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Reading Textbook and Translation

Basic skill
1. Identify TYPES of Sentences 2. Analyze Sentences into CHUNKS

Types of Sentences
Command Leave! Lets Go! Move! Get out of here! Statement The lecturer is leaving. Hes not going to teach. Question Whos moving next door? Did you leave after me? Exclamation What a nice weather!

Simple sentences

S+P S + Predicate S+V S+V+O S+V+C S+V+A S + Verb S + Object S + Complement S + Adverbial

1. The dean is speaking.

2. The dean spoke to his assistant.

S
S S

V
VC V

3. The dean is Javanese.

4. The dean went to the auditorium.

5. The dean is speaking in the auditorium.

6. The dean spoke to his assistant slowly.

7. The dean is purely Javanese.

8. The dean himself went to the auditorium.

5. The dean is speaking in the auditorium. 6. The dean spoke to his assistant slowly.

The dean of the destistry faculty spoke to his assistant slowly in the auditorium.
7. The dean is purely Javanese. 8. The dean himself went to the auditorium.

The dean of the destistry faculty, who is purely Javanese, went to the auditorium and spoke to his assistant .

Extension ..
WORD (kata & bentukan kata) PHRASE (kelompok kata) CLAUSE (kalimat bersusun)

S + V action
The chairman is speaking. (Listen to him) He has spoken twice today. Did he speak to you about the survey? He was speaking when I entered the room. He had spoken before I asked him to. He will speak in the conference tomorrow. He cannot speak at the moment; he has a toothache. Speak up, please.

Non-actional verbs
Speaking is his skill. This is a no speaking area. English speaking. All welcome. Her beauty becomes the object of speaking. Todays speaking topic is how to study effectively. Speaking is easy; doing is hard.

Object direct / indirect


The researcher gave us an abstract. The researcher gave an abstract to us.

Did the teacher recommend any books to us? Did the teacher recommend us any books?

Complement description
The book is good. expensive. entertaining. worthy. inspirational. The book becomes best-seller. The book looks interesting. The book seems old and out-of-date

Adverb place, time, manner


The team has gone far into the jungle. I found this excellent watch in the pawn shop on the seventeenth of August. The students were doing well in the final test. Could you speak a little bit clearly? Open the case very carefully.

Parts of speech Noun Verb Adjective Adverb (benda nominal) (kerja aksi) (sifat deskripsi) (keterangan)

clear
Verb
For the show, we need to clear the stage.

Adjective
Ill have to give you assignment. Is it clear? The speech has a very clear idea, isnt it?

Adverb
Can you draw the conclusion more clearly?

Noun
This is confusing. Who can give us clarity? This old CD has no sound clarity.

Noun/adjective/adverb/preposition phrase
At the middle of the night, the owl feed. The center of the earth consists of magma. Let me show you the beauty of our country. Smart students dont behave foolishly. Can you give me one good advice about learning English? The students union has organized a peaceful demo on petrols price rise.