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7.

5 Respiration in Plant

Energy Requirement in Plant

The intake of O2 by plants for respiration

No specialised organ for gaseous exchange take in O2 through leaves, stems and roots. Gaseous exchange by diffusion through stomata and lenticels.

An open stomata (presence of light)

Each stomata :
-Consist of a pore

-2 guard cells (large no. of chloroplast) -Photosyntesis takes place

Lenticels
-Raised pores found on the stems and roots

-Cells around it are arranged loosely to allow diffusion of gases

When stomata are open, they connect air spaces within inside the leaf and environment. Air space are continuous with those stems and roots. O2 from atmosphere diffuses into the air spaces and then dissolves in the film of water around the mesophyll cells. Aerobic respiration takes place. Concentration gradient: cell , air spaces =allow O2 diffuse continuously

During the day, CO2 from aerobic resp. is used in photosynthesis The excess CO2 diffuses into the air spaces and then atm. Aerobic resp. is usually carried out by all plants throughout the day & night Anaerobic resp = for short period e.g : during flooding, survive for several days when completely submerged in water

Respiration & Photosynthesis in plants


Dependent on each other Photosynthesis produced raw materials for resp, and resp produced raw materials for photosynthesis Presence of light = photosynthesis No light = respiration

THE REGULATORY MECHANISM IN RESPIRATION

THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTAINING A HEALTHY RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

RESPIRATION IN PLANTS
Although plants cannot photosynthesise without sunlight, respiration continues because plants need energy constantly for living processes. Gaseous exchange between plants cells & the environment occurs by diffusion mainly through the stomata (in the epidermis of the leaves & stem of herbaceous plants) & lenticels (pores found on the stems & roots of plants). Aerobic respiration is usually carried out by all plants throughout the day & night. Anaerobic respiration is carried out by plants under certain condition for short period. - in a floods when plants completely submerged in water. - rice plants in water logged paddy field - during the initial stage of seed germination (in airtight seed coat)

NIGHT photosynthesis does not take place, only respiration. CO2 is released into the atmosphere.

LOW INTENSITY
rate of photosynthesis = rate of respiration. exchange of gases occur in the leaves.

HIGH INTENSITY rate of photosynthesis is higher than the rate of respiration. CO2 is taken in from the atmosphere & O2 is released into the atmosphere.

Comparison between photosynthesis & respiration


PHOTOSYNTHESIS
1.
2.

RESPIRATION
1.
2.

3.

4.

5. 6. 7.

8.

Occurs in all green plant Stores energy Water & carbon dioxide as raw materials. Glucose & oxygen as products Light energy is required Takes place in the chloroplasts Presence of chlorophyll is required CO2+water sunlight chlorophyll glucose + water + oxygen

3.

4.

5. 6. 7.

8.

Occurs in all living organisms Releases energy Glucose & oxygen as raw materials. Energy, water & CO2 as products Light energy is nor needed Takes place in the mitochondria Presence of chlorophyll is not required O2 + glucose CO2 + water + energy