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Aktiviti makmal 5w1h

Kumpulan 2 1.Oh Xue Fen 2.Tan Suk Ying 3.Hii Hui Ning 4.Hah Hoi Leng 5.Lim Sze Mun

5W 1H
1. What Apakah itu aktiviti makmal ?
Biasanya dijalankan dalam makmal sains. Satu kemestian kepada pendidikan sains untuk melatih murid-murid untuk menguasai kemahiran saintifik khususnya melalui aktiviti amali atau eksperimen.

2.When Bila sesuai untuk menjalankan aktiviti makmal seperti aktiviti eksperimen? Murid-murid tidak terus melakukan eksperimen pada permulaan sesi pembelajaran. Terdapat beberapa proses yang terlibat sebelum, semasa dan selepas murid-murid melakukan eksperimen.

Sebelum melakukan aktiviti amali atau eksperimen,murid-murid perlu memahami konsep yang terlibat,langkah-langkah amali,teknik menggunakan alat radas,aspek keselamatan dan cara pengumpulan,persembahan,penganalisisan dan perbincangan data yang diperolehi. Contohnya: a.Guru menerangkan konsep yang terlibat dan bagaimana eksperimen berkenaan dijalankan.(langkah-langkah eksperimen,aspek keselamatan,persembahan data,pembersihan) b.Sebelum memulakan eksperimen,murid-murid diberi masa untuk membaca prosedur eksperimen berkenaan.

Guru melakukan demonstrasi terutamnya bagi menunjukkan aspek-aspek khusus. Seterusnya barulah murid-murid melakukan eksperimen sama ada secara individu atau kumpulan. Data yang diperolehi kemudiannya akan dibincangkan dengan guru atau muridmurid. Murid-murid dikehendaki untuk menyediakan satu laporan bertulis tentang eksperimen yang dilakukan.

Bilakah sesuai untuk menjalankan penilaian kepada aktiviti makmal? Sepanjang proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran terutamanya semasa murid-murid menjalankan eksperimen. Guru memerhatikan sama ada muridmurid dapat menguasai kemahiran proses sains dan kemahiran manipulatif sepanjang masa murid-murid menjalankan eksperimen.

3.Who Siapakah yang menjalankan aktiviti makmal? Murid-murid. Siapakah yang membuat penilaian terhadap aktiviti makmal yang dilakukan oleh murid-murid ? Guru.

4.Where Di manakah murid-murid menjalankan aktiviti makmal? Makmal sains 5.Why Mengapakah perlu menggunakan penilaian semasa menjalankan aktiviti makmal? Supaya guru dapat mengenalpasti sama ada murid-murid dapat mengaplikasikan konsep yang dipelajari semasa menjalankan aktiviti makmal. Supaya guru dapat mengesankan pengetahuan dan kemahiran saintifik yang dikuasai oleh murid-murid.

6.How Bagaimanakah seseorang guru menjalankan penilaian terhadap aktiviti makmal? Guru boleh merujuk kepada rubrik pemarkahan semasa menjalankan PEKA sains.

Bidang yang ditaksir


Elemen 1 : Kemahiran proses sains (SPS) SPS1 memerhati SPS2 mengelas SPS3 mengukur dan menggunakan nombor SPS4 berkomunikasi SPS5 hubungan ruang dan masa SPS6 mendefinisi secara operasi SPS7 mengeksperimen

Elemen 2 : Kemahiran Manipulatif (SMS)


SMS 1 guna dan kendali peralatan dan bahan sains SMS 2 kendali spesimen bahan hidup SMS 3 lukis spesimen dan peralatan sains SMS 4- membersih peralatan sains SMS 5- menyimpan peralatan dan bahan sains

SPS 1 : OBSERVING: Observing involves the sense of sight, hearing, smell, touch and

taste to collect information of an object and phenomenon. Sometimes, observing also involves quantitative measurement. Observing is part of an investigation process which has specific aim.

