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SMK LUI BARAT (F) Bandar Seri Jempol N.S.D.

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PERSIAPAN AKHIR MATAPELAJARAN KIMIA SPM TAHUN 2010 Oleh : En. Shaik Abdul Rahim Bin Shaik Akbar SMK Bandar Baru Serting (F)

PENGENALAN DIRI..
Nama : En. Shaik Abdul Rahim Bin Shaik Akbar Pendidikan: Sarjana Muda Kejuruteraan Kimia Gas (Hons), UTM Diploma Pendidikan (Hons), MPRM, Seremban 2. SMK Tambunan, Sabah (2006-2007) 3. SMK Bandar Baru Serting (F) (2008 Skrg) Perkhidmatan: 1. SM Saint Anthony Tenom, Sabah (2002-2005)

Pengalaman Mengajar Kimia : 2002 Hingga Sekarang ( 9 Tahun)


Pengalaman Tambahan:1. Bekas Jurutera QC (Melaka) 2. Penggubal Soalan Kimia SPM Tahun 2003 bersama LPM ( Sabah) 3. Pentaksir Kawasan PEKA KIMIA (Sabah) 4. Penceramah ETEMS Kimia (Sabah) 5. Pengawas Peperiksaan SPM ( Tahun 2008 & 2009 )

Tambahan XXXXL
1. Mencatat Rekod Kebangsaan (Rujuk Malaysia Book Of Records) 2. Mencatat Sejarah Untuk Jabatan

Kereta Api Sabah. (Rujuk Sabah Times)


3. Pernah Muncul dalam TV3 & RTM & Berita Harian & Sabah Times & Daily Express, RTM Radio Sabah 4. Wartawan Sambilan Sabah Times 5. Pegawai Penjaga Belia BSMM Daerah Jempol (NGO) 6. Menerima Sijil Kepujian BSMM dari TYT Sabah (2006) 7. Tarik Tali Peringkat Kebangsaan ( 4 Tahun) 8. Bekas Pelajar Sastera (SMK Bahau )

9. Layari Blog Untuk Tambahan http:// shaiksar.blogspot.com

TOPIK PERBINCANGAN KITA HARI INI ..

1. Flash Back Isi Kandungan Silibus Kimia 2. Tips Skor A Chemistry

3. Tips-tips Peperiksaan Matapelajaran Kimia Tahun 2010


4. Motivasi Diri

PANDANGAN MATAPELAJARAN KIMIA DI KALANGAN PELAJAR


(Dapatan Data melalui Pengalaman)
TAHAP MINAT:MINAT : 40% (Pelajar yang mempunyai matlamat berdasarkan pilihan kerjaya pada masa akan datang) TIDAK MINAT : 60%

( Pelajar yang tidak jelas masa hadapan dari segi karier kerjaya dan kebanyakkan mereka adalah pemberi alasan yang baik)
TAHAP KESUKARAN:SENANG : 20% (Pelajar yang menguasai dan melengkapkan diri sepenuhnya dengan ilmu Kimia) SUKAR: 80% (Pelajar yang membuat persiapan ala kadar sahaja dan menipu diri sendiri)

5 PERKARA YANG WAJIB BAGI MENGUASAI MATAPELAJARAN KIMA

1. Pelajar Mesti Mencintai Matapelajaran Kimia 2. Pelajar Mesti Mencintai Cikgu Kimia 3. Pelajar Mesti Mempunyai Buku Rujukan atau Buku Nota Lengkap 4. Pelajar Mesti Menghasilkan Nota Peribadi Sendiri 5. Pelajar Mesti Memiliki dan Membuat Soalan-Soalan Kimia Yang Lepas ( 5 Tahun Kebelakangan)

UJI DIRI ????

Tuliskan tajuk kimia dari sukar kepada senang ..

(14 Chapter semuanya)

Flash Back Isi Kandungan Silibus Kimia

FORM 4 1. Introduction to Chemistry 2. The Structure of The Atom 3. Chemical Formulae and Equations 4. Periodic Table of Elements 5. Chemical Bonds 6. Electrochemistry

FORM 5 1. Rate of Reaction 2. Carbon Compounds 3. Oxidation And Reduction 4. Thermochemistry 5. Chemicals for Consumers

7. Acids and Bases


8. Salts 9. Manufactured Substances in industry

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 1 (Introduction to Chemistry) 1. Steps involved in scientific method (Inference, hypothesis, variables, planning an experiment, collecting data, interpreting data) 2. General format report writing (Aim, hypothesis, variables, materials, apparatus, procedure, collecting data, interpreting data, conclusion) Chapter 2 (The Structure of The Atom) 1. Matter (Solid, liquid , Gas, Element, Compound, Atom, Molecule, Ion)

2. The Kinetic Theory of Matter and the change of state of matter


3. Experiment Melting and Freezing points of naphthalene (Heating and Cooling Graph) 4. Development of Atomic Models ( Dalton, JJ Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, Neil's Bohr, James Chadwick) 5. Sub-atomic Particles ( Protons, Neutrons and Electrons) 6. Proton Number an Nucleon number 7. Isotopes (Meaning and important in daily life) 8. Electronic structure of an atom

