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KOMPETENSI MENULIS DALAM UN

MENYUSUN KATA-KATA MENJADI

KALIMAT.

PEMAHAMAN KALIMAT

Apa yang harus diketahui

agar anda bisa menyusun kata-kata menjadi kalimat? Apa yang anda pahami tentang kalimat kalimat bahasa Inggris?

Sentences classified by intent


Statements :

>affirmative ( e.g Tomo is a student) >Negative (e.g Tomo does not like fishing) Questions: >yes-no questions (e.g Did Tomo go to your house last night?) > Tag questions (e.g Tom lives near here, doesnt he?) > Information questions (e.g Why do they come here for?) Exclamations (e.g what a man!)

Sentence classified by clause type


Simple sentence Compound sentence Complex sentence

Compound complex sentence

Simple sentences
Examples:

>This is a book >The three girls are swimming now >Some of the students have read several of the books. >The big red book on the table in front of the window in the corner of the living room has a very good short story about an Indonesian policeman on a boat near Medan ten years ago. >He and I work together >John, Paul and Bill buy, cook, and eat breakfast and dinner together.

Compound sentences
A compound sentence consists of two or more independent

clauses which are joined together by a semicolon (;), coma(,) or a coordinate conjunction Example: >This is the wrong book; that is the right one. > I am studying, and he is reading. > John has finished the lesson, but Tom has not begun it yet. > She is watching TV, but her brother is reading. > Are you studying, or are you just reading? > I am not studying, nor am I reading. > He never goes to the movies, nor does he listen to the radio. > I looked at the dress, and I bought it. > Sheila is here, but she must leave soon.

Complex sentence
A complex sentence consists of one independent

clause and one or more dependent clauses. The dependent clauses may be noun clause, adjective clauses or adverb clauses Examples: >What happened made the boy cry. >The problem is that we do not have much money. > I will introduce you to Amin, who is the best student in our school. >I used to live in the village before I moved here

Compound complex sentence


It is like a complex sentence except that it has two or

more independent clauses. Examples: >When the air is very dry, the days are hot; but the nights are cool.

Some other types of sentences


Quotation (kutipan) Imperative (bentuk perintah)

Sentences with quotations:


Direct quotation

Examples: >He said, I write for newspapers. >I write for newspapers, he said, and sometimes I write for magazines, too. Indirect quotation Example: >She said that she liked that dress.

Imperative sentences
The imperative mood commands or asks someone to

do something. It is always in the present tense. The subject is almost always you, but it is generally omitted. If it is a command, it is often said rather loudly, and in writing ends in an exclamation mark. Example: >Please help me. >lend me your eraser, please. > Tell Anna that information when you meet her.

Gee! Repot amat ya mengahadapi UN

Ya ialah masa ia dong Grobak aja didorong bukan digendong