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First Movement: Music History 450AD-1969

presented by Christian Berdahl

Music serves a purpose!

Messages to Young People 291

The history of the songs of the Bible is full of suggestion as to the uses and benefits of music and song. rightly employed, it is a precious gift of God, designed to uplift the thoughts to high and noble themes, to inspire and elevate the soul.

Tower of Babel
Pagan Worship of Baal or the Sun God before and after flood When people scattered they took with them pagan sun worship or the worship of the true Creator God Pagan worship remains in many forms and is still practiced today

Medieval/Middle Ages 450-1450 Beginning of basic system of musical notation Beginning of polyphony Music was integral part of worship both pagan and christian


appeared in 1180 called themselves minnesingers or singers about love performed primarily for nobility typically accompanied by a stringed instrument sang about chivalry and courtly love

Renaissance 1450-1600
Means Rebirth: Many changes in the way music was created Composers concerned themselves with three areas of music: sacred, secular and instrumental

Renaissance 1450-1600
All similar in nature and shared: smooth, gentle rhythms and melodies with balanced phrases

Baroque 1600-1750
Means Bizarre Musicians embraced idea that music could move the listener in a real and physical way


The Four Seasons 1725


Handels Messiah 1741

1640 in America:
The Bay Psalm Book was printed. The first hymn book in British Colonial America.

Classical 1750-1800
Piano was the primary instrument used by composers Music began to be seen as an innocent luxury

Francis Hopkinson
Was a signer of the Declaration of Independence Helped design the American Flag
One of the first "American" composers

Francis Hopkinson
1759 wrote "My Days Have Been So Wonderous Free" It was included in a collection of songs dedicated to his close friend, George Washington

Produces his third
symphony, Eroica

This piece marks the

beginning of the Romantic Period

Romantic 1800-1900 Characterized by using music to tell a story or express ideas Some big shifts were happening: Nature was seen in a less idealized way than before

Romantic 1800-1900 It was less a model of perfection and more a source of mysterious powers

Charles Darwin

This began to really change the thinking

1800s in America
Slaves from Africa were sold to white merchants in North America They brought with them from Africa, their ritualistic religious practices known as voodoo, heavily wrapped around tribal drums

Latin America

Native America






1800s in America
The drums were not accepted by protestants and the slaves were forbidden to use them

Congo Square
In 1817, in the heart of New Orleans, this became the gathering place for slaves It was here that ritual African music underwent an interesting metamorphosis

John H. Steele
The follower of Voodoo seeks to incorporate a LOA (lesser god) into himself by writhing and leaping through a dance, while drums bang out complex rhythms.

World of the Unexplained 1977, p 9,10

John H. Steele
When just the right rhythm is found for an individual LOA, the dancer takes it up, and the LOA enters his soul. The religion is strictly Dionysian (sensual)..."

World of the Unexplained 1977, p 9,10

Michael Venture
To tribal peoples, religious worship is seen as a bodily celebration. This is why the rhythm/beat in their worship music is so accentuated. The goal of African religions is to experience with their bodies, the crossroads of the physical and the spiritual worlds.
Hear That Long Snake Moan by Michael Venture, p 32

Richard Hodges
Each percussive or vocal part has a slightly different rhythm, which coincides with and sometimes crosses the other rhythms, or the guiding pulse, at strategic moments.

Richard Hodges
The drummers often shuffle their feet or sway their bodies in dance like motions to assist them in maintaining contact with the main beat, especially when the rhythm is syncopated.

Richard Hodges
During these rituals that still take place in the Congo and Yorubaland, the intricate layers of the multiple rhythmic drumming are considered the primary source of occult power.

Actual Voodoo Samples from old to modern.

A Voodoo Priestess from Brazil...

The rhythm is more important than the meaning of the words... Our Gods respond to the rhythm among all else.
African Rhythm and Sensuality

Psychology Today
Musical rhythms affect both our hearts and our brains. One road to arousing a range of agitated feelings tense, excited, sometimes sexual is through pronounced and insistent rhythms
Psychology Today, Dec 1985, p 54

Psychology Today
artfully used to heighten the sexual tensiondrumming may produce these powerful effects by actually driving the brains electrical rhythms.