SCORE
Interaction among plant

CRITERIA C1 - State the properties of objects and situations correctly using any of the five senses. - State the properties of objects and situations correctly using appropriate tools to assist the senses. - State the properties of objects and situations based on the sequences occurred. - C1and C2

REMARK Suggested Activity: Field trip Experiment Project eg. 3/1/1.1/4 3/1/1.2/1 3/1/2.1/4 3/2/6.1/1 4/1/3.2/1&2 4/1/3.4/1&2 4/1/3.5/2&5 5/1/1.1/3 6/1/1.1/1-6 6/1/1.2/1

6/1/2.1/2.12

C2

C3

2
1

- C1 or C2
- C1 or C2 (with teachers guidance)

SPS 2 : CLASSIFYING: Observing and identifying the similarities and differences between objects or phenomena and group them according to common characteristics.
SCORE
C1
Differentiate canning & pickling

CRITERIA
- Grouping objects or events in order into categories based on one common property or criteria. - State the differences and similarities of the physical properties or criteria. - State the common properties or criteria used in each step of classification. - Grouping objects or events in order into categories based on properties or criteria until the final step or the higher level. - C1, C2 and C3 - C1 and C2 - C1 with teachers guidance.

REMARK
eg. 3/1/1.1/1 3/1/1.3/1 3/1/2.3/1 3/2/1.3/1 3/2/4.1/1 4/1/2.3/9 4/3/1.1/1&11 5/1/2.2/1 5/3/1.1/1 6/1/3.1/2 6/3/1.2/2 6/3/2/2.1/1

C2

24.3.08 4 6/3/1.3/1.3.1

C3

C4

3 2 1

SPS 3 : MEASURING AND USING NUMBERS : Make quantitative observation using tools with standard unit. Measurement will make a certain observation more precise. SCORE C1 CRITERIA - Use the correct apparatus to measure quantities eg. Length, volume, mass, time , temperature and Draw apparatus speed used - Record readings using numbers and correct standard unit (SI). Draw graph/table growth of plant - State the increase and decrease in a reading. - Record readings accurately. - C1, C2 and C3 - C1 and C2 - C1 and C2 with teachers guidance. REMARK eg. 4/2/1.1/3-4 4/2/1.2/3 4/2/1.4/4&5 4/2/1.5/3&4 4/2/1.6/4&5 5/2/4.1/3 6/2/2.1/1&2

Interaction among plant

C2

4 1.2.08 3 2 1

C3

C4 6/1/2.1/2.1.2

SPS 4 : COMMUNICATING: To present ideas in various forms such as orally, written, graph, diagram, model or table. It also involves the skill to listen to other persons idea and to response to it.
SCORE C1 C2 CRITERIA - Record data or information from an investigation. - Present data or information using appropriate drawings, table or graph. - Explain ideas (oral or written). REMARK 4/1/1.2/3 4/3/1.6/2 5/2/4.1/5 5/3/1.3/1 6/1/1.2/2 6/4/1.1/3
Friction (6/2/1.3/1.3.2)

C3

C4

- Write experimental report systemically (with or without guidance)


- C1, C2 and C3

2
1

- C1 and C2
- C1 with teachers guidance.

SPS 5 : USING SPACE - TIME RELATIONSHIP : A process to explain or to show the changes in location, direction, shape and size of an object with time.

SCORE
C1

CRITERIA
- Arrange occurrence of phenomenon or events chronologically.

NOTES
5/2/3.1/4 5/4/2.1/2 6/4/1.1/3 6/4/1.2/2

C2

- State the relationship between the distance travelled and the time taken.
- State the quantity of changes based on the rate of changes. - Explain changes in location, size, shape and direction, with time. - C1, C2 and C3

C3

C4

Speed(6/2/2. 1/2.1.4) Speed(6/2/2. 1/2.1.4)

2
1

- C1 and C2
- C1 and C2 with teachers guidance.

SPS 6 : DEFINING OPERATIONALLY :

SCORE
C1

CRITERIA
- State concepts by describing what should be observed.

REMARK
5/3/2.1/1 6/1/1.2/2 6/2/1.3/7 6/3/1.2/2 6/5/1.2/2
Food spoilage(1.1/ 1.1.3)

C2

- State concepts by describing what should be done.