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 3 (Chemical Formulae and Equations)
1. RAM/RMM ( Kaedah Mengira) 2. Relationship between Mole and Number of Particles (NA, Mole and Mass (Molar Mass), Mole and Volume (Molar Volume STP and Room Temperature) 3. Chemical Formula (Empirical Formula, Relationship Empirical formula an Molecular formula, How to determining Empirical formula, Form chemical formula based on cation and anion table) 4. Chemical Equations (Balance equations and problem solving)

Chapter 4 (Periodic Table of Elements)


1. Histrorical development of the Periodic Table ( Antoine Lavoisier, Johann W. Dobereiner, John Newlands, Lothar Meyer, Dmitri Mendeleev and Henry J.G. Moseley) 2. Group 18, Group 1, Group 17, Elements n periods and transition elements ( Study about Physical and Chemical properties and uses, special physical properties)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 5 (Chemical Bonds) 1. Formation of chemical bonds ( Ionic bonds and covalent bonds)

2. Ionic Bonds (Transferring electrons, formation of ionic bonds termasuk gambar rajah struktur)
3. Covalent Bonds (Sharing Electrons, formation of covalent bonds termasuk gambar rajah struktur, {single, double and triple covalent bond}) 4. The properties of ionic and covalent compounds (Physical and uses)

Chapter 6 (Electrochemistry)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Electrolysis of molten condition ( Anode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall reaction) Example : Electrolysis of Molten Lead(II) Bromide Electrolysis of Aqueous (Anode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall reaction, Factor effect the type f elements selectively discharged at the electrode { ES, Concentration, Types of electrode}) Electrolysis in industries ( Extraction, Purification and electroplating of elements- Anode and Cathode, Half reaction and overall reaction) Voltaic cells (Daniell cell {salt bridge or porous pot}, Dry Cell, advantages and disadvantages of various voltaic cells) Comparison between electrolysis cell and voltaic cell Electrochemical series (Potential differents of different voltaic cells)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 7 (Acids and Bases) 1. 2. 3. 4. Acids, Bases and Alkalis (Meaning and Examples, Uses, Physical and Chemical properties of acids and alkalis) Strength of acids and alkalis ( pH scale using universal indicator and pH meter, strong and weak acids and alkalis) Concentrations of Acids and Alkalis ( Concentration {g/dm3} and molarity formula{mole/dm3}, relationship between concentration and molarity formula) Neutralisation process ( Asid Base titration experment, Calculation involving neutralisation {n=MV/1000, n=MV and MaVa/MbVb = a/b)

Chapter 8 (Salts) 1. Salts (What is salts, uses of salts, Soluble and insoluble salts and preparation and purification of soluble and insoluble salts) 2. Constructing ionic equations (Solving problem involving stoichiometric reactions) 3. Qualitative Analysis of salts (Way to identify cations and anions present in salt by doing a series of chemical tests on a salt sample) 4. Qualitative Analysis Methods ( Analysing is colour and physical appearance, analysing its solubility, Analysing of gases released, Analysing action of heat, Analysing chemical test { Anion and cation test})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 4 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 9 (Manufactured subtances in industry)
1. Sulphuric Acid (uses, Manufacture {contact process}) 2. Ammonia ( uses, physicals and chemical properties, Manufacture { Haber process) 3. Alloys ( meaning, {composition, properties and uses of alloys}) 4. Synthetic Polymers (meaning of polymers and polymerisation, natural polymer and synthetic polymers) 5. Glass and ceramics ( Meaning of glass ,{Composition, properties and uses of various types of glasses Fused Glass/Soda Lime Glass/ Borosilicate Glass and Lead Crystal Glass}) / Ceramics (made, properties, uses and special ceramics) 6. Composit Materials ( Meanng, Composit materials , components and uses { Reinforced concrete/Superconductor/Optic Fiber and Photochromic})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 1 (Rate of Reaction)

1. Meaning of rate of reaction (Amount reactant used up or amount of product obtained / time taken)
2. Measuring Rate of Reaction ( {Volume of gas, Colour analysing, Formation of precipitates}, Solving problems) 3. Factors affecting the rate of reaction ( Surface area, Concentration of reactant, Pressure, Temperature of reaction and catalyst)/ ( relationship between factor affecting and rate of reaction experiment and their conclusion) 4. Collision Theory ( Meaning, Effective collision, Activation Energy and energy profile diagram {exothermic and endothermic reaction})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)


Chapter 2 (Carbon Compounds) 1. 2. 3. 4. Carbon Compounds ( organic and inorganic compounds, Hydrocarbons {saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons}, Examples) Alkanes ( General formula, naming alkanes, Molecular and structural formula, physicals and chemicals properties {Substitution or halogenation and combustion reactions) Alkenes (General formula, naming alkenes, Molecular and structural formula, physicals and chemicals properties {hydrogenation, halogenation and combustion reactions) Homologous series ( Characteristics of homologous series { members have same general formula, members have same chemical properties, members prepared with same method, physical properties gradually change with increased of carbon atoms.

