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AC Supply System

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Presentation outline
Importance of Elect System for Auxiliary Classification of Auxiliaries Choice of Voltage for Aux Aux. Power supply system Emergency AC Supply

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Auxiliary Power Supply System


The purpose of an Electrical system is to generate and supply electrical energy . The system should be designed and managed to deliver power with Reliability and Economy. As these two requirements are quite opposed a balance is required to have an optimum design of Auxiliary power supply system The auxiliaries have Ratings range from a few watts to few Mega Watts & Located over a large area Work under varied Operating Conditions

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Auxiliary Power Supply System


Failure of Auxiliaries can cause Outage of Power Plant
Auxiliaries need Reliable Power Supply System designed to cater to this need Loads segregated on the basis of

Rating (to decide Voltage) Location (to decide the Feeding Point)
Change-over schemes & Alternate Power Supply arrangement to ensure Reliability
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Elements of Aux. Power System


More than 95% of the auxiliaries are driven by Motors Different Voltage levels are interconnected through Transformers

Miscellaneous Elements

Incomers Ties Diesel

Generators

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Auxiliary Power Supply


Voltage Rating of Motors Decided based on kW Rating
Rating 160kW 415V (LV), Contactor > 160kW & 200kW 415V (LV), Breaker > 200kW & 1500kW 3.3kV (MV), Breaker > 1500kW 11kV (MV), Breaker Frequent Start / Stop Operations (Coal Conveyor Motors) MV Vacuum Contactor

List of Boards / Feeding Points arrived at based on Location of Load Centers / Systems Quantity & Rating of Transformers calculated based on Load & Operational Requirements Rating of Board Calculated based on the Operating Load & Transformer Rating

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MV Switchgears System Parameters


Nominal System voltage Highest System voltage Rated Frequency Number of phases/ poles System Neutral Earthing One minute power frequency withstand voltage Impulse withstand voltage Maximum System Fault Level Short time rating of Eqpt. Dynamic withstand rating
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6.6kV 7.2 kV 50Hz Three

11kV 12kV 50Hz Three

3.3kV 3.6kV 50Hz Three

Earthed through Resistance of 6.35 to Limit E/F Current to 300A 20kV 60kV (peak) 40kA (rms) 40kA (rms) for 1 second 100kA (peak)
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28kV 75kV (peak)

10kV 40kV (peak)

LV Switchgears System Parameters


Nominal System voltage Rated Frequency Number of phases System Neutral Earthing Maximum System Fault Level Short time rating of Eqpt. Dynamic withstand rating 415V, 10% 50Hz Three Solidly Earthed 45kA (rms) 45kA (rms) for 1 second 105kA (peak)

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Auxiliary Power Supply System


Sizing of Unit & Station transformer Start up source short circuit power Feeding offsite areas loads Rating of the Switchgear Loads Power Supply arrangement 6.6& 0.415kV System 11 & 3.3 & 0.415kV System

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Auxiliary Power Supply


INTRODUCTION
Commonly used voltage level up to 200 MW unit size- 6.6kV, 415V Initially same voltage level (6.6 kv, 415v) were adopted for 500 MW unit size as well. With 500 MW unit, quantitative and qualitative change in auxiliaries took place. However no significant change in SWGR available in market. Need for optimizing and cost effective solution

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Aux. Supply system(500MW)


Grid Voltage- Normally 400kV for most of the200, 500MW units in India except few deviations Any Intermediate Voltage Available-to provide reliable start-up power source and to meet initial commissioning activities as well as to supply bulk loads(CW system, make-up water etc.) away from the main plants.Generally used Intermediate voltage levels are 220kV, 132kV, 33kV Nature of Auxiliaries i.e. ratings, basic characteristics and location

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Auxiliary Power Supply500MW


Selection of voltage levels to be adopted for 500MW and above unit size. a) 6.6 KV and 415 V system b) 11& 3.3 kV system

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HT/LT Supply System


G
Ynyn0

Station TRF-1 UAT-A


16.5 KV 6.6 KV Ynd11 GT Dyn1

UAT-B

Stn. SWGR-SA UNIT SWGR--B

6.6 KV

SB

UNIT SWGR--A UST A BFP ID Fan

Stn Serv Trf-A

N.O. UST-B ESP TRF-B 415 V Unit EMG SWGR X X

ESP TRF-A X X B.C. USS-B USS-A X Air Compr Trf Turb MCC Blr MCC TMCC
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Fdr to DMP Serv Clarif Trf Water S/Serv. SWGR 1)SWYD Serv Trf.-B Trf-1 2)Ash Handl T/F 1600KVA
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From DG SWGR

Transformer feeder Details


6.6 KV

Unit Service Transformer Dyn11 C.B. 415 V MCC/PCCM edium Voltage SFU To ACDB To PMCC Magnetic Contactor To PMCC CB To ACDB SFU Magnetic Contactor

Motor Feeder

Motor Feeder

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DG-1

DG-3

DG-2

X X X

DG SWGR-1

DG SWGR-2

UNIT EMER SWGR-1

UNIT EMER SWGR-2

UNIT EMER SWGR-3


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UNIT EMER SWGR-4


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EMCC
(1) AOP-1 (2) Em. Lighting Trf. (3) TVDC Reserve Supply (4) UPS Ch. (5) Scanner Air Fan (6) BVDC Reserve Supply (7) AC Seal Oil Pump (8) Air Heater Lub Oil Panel (9) Jacking Oil Pump (10) Stator Water Pump-B (11) Barring Gear (12) +26 v DC ATRS Ch. B (13) -26V DC ATRS Ch.B (14) 26V DC FSSS Ch. B (15) 26V DC DDC Ch. A

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From Unit SWGR A Normally


(1) BFP-1C (3) PA Fan-1A (5) UST-1A (7) FD Fan -1A (9) CEP-1A,C (11) Bus V.T. (2) BFP-1A (4) ID Fan -1A (6) ESP T/F -1A (8) Coal Mill- 1A, C, E (10) ACW Booster Pump-1A

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USS A
(1) Unit Em. SWGR (2) Boiler MCC (3) BVDC A (4) Turb. MCC A (5) 220V Dc Ch. A (6) +24 DC ATRS Ch. A (7) -24V DC ATRS Ch.A (8) Turb ACDB A (9) +24 V DDCMIS Ch. B (10) Gen Control Panel (11) Boiler ACDB A a) Grav. Feeder A,B, C,D,E,F b) S/B MCC Feeder-1 c) INC From USS B (12) MOT Centrifuge

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USS B
(1) UPS Ch. (3) TVDC (5) Turb MCC B (7) Boiler ACDB B (2) +24V FSSS Ch. (4) Boiler MCC B (6) Turb ACDS B

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THANK YOU

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