- State variables by describing what should be observed. - State variables by describing what should be done. - C1, C2 and either C3 or C4

C3

C4

2
1

- C1 and C2
- C1 or C2 with teachers guidance.

SPS 7 : DESIGNING A FAIR TEST/EXPERIMENTING

SCORE C1

CRITERIA - State the hypothesis (relationship between what to change and what to observe). - State the variables ie. what to change, what to observe and what to keep the same, in an experiment. - Identify the apparatus in an experiment. - State the steps in an experiment (oral or written). - Carry out an experiment to test the hypothesis by controlling variables in a coordinate manner. - Present the result in the form of drawings, table, graph or other means.

REMARK eg. 5/2/2.2/6 5/2/3.1/4 5/2/4.1/1 5/3/2.1/3 6/2/1.3/8 6/2/2.1/1


Speed(6/2/2. 1/2.1.4)

C2

C3 6 C4 C5

C6

SPS 7 : DESIGNING A FAIR TEST/EXPERIMENTING

SCORE 5 4 3 2

CRITERIA - C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 - C1, C2, C3, and C4 - C1, C2, and C3 - Any two criteria (C1, C2, C3)
Speed(6/2/2. 1/2.1.4)

REMARK

- C1 or C2 or C3 with teachers guidance

SMS 1 : USE AND HANDLE SCIENCE APPARATUS AND SUBSTANCES

SCORE
C1

CRITERIA
- Use at least five science apparatus correctly and carefully.

REMARK
Example Use ruler, hand lens, measuring cylinder, microscope, thermomet er, Bunsen burner, stop watch, test tube, stethoscope and retort stand Note: SPS and SMS can be carried together

Food spoilage(1.1/ 1.1.3)

C2

- Handle apparatus and substances correctly and carefully.


- Set up the apparatus or prepare the substances in an orderly manner. - Carry out the experiment following the correct procedure. - C1, C2 and C3

C3

C4

2
1

- C1 and C2
- C1 with teachers guidance.

SMS 2 : HANDLE LIVING AND NON LIVING SPECIMENS

SCORE
6/1/2.1/2.12 C1 Interaction among plant

CRITERIA
- Handle living specimens correctly and carefully. - Handle non-living specimens correctly and carefully. - Care for living specimens. - Use non-living specimens without waste. - C1, C2 and either C3 or C4 - C1 and C2 - C1 or C2 with teachers guidance.

REMARK
Example; Living specimen i) Young Plants ii) Insects Nonliving specimen i) stick ii) water iii) stone iv) soil

C2

C3 C4

3 2 1

SMS 3 : DRAW SPECIMENS, SCIENCE APPARUTUS AND SUBSTANCES

SCORE
C1 C2 4 C3 C4 3 2 1

CRITERIA
- Draw neatly. - Label drawings correctly. - Draw what is observed. - Draw using correct scales. - C1, C2 and C3 - C1 and C2 - C1 with teachers guidance.
Food spoilage(1.1/ 1.1.3)

REMARK
Assessed after carrying out an experiment ( fair test). Holistic and continuous assessment.

SMS 4 : CLEAN APPARATUS

SCORE
C1 C2 4 3 C3

CRITERIA
- Clean apparatus using the correct method. - Dispose waste using the correct method. - Clean apparatus (frequently). - C1, C2 Clean apparatus (sometimes). - C1 and C2 Clean apparatus (rarely). - C1 and C2 with teachers guidance.

REMARK
Assessed Food after spoilage(1.1/ 1.1.3) carrying out an experiment ( fair test). Holistic and continuous assessment.

SMS 5 : STORE SCIENCE APPARATUS AND SUBSTANCES

SCORE
C1 4

CRITERIA
- Store apparatus and substances correctly and safely.
Food spoilage(1.1/ 1.1.3)

REMARK
Assessed after carrying out an experiment ( fair test). Holistic and continuous assessment.

C2

- Store apparatus and substances correctly and safely (frequently).


- C1 and Store apparatus and substances (sometimes). - C1 and Store apparatus and substances (rarely). - C1 with teachers guidance.

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