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Power budget

MODULE 6
PREPLANNING
Dimensioning Requirements and strategy for coverage, capacity and quality PER SERVICE Network configuration Configuration Planning Node- B Configuration Antenna line configuration Power budget PER SERVICE Site selection and planning Site acquisition Pre- launch optimisation Measurements

DETAILED PLANNING
Coverage and Capacity Planning Propagation measurements Coverage prediction Load estimation Traffic distribution Planned Service and QoS definition Parameter Planning Area/cell specific Handover strategies Other RRM

POSTPLANNING
Post- launch optimisation Measurement surveys Statistical performance analysis Quality Efficiency Availability

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Module 6 Power budget


Objectives After this module the participant shall be able to: Calculate power budget for selected base station configuration

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Module Contents
Power budget calculation Power budget balance

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Module Contents
Power budget calculation Power budget balance

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Power budget
The target of the power budget calculation is to estimate the maximum allowed path loss on radio path from transmit antenna to receive antenna
The minimum Eb/N0 (and BER/BLER) requirement is achieved with the maximum allowed path loss and transmit power both in UL & DL

The maximum path loss can be used to calculate cell range R

Lpmax_UL

Lpmax_DL

R
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Power budget Calculations


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

The calculation is done for each service (bit rate) separately The power budget can be used the estimate link balance (UL vs. DL)
Limiting direction in defined conditions

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

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WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Data Rate in UL and DL depends on serv can be asymmetric

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Maximum Load needs to be defined for Dimensioning:

should not exceed 70% should be at least 30% to avoid excessive cell breathing typically higher in DL than in UL

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WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Thermal noise density:

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Theoretical background noise density Depends on temperature Thermal Noise density [dBm/Hz] is defined as:

Thermal _ Noise _ Density 10 * Log(kT)


Where: k is Boltzman's constant T is the temperature in Kelvin

in normal +20 C0 conditions the thermal noise density is -173.98 dBm/Hz Receiver Noise Figure:
Receiver performance measure; how much receiver decreases the signal C/I Requirement from specifications for BTS and MS performance

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WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Receiver Noise Density [dBm/Hz]

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Receiver noise density is the sum of the thermal noise density and the receiver noise figure. Thermal Noise density [dBm/Hz] + Receiver noise figure [dB] = Receiver Noise Density [dBm/Hz] In order to calculate the thermal Noise power of the receiver (the receiver noise floor without external interference) the receiver noise power is calculated at the WCDMA carrier bandwidth.

receiver noise power [dBm] =


=Receiver Noise Density [dBm/Hz] + 10log10(3.84*106)= =-170.98 + 65.84 = -105.14 dBm
Required Eb/N0 Soft handover MDC gain Interference margin

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Required Eb/N0
When Eb/N0 is selected, it has to be known in which conditions it is defined (select closest Eb/N0 value to the prevailing conditions if available)
Service and bearer
Bit rate, BER requirement, channel coding

Radio channel
Doppler spread (Mobile speed, frequency) Multipath, delay spread

Receiver/connection configuration
Handover situation Fast power control status Diversity configuration (antenna diversity, 2-port, 4-port)

Some corrections have to be done in the power budget in case the conditions do not correspond the used Eb/N0
Soft handover MDC gain Power control gain Fast fading margin

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Soft Handover MDC Gain UL


Macro Diversity Combining (MDC) gain gives the Eb/N0 improvement in soft handover situation compared to single link connection In UL the MDC gain is 0 dB
Significant amount of diversity already exist
2-port UL antenna diversity, multipath diversity (Rake)

The graph includes both Softer and Soft Handover (however it is not possible to see those gains separately)
Soft Handover combining is done at RNC level by using just selection combining (based on frame selection)
Softer Handover combining is done at the BTS by using maximal ratio combining

In case of more than 2 connections - no more gain (compared to case of two branches)

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Soft Handover MDC Gain UL


Dynamic Simulator Result for 2 branches
Tx power, uplink 2 SHO MDC gain (dB) 1.5 1 0.5 0 -0.5 0 5 10

Soft HO Combining Softer HO Combining


(including softer combining gain for the other branch)

Difference between the SHO links (dB) MS speed 3km/h MS speed 20km/h MS speed 50km/h MS speed 120km/h