Psychology Today, Dec 1985, p 54

Michael Venture
In the tribal ceremonies, there was no audience; everyone became a participant, but in Congo Square, African music was put into a Western form of presentation.
Hear That Long Snake Moan by Michael Venture, p 38

Michael Venture
Now, the religious African element, still present, became a secret within the music rather than the object of the music.
Hear That Long Snake Moan by Michael Venture, p 38

Michael Venture
Because the visible elements of ritual worship were now hidden, a much wider audience could accept African music.
Hear That Long Snake Moan by Michael Venture, p 38

In the 1840s
A lot of Africans started turning to Christ and were allowed to have their own churches Some turned away from drums completely, others incorporated them into their new faith

In the 1840s
They would sing the same hymns as the caucasians but with shouting and beating out counter rhythms on tambourines, gourds and logs Eventually bringing about the holy flesh movement Congregants still sought for possession only now it was called the Holy Ghost

Moody & Sankey

Amazing Grace

Thomas Edison invented sound recording in 1877

20th Century 1900-2000

Artists started using technology to enhance their compositions Modern popular music was just coming to life, especially in America

Aleister Crowley

Founded the religious philosophy of Thelema Wrote the Book of the Law States, Do What Thou Wilt Shall Be the Whole of the Law.

Aleister Crowley
Included in his book Ideas from the occult, Yoga, East & Western mysticism especially Kabala

Aleister Crowley
Included in his book Expressed views about sex that were radical Stated he, "was in revolt against the moral and religious values of his time"

Aleister Crowley
Father of modern day Satanism He was denounced by the popular press of his day as, the wickedest man in the world

Aleister Crowley
He desired to use music to bring on the new age Desired to use an army of youth to indoctrinate with Do What Thou Wilt

Crowley taught that one could become, a genius in music, through practicing his Satanism.

Robert Johnson

Often considered the first bluesman in the chain ultimately leading to Rock n Roll Experienced what Crowley said in his life Many of his songs refer to his personal deal he made with the Devil

Johnson wrote...
Everyone knows you make a deal with the devil down at the crossroads. He literally sold his soul to the devil for success

Friends and colleagues

shared that for the balance of his life he was a tormented soul

The Blues music that came out of Congo Square glorified...

drinking gambling drugs depravity womanizing violence

Ministers and pastors warned their congregants not to listen to it Many heeded the warning: even some bluesman were convinced

Legendary blues picker Gary Davis refused to play the blues after he was ordained as a reverend The blues was looked upon as the devils music

Robert Johnson
He said, referring to the blues:

This sound, my music, did something to women that caused them to do stuff I didnt even understand, but I liked it.

20th Century

The amorphous black folk music

of the South was shaping into some of the great musical styles of the 20th century; blues and jazz Lively tin-pan alley tradition of white pop was developed by Irving Berlin American popular music began to spread abroad

In 1947 Crowley Dies

But his Satanism lives on and becomes immortalized.

In 1947 Crowley Dies

His satanic philosophy, Do What Thou Wilt, combined with the accentuated, driving beats of the new music wreaks havoc on the morals of America and the world.


Alan Freed
Used the term "Rock n Roll" to describe R & B

Bill Haley and the Comets In 1954 they began writing hit songs. As a white band using black-derived forms, they ventured into rock 'n' roll.

Little Richard
My true belief about Rock n Roll, is this: I believe this kind of music is demonic.

The Life and Times of Little Richard by Charles White p 197

Little Richard
A lot of beats in music today are taken from Voodoo, from the Voodoo drums. If you study music in rhythms, like I have, youll see that this is true.
The Life and Times of Little Richard by Charles White p 197

In a VH1 Rockumentary they said...

It was through the innocent looks of Bill Haley that rock music was able to slip through the parental radar like a trojan horse.

Rock was popular with teens wanting to break out of the conservative American mold.




Memphis Beat

The author talks of a part of Memphis that was involved in immorality, Mill Street. This is where the houses of prostitution, the taverns and the gambling places were. He states that there was always a certain type of music at Mill St. This is what he says

Memphis Beat
The forbidden pleasures of Mill St. always, always came wrapped in the pulsing rhythms of the blues.
Memphis Beat, Larry Nager

BB King
The women reacted with their bodies, flowing to the rhythm coming out of my guitar.
Bluesman, autobiography

Elvis Presley
Became the leading figure of the new loved sound of rock n roll His suggestive stage antics made him enormously popular and controversial

Elvis Presley

He brought together country, pop and R&B in a way that had not been done before At Elvis live shows the influence on the audience became increasingly fevered...

