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Detection

Theory

Flame

EVERY LIFE HAS A PURPOSE

Requirements of a Fire

Oxygen

Characteristics of a Fire
High Emissions of Ultraviolet Radiation High Emissions of Infrared Radiation Presence of Light, Smoke and Airborne Debris

False Alarm Sources


Arc Welding Sunlight

Infrared Energy
Modulation Reflective

Characteristics of a Fire
Ultraviolet Region Visible Region Infrared Region

Relative Energy
Suns radiation reaching the Earth

Wavelength

2 to 3 microns

400nm

UV Phototube
Ultraviolet Region Visible Region Infrared Region

Relative Energy
Suns radiation reaching the Earth

2 to 3 microns

400nm

UV Phototube
Ultraviolet Radiation

Photocathode
Electrons

Anode

Gas-Filled Phototube
VDC +

IR Devices
Ultraviolet Region Visible Region Infrared Region

Relative Energy
Suns radiation reaching the Earth

Wavelength

2 to 3 microns

400nm

IR Devices
Ultraviolet Region Visible Region Infrared Region
Hydrogen fires emit H2O vapors @ 2.95 microns

Relative Energy
Suns radiation reaching the Earth

400nm

Wavelength

2.7 to 3 .2 microns

FlameGard 5 UV/IR FlameGard 5 UV/IR


Ultraviolet + Infrared Detection Photo-tube + Pyroelectric (Flicker)

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Features


Monitors in both UV and IR spectral ranges reducing possibility of false alarms caused by lightning, arc welding, hot objects etc. Typical Response time: < 3 seconds @ 50ft 120 maximum horizontal field of view -40F to +185F (-40C to +85C) operating temperature COPM (Continuous Optical Path Monitoring) RS-485 Modbus RTU, HART Hydrogen fire configuration available

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Physical Characteristics

Assembly
Three Distinct Explosion-proof Housings:
UV/IR COPM Light Rods (Reflective Coated)
UV - Straight IR - Curved

O-Ring Sealed Windows

Common Base with Bracket Mounting Holes


Two (2) Bottom Entry Conduit Connections (3/4 NPT) Drip Lip (3/4 of housing mating surface)

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Environmental
Temperature
FlameGard 5 UV/IR -40C to 85C (-40F to 185F)

Ratings
IP 66, Type 4X, Class I, Div 1, Groups B, C & D; Class II, Groups E, F & G; Class III

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Performance
Improved detection and false alarm immunity
Field-of-View
FlameGard 5 UV/IR - 115 Vertical, 120 Horizontal

Optical Sensitivity
1 sq. ft. fire at 50 ft.

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Field of View (Horizontal)


15 30 0
50' 45' 40'

15 30 45 60

75% 100%
60

45

35' 30' 25' 20' 15' 10'

50%
TABLE CHART
HORIZONTAL
0 15 30 45 60 100% 50' 50' 50' 50' 25' 75% 50' 50' 50' 30' <20' 50% 25' 15' <5' <5' <5'

(5) HORIZONTAL SENSITIVITY 100% 75% 50%

+60 +45

SENSITIVITY
100%

TABLE CHART
VERTICAL 100% 75% 50%

100%

+30

75%

(5) HORIZONTAL SENSITIVITY 100% 75% 50%

TABLE CHART
HORIZONTAL
0 15 30 45 60 100% 50' 50' 50' 50' 25' 75% 50' 50' 50' 30' 50% 25' 15'

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Field of View (Vertical)


<5' <5' <5' <20'

+60 +45

SENSITIVITY
100%

TABLE CHART
VERTICAL 100% 50' 50' 50' 50' 20' 75% 50' 50' 50' 30' <20' 50% 25' 25' 25' <20' <20'

100%

+30

75% 0 50%

75%

+15

15 30

45'

50'

35'

30'

25'

40'

20'

15'

10'

45

50%
-15

(5) VERTICAL

60

-30

-45 -60

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications


Performance Spectral Sensitivity
FlameGard 5 UV/IR: 185 to 260 nanometers & 4.35 microns

Response Time (Normal Operation

FlameGard 5 UV/IR
Detector Response (nominal) Output Response (50 ft. fire) < 500ms < 3sec.

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Outputs
4-20 mA Signal
0 mA, Fault 2 mA, COPM Fault 4 mA, Ready 8 mA, IR Only 12 mA, UV Only 16 mA, Warn 20 mA, Alarm (After time delay)

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Outputs
Commands
Read Only
4-20 mA Alarm, Warning, Fault UV Only Signal, IR Only Signal UV Source Lamp Fault, IR Source Lamp Fault Low Voltage Communication Faults

Write Only
Auto Test, Reset, Accept

Read and Write


Address, Modbus Setup Sensitivity (100%, 75%, 50%) Time Delay, Relay States

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Outputs
Relays: (3) SPDT (8-amp, 24 VDC/250 VAC
Resistive)
Warning (Immediate, no time delay)

Alarm (After 2, 4, 8 or 10 Sec. Time Delay)


Dip Switch Selectable RS-485 Selectable (Non-intrusive over-ride)

Fault (Energized, non-latching )

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications


System
Modes:
Normal Self Test (Power-up) Alarm Test (Remote)

Fault Diagnostic -Status Indication (LED)


RED LED
OFF SLOW BLINK FAST BLINK OFF OFF

GREEN LED
10 SEC. BLINK ON ON SLOW BLINK FAST BLINK

CONDITION
TIME OUT 10 SECONDS AFTER START-UP READY NO FLAME RADIATION PRESENT WARN FLAME RADIATION PRESENT ALARM WARN +TIME DELAY FAULT COPM FAULT DETECTED FAULT LOW VOLTAGE CONDITION

ALTERNATING

Other Fault Diagnostics via RS-485

FlameGard 5 UV/IR Specifications

Approvals
CSA, FM, ATEX, CE Marking

Power
20-36 VDC Nominal @ 150 mA Max.

Input Terminals
Test and Reset Wiring: 12 AWG to 22 AWG

FlameGard 5 Test Lamp


Rechargeable/replaceable batteries Easy grip handle integral with housing Spring return on/off switch to conserve battery life Explosion-proof cast aluminum housing CSA Approved ATEX Approved

Key Features / Benefits Excellent Discrimination of False Alarms


UV detection in the 185-260 nanometer range which is well below natural sunlight and artificial light. IR detection at 4.3 microns which is the CO2 spike generated from hydrocarbon fires.
Flicker discrimination algorithm, which eliminates false alarms from IR sources. Arc welding and lightning will not cause the FlameGard UV/IR to go to false alarm.

Key Features / Benefits


COPM Continuous Optical Path Monitoring
We check the optical path once every minute on both the UV and IR sides to make sure the windows are not dirty, and that the test sources and detectors are working properly.

Wide Angle of View


120 angle of view is the widest in the industry which allows for a larger area of coverage and a reduced number of detectors.

Key Features / Benefits


Hydrogen Fire Specific Flame Detector
Uses a wavelength of 2.7-3.2 microns on the IR detector to detect the water spike of Hydrogen fires.

Output Capability
Three programmable relays (8 AMP) 0-20 mA stepped output to allow quick diagnostics for UV only, IR only, COPM Fault and overall Failures Modbus for digital communication HART------Digital Communication protocol. Communicates via analog output line.