Anda di halaman 1dari 19

Scope of the

Presentation:
 Introduction
 The way Solar Energy is used
 Significance
 Cost
 Applications
 Solar Energy in Pakistan
 Conclusion
Introduction
 Solar energy is the radiant light and
heat from the Sun {1.4 kW/m2)
Introduction continued…

 The amount of solar energy that


reaches the Earth’s surface every
hour is greater than humankind’s
total demand for energy in one year
Introduction continued…

Earth as viewed from space in December 1990. South America is near the
center of the left-hand picture, while Africa is near the top of the right-hand
image. Antarctica is visible near the bottom of both images. Note how much
sunlight is reflected back into space by clouds and by snow and ice. Note also
how light the deserts of northern Africa appear as compared to the Amazon
forests of South America and the jungles of central Africa.
The way Solar Energy is
used
 Directly to heat water using large
thermal reflector or thermal
absorbers {Solar Thermal Energy}
 Convert into electricity by means of
Photovoltaic cells {Solar Photovoltaic
Electricity}
Continued…

 Solar Thermal Energy


 Used in clear, bright weather

 Solar Photovoltaic Electricity


 Cold Weather
 Cloudy Conditions

 Isolated Generation
Significance
 Fastest –growing power generation
technology in the world
 Solar industry has a 15 year history
of 25% annual growth
 One of the hottest areas in energy
investment
 Declination of oil & coal
 Currently Solar industry is growing
By 40 %
Continued…

 Currently solar power is 5% of total


worldwide energy
 Solar power is predicted to become
10% of total worldwide energy in
2025
 More competitive in terms of price
also. Solar panel price is going down
so more countries are investing in
solar energy
Cost
 Cost of setting up a solar power plant
is around Rs 20 crore per MW

 Cost of setting up a solar thermal


power plant is around Rs 4 crore per
MW

 5 acre land is sufficient for setting one


MW plant.
Applications
 Architecture applications
 include heating systems, cooling
systems, and ventilation systems
•Passive solar
heating can use
overhangs to shield
the home from the
sun in the summer,
and warm the
home when the
Continued…

 Solar Cookers

 Solar Oven
 With this solar oven, you
can cook for a family of 10
persons
 The cooking process takes
twice as much time as a
traditional oven
 The temperature can
Continued…

 Solar Water Heating

 Solar Traffic Signals


Continued…
 Solar Vehicles
Continued…

 Solar Power Plant


Solar Energy in Pakistan
 Pakistan has a good potential of solar
energy and the country has 300
sunny days per year
 If 0.25% of Baluchistan was covered
with solar panels with an efficiency of
20%, enough electricity would be
generated to cover all of Pakistani
demand
 We have both the thermal and panel
systems

Continued…

 The solar plant of 400 watts cost Rs


400,000 while the 200 watts plant
cost Rs 225,000 only
 In a village about 50 kilometers from
Islamabad, 100 solar panels have
been installed by a local firm, free of
cost, to promote the use of solar
energy
Conclusion
 Solar energy is fastest growing
profitable industry. So Pakistan
should enter in solar power as soon
as possible
 Pakistan should set up the solar
thermal plant because it is cheap
compare to solar power plant
Thanks…