5.
6. 7.

Isomerism ( Meaning, Naming isomer)


Alcohols ( General formula, naming alcohols, isomerism in alcohols, hydration of ethene and fermentation of sugar, physical and chemical properties {combustion, oxidation and dehydration, uses and effect of alcohols) Carboxylic Acids ( General formula, Naming, preparation f ethanoic acid, physical and chemical properties of ethanoic acid {neutralisation, estrification reaction}, uses)

8.
9.

Esters ( General formula, naming, preparation of ethyl ethanoate, uses)


Fats ( Importance, sources and uses, Different between oils and fats, saturated and unsaturated fats, conversion of unsaturated to saturated fats {hydrogenation process}, effects on health, extraction of palm oil { sterilization, stripping, digestion, pressing and purification}, advantages of palm oil, importance palm oil to our country)

10. Natural rubber ( properties, uses, coagulations of latex , vulcanization of rubber, properties of vulcanised and unvulcanised rubber)

Chapter 3 (Oxidation and Reduction) 1. Redox reactions ( gain or loss of oxygen, gain or loss of hydrogen, change in oxidation number, transfer of electrons { oxidizing and reducing agent})

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)

2. Types of redox reactions ( changing iron (II) {bromine water} to iron (III) {zinc powder}and vice versa, Displacement of metals from solution of their salts {ES}, Displacement of hydrogen {reactive metals reac with water and less reactive metals react with steam to give hydrogen gas}, Displacement of halogen { F2>Cl2>Br2>I2 } and transfer f electrons at a distance)
3. Rusting as a redox reaction (oxidation and reduction process, preventing of rusting {painting, galvanization plating iron with chromium}} 4. Reactivity series of metals and its application (reactivity of metals with oxygen and hydrogen {kedudukan karbon ditentukan dengan memanaskan karbon dengan oksida logam manakala kedudukan hidrogen dengan alirkan gas hidrogen kering ke atas oksida logam panas} 5. Extracting metals from their ores ( fahamkan proses pengestrakan besi dan timah dari bijih) 6. Electrolytic and chemical cells ( oxidation, reduction and redox reaction cara menulis persamaan setengah)

Chapter 4 (Thermochemistry)

Flash Back Chapter FORM 5 (Perkara Yang perlu difokus)

1. Chemical reaction (Exothermic and endothermic reaction, energy level diagram, energy changes and formation of chemical bonds, application of exothermic and endothermic reaction {hot pack and cold pack}) 2. Heat of precipitation ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)

3. Heat of displacement ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)


4. Heat of neutralization ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving) 5. Heat of combustion ( meaning, calculation, Problem solving)

Chapter 5 (Chemical for consumers)


1. Soap and Detergent ( meaning, saponification process, preparation of soap and detergent, cleansing action of soaps and detergents, additives in detergents, the effectiveness of soaps and detergens as cleansing agents, tolong lihat beza antara soft water dan hard water) Food Additives ( Preservaties { meaning, exmples and uses}, Antioxidants { meaning, exmples and uses}, Flavouring Agents { meaning, exmples and uses}, Stabilizers and thickening agents { meaning, exmples and uses}, and Dyes { meaning, exmples and uses}, effect to human helth) Medicines ( Traditional and modern medicines and their uses {Analgesics, Antibiotics and Psychotherapeutic drugs}, side effects of medicines)

2.

3.

(Kaji Soalan Kertas 1/Kertas 2 dan Kertas 3)

Scoring 1A in SPM Chemistry

HOW to SCORED in SPM CHEMISTRY ????

You should start revising each and every chapter in the syllabus now. How? Follow these tips:
* * * * Master basic but important concepts Memorize important facts and processes Practice past-year SPM papers Practice all trial papers

Master basic but important concepts..

You must at least know how to write correct chemical equation Do simple calculation

Understand basic chemical concept likes Mole Concept.


Master all the calculations

Memorize important facts and processes.

Memorize the colours of chemical substances Understand the salt preparation process

Understand each concept and fact before you start memorizing them

Practise past-year SPM papers.


Past-year SPM questions will repeat from time to time because of the limited scope covered in SPM Chemistry syllabus Practice makes perfect Try every question and learn from your mistakes For essay questions, get the marking schema from your teachers so that you can see how the marks are allocated and which points or keywords deserve full mark, etc. Learning from the essay marking schemas is a highly effective method!

Practise all trial papers..

After SPM trial examinations, try to get other states SPM trial papers and practise them Try Maktab Rendah Sains Mara (MRSM) SPM trial papers too! Sometimes, one or more exact or similarquestions will come out in the actual SPM Chemistry paper.

Conclusion

You have to study and understand every chapter carefully You won get 1A if you have read only a few topics and focus on o Like it or not, read-understand-memorize all topics is the only way to guarantee a 1A in SPM Chemistry. nly certain chemical concepts

RAMALAN KIMIA TAHUN 2010

MOTIVASI

SEKIAN TERIMA KASIH..