Elvis Presley
Reports stated, Hed start out, You aint nothing but a Hound Dog, theyd go to pieces. Theyd always react the same way. Thered be a riot every time."

Elvis Presley
More than anyone else, Elvis gave the young a belief in themselves as a distinct and somehow unified generation the first in America ever to feel the power of an integrated youth culture.

The 1960s
The movement away from the conservative state of America continued Drugs became a major part of white suburban life for the very first time The drug experience coupled with a new political awareness helped create an underground youth movement

The 1960s
Youth now turned their thoughts more away from Jesus and opened themselves up to other eastern spiritualistic ideas Others opened up towards new age ideas like astrology and ESP And ultimately Satanism was on the rise

Aleister Crowley
Was also thought of as
the father of the hippie counterculture movement He was considered the unsung hero of the 1960s He was deep into Shamanism

Aleister Crowley
He taught that his satanic doctrine, Do What Thou Wilt, should be cloaked under the lie of love. And believed the youth would fall for it.

One of the most

successful acts in history emerged as the Beatlemania fad They quickly transformed though and came to be perceived as the embodiment of progressive ideals

Their influence extended

into the social and cultural revolutions of the day Their rebellion against establishments and authority, especially Christian was of enormous influence

Do What Thou Wilt

Well decide what
goes on

Well decide how

we dress

What we do

How we talk
How we act

What we smoke
What we listen to

Where we go

Do Your Own Thing

Srgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band

Was a collage of their
best-loved heroes Included among the faces was Aleistar Crowley Most believe that Srgt. Pepper is a reference to Crowley

The book, The Beatles in Their Generation,cites:

"Christianity will go, it will shrink and vanish. I will be proved right. You just wait. We are more powerful now than Jesus ever was."
San Francisco Chronicle, April 13, 1966

Their Press Secretary Derek Taylor said: The Beatles are completely anti-christ. I mean I am anti-christ as well, but they are so anti-christ they shock me, which is not an easy thing.

It was through the influence of the Beatles that millions of youth around the world were almost over night turned away from Christ and to the gurus of the east.

In the late 60s and

early 70s, guru Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, achieved fame as the guru to The Beatles. He toured with them and was given time during their concerts to indoctrinate.

It was reported that

millions of people began to study the teachings of the Maharishi.

Before the Beatles, Indian spirituality waswas not Now we have yoga on every corner, there an anything everyday like partthis of our western culture. never until they came along. Through the hippies following the Beatles, Yoga is actually a word that means to yoke yoga and meditation became a new fad. and speaks of yoking with pagan gods.

Lennon shared of his experience...

I felt like a hollow temple filled with many spirits, each one passing through me, each inhabiting me for a little time and then leaving to be replaced by another.
People, August 22, 1988

Lennon shared of his experience...

Talking on the writing of his songs:"I Dont know who the {expletive} wrote it- Im just sitting and the whole {expletive} song comes out."
Last Lennon Tapes, New York 1981

Lennon shared of his experience...

He later shared: Ive sold my soul to the devil.

Ray Coleman, Lennon 1984 p 256

Lennon shared of his experience...

In another interview later in his life, Lennon said: The whole Beatle idea was to do what you want, right?... DO WHAT THOU WILTST
The Playboy Interviews

Timothy Leary a Harvard Professor and Crowley follower, Referred to the Beatles as the four evangelists and stated that rock music was as much a, de-conditioner as psychedelic drugs. It is designed to blow your mind and suspend your conditioned reflexes. Listening to a Beatles album is an hour of de-conditioning
Timothy Leary, Conditioned Reflexes

Something else Leary said that was very interesting: Dont listen to the words, it is the music that has its own message.
Timothy Leary, Conditioned Reflexes

The Rolling Stones

While with the Beatles, the satanic ideologies were more hidden within the music, The Stones stand was not as difficult to figure out.

The Rolling Stones

Sympathy for the Devil

Please allow me to introduce myself I'm a man of wealth and taste I've been around for a long, long year Stole many a man's soul and faith

And I was round When Jesus Christ Had his moment of Doubt and pain Made damn sure that Pilate Washed his hands And sealed his fate


Pleased to meet you Hope you guess my name