

Glue laminated truss grid


Architectural Structures www.timber.org.au

timber in internal applications

Architectural Structures

www.timber.org.au