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Soft Handover MDC Gain DL


In DL there is some combining gain (about 1dB) due to UE maximal ratio combining
soft and softer handovers included
from MS point there is no difference between soft and softer handover

average is calculated over all the connections taking into account the average difference of the received signal branches (and UE speed)
40% of the connections in soft handover or in softer handover and 60% no soft handover taking into account the effect multiple transmitters combination of dynamic simulator results and static planning tool

in case more than 2 connections - no more gain (compared to case of two branches)

In edge of the cell a 3 4 dB MDC gain can be seen on required DL Eb/N0 in SHO situations compared to single link reception
Combination of 2 3 signals

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Soft Handover MDC Gain DL


Dynamic Simulator Result for 2 branches
Total DL Tx power of all branches 2

SHO MDC gain (dB)

1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 0 5 10

Soft HO

Softer HO
Difference between the SHO links (dB) MS speed 3km/h MS speed 20km/h MS speed 50km/h MS speed 120km/h

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Interference Margin
Interference margin is calculated from the UL/DL loading () values
From set maximum planned load

"sensitivity" is decreased due to the network load (subscribers in the network) & in UL indicates the loss in Power budget due to load.
IMargin [dB] 20

IMargin = 10 Log10 1

dB

10 6 3 1.25 25%
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50%

75%

99%

Load factor

WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Required Signal power is the required


lowest signal strength that is needed for that particular service and load.
Required signal power = Receiver Noise power + required Ec/I0 - Interference Margin + MDC gain

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Cable Loss Benefit of using MHA

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Cable loss
Cable loss is the sum of all signal losses caused by the antenna line outside the base station cabinet
Jumper losses
Feeder cable loss MHA insertion loss in DL when MHA is used
Typical 0.5 dB

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Benefit of using MHA


MHA can be used to improve the base station system noise figure in UL The benefit achieved by using MHA equals to the noise figure improvement The benefit of using MHA depends on the cable loss, for example
When Lcable < 5 dB: Benefit of using MHA > Cable loss When Lcable > 5 dB: Benefit of using MHA < Cable loss Calculated with Nokia MHA (G = 12 dB, NF = 2 dB) and base station NF = 3 dB

Common assumption is to equal the benefit to the cable loss

Note MHA insertion loss for DL

vs.

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WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Body loss: this parameter describes the


additional loss in power budget. The loss is usually used for speech services where the UEs antenna is often shadowed by the user's head. For data services the body loss can be set to 0dB, because in this case the UE is normally not close to the body. Soft handover gain Fast fading margin

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Soft Handover Gain


(Gain Against Slow Fading)

Soft handover gain is the gain against shadow fading. This is roughly the gain of a handover algorithm, in which the best BTS can always be chosen (based on minimal transmission power of MS) against a hard handover algorithm based on geometrical distance.
In reality the SHO gain is a function of required coverage probability and the standard deviation of the signal for the environment. The gain is also dependent on whether the user is outdoors, where the likelihood of multiple servers is high, or indoors where the radio channel tends to be dominated by a much smaller number of serving cells.
For indoors users the recommendation is to use smaller SHO gain value

Soft handover gain can be understood also as reduction of Slow Fading Margin (See Cell range estimation)

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Soft Handover Gain


(Gain Against Slow Fading)

RNC

Typical average value of the Soft Handover Gain is between 2 and 3 dB


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Fast fading margin


Fast fading margin is used as a correction factor for Eb/N0 at the cell edge, when the used Eb/N0 is defined with fast power control
At the cell edge the UE does not have enough power to follow the fast fading dips

In DL fast fading margin is not usually applied due to lower power control dynamic range
Fast fading margin = (average received Eb/N0) without fast PC - (average received Eb/N0) with
fast PC

Channel: Pedestrian A; antenna diversity assumed

Speed 2.7 km/h 11 km/h 22 km/h 54 km/h 130 km/h


Source: Radio Network Planning & Optimisation for UMTS; J. Laiho, A. Wacker, T. Novosad; Tab. 4.11

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Fast fading margin

MS moving towards the cell edge


25
dB

20 15 10 20 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

dBm

10 0 -10 1.5 1 0.5 0 -0.5 15 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

Mobile transmission power starts hitting its maximum value Received quality degrades, more frame errors Eb/N0 target increases fast

dB

10 5

0.5

1.5

2 Seconds

2.5

3.5

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WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Isotropic power is the minimum power


needed for certain service in order to fulfil the Eb/No requirement for that service
Isotropic power = Receiver sensitivity + cable loss MHA benefit + body loss - antenna gain - soft handover gain + + fast fading margin

Power per connection

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Power per connection (DL)


The maximum downlink transmit power for each connection is defined by the RNC admission control functionality
Vendor specific

In Nokia RAN the maximum DL power depends on


Connection bit rate Service Eb/N0 requirement (internal RNC info) CPICH transmit power and group of other RNC parameters

Actual available DL power depends on maximum total BTS TX power, DL traffic amount and distribution over the cell (All users share same amplifier) Example values with 2 W (33 dBm) CPICH power and default Nokia RNC parameters Service Type Downlink bit rate Maximum transmit power per connection
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Speech CS Data 12.2 34.2 64 37.2

PS Data 64 37.2 128 40.0 384 40.0 kbps dBm

WCDMA Power budget


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Peak EIRP is the maximum transmitted power


after the antenna.
Peak EIRP = power per connection - cable losses body loss + antenna gain
EIRP = Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power

Isotropic path loss: Maximum path loss


between the transmitting and receiving antenna is calculated for UL and DL separately.
Isotropic path loss UL = Peak EIRP - isotropic power

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Module Contents
Power budget calculation Power budget balance

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WCDMA Power budget UL/DL balance


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Power budget can be used to see the power budget balance, whether UL or DL is limiting the cell range

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

Power balance depends on cell load conditions


With high traffic level DL load is usually higher due to higher Eb/N0 requirement DL limited power budget

With low traffic level UL is usually limiting du to higher DL power per connection UL limited power budget

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Power budget balance High vs. low load


Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 50% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 80%

Link budget Chip rate 3840.00 UL Data rate 12.20 UL Load 5% 4 Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro DL data rate DL load 12.20 10%

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 3.0 7.0 dB -17.6 -11.1 dBm -122.7 -111.2 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -142.7 -110.2 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 160.7 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 159.6 DL Limited!

RECEIVING END Thermal Noise Density Receiver Noise Figure Receiver Noise Density Noise Power at receiver [NoW] Reguired Eb/No Soft handover MDC gain Processing gain Interference margin Required Ec/Io at receiver Receiver Sensitivity Cable loss Benefit of using MHA Body loss Antenna gain RX Soft handover gain Fast fading margin Isotropic power TRANSMITTING END Power per connection Cable loss Body loss Antenna gain TX Peak EIRP Isotropic path loss

Uplink Downlink BS MS dBm/Hz -174.0 -174.0 dB 3.0 8.0 dBm/Hz -171.0 -166.0 dBm -105.1 -100.1 dB 4.4 7.9 dB 0.0 1.0 dB 25.0 25.0 dB 0.2 0.5 dB -20.4 -17.6 dBm -125.5 -117.8 dB 3.0 0.0 dB 3.0 n/a dB n/a 3.0 dBi 18.0 0.0 dB 2.0 2.0 dB 0.0 0.0 dBm -145.5 -116.8 MS dBm dB dB dBi dBm dB 21.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 18.0 163.5 BS 34.4 3.0 n/a 18.0 49.4 166.2 UL limited!

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Power budget for different services


Power budget has to be calculated for each service separately Examples with
NRT data services with 2 dBi UE antenna gain and no body loss 50 % UL load and 80 % DL load

Service

Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro Voice 12.2 kbit/s, 120 km/h, Macro NRT 64 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro NRT 64 kbit/s, 120 km/h, Macro NRT 64/128 kbit/s 3 km/h, Macro NRT 64/128 kbit/s 120 km/h, Macro NRT 64/384 kbit/s, 3 km/h, Macro NRT 64/384 kbit/s, 120 km/h, Macro

UL PathLoss DL PathLoss 158.9 158.9 159.7 159.4 157.1 160.6 158.0 161.1 157.1 158.7 158.0 159.2 157.1 153.8 158.0 154.3

Limitation UL limited DL limited UL limited UL limited UL limited UL limited DL limited DL limited

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Module 6 Power budget


Summary Power budget calculation involves many estimates and

assumptions Educated guess

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