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Antennas for GSM System

Contents

Base station antenna specification and meanings Antenna types and trends

(Technical Data)

Blah blah blah bl ah

Electrical properties
Operation Frequency Band Input impedance VSWR Polarization Gain Radiation Pattern Horizontal/Vertical beamwidth Downtilt Front/back ratio Sidelobe suppression and null filling Power capability 3rd order Intermodulation Insulation

Mechanical properties
Size Weight Radome material Appearance and color Working temperature Storage termperature Windload Connector types Package Size Lightening

Electrical properties

Dipoles
Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength Dipole

1800MHz 166mm 900MHz 333mm

1 dipole
(received power)1mW

Multiple dipole matrix


Received power4 mW

GAIN= 10log(4mW/1mW) = 6dBd

Antenna
(Overlook)

Omni directional array Received power1mW

Sector antenna Received power8mW

Gain=10log(8mW/1mW) = 9dBi

Frequency Range

GSM 900 : 890-960MHz GSM 1800 : 1710-1880MHz GSM dual band : 890-960MHz & 17101880MHz eg.824-960MHz1710-1900MHz

Optimum 1/2 wavelength for dipole at 925MHz

at 890 MHz

at 960 MHz Antenna Dipole

BANDWIDTH = 960 - 890 = 70MHz

Impedance

50
Antenna Cable 50 ohms 50 ohms

VSWR

Forward: 10W

50 ohms
Backward: 0.5W

80 ohms

9.5 W

Return Loss 10log(10/0.5) = 13dB


VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio)

1.5 =(VSWR-1)/(VSWR+1) RL=-20lg

Polarization

Vertical

Horizontal

+ 45degree slant

- 45degree slant

V/H (Vertical/Horizontal)

Slant (+/- 45)

Linear,vertical dual linear 45 slant

dBd and dBi

Ideal radiating dot source (lossless radiator)


2.15dB

eg: Dipole

0dBd = 2.15dBi

Pattern

Beamwidth

3dB Beamwidth Peak - 3dB

10dB Beamwidth Peak - 10dB 120 (eg) Peak Peak - 10dB

60 (eg)

Peak Peak - 3dB

3dB Beam width Horizontal


Directional Antenna65/90/105/120 Omni360

3dB Beam width Vertical

Directional

Omni-directional

Down Tilt

Mechanical down tilt Fixed electronic down tilt Adjustable electronic down tilt

Demonstration of Electronic Down-tilt

Non down tilt

Electronic downtilt

Mechanical downtilt

(Electronic and mechanical downtilt)

Front to Back Ratio Ratio of maximum main lobe to maximum side lobe

Back power

Front power

F/B = 10 log(FP/BP)

typically 25dB

Upper Side lobes Suppression & Null Fill

Side lobes

Permitted Power

Continuous :25-1500 watts peak :n2p

Third Order Intermodulation

IMD@243dBm f1, f2, 2f1-f2, 2f2-f1

913MHz,936MHz,959MHz,982MHz

Isolation

10log(1000mW/1mW) = 30dB

1000mW ( 1W)

1mW

Mechanical properties

Dimensions

LWH Lengthconnected with vertical bandwidth and gain Widthconnected with horizontal bandwidth Heightconnected with techniques adopted

Weight Affecting transmission and deploy

Radome Material PVC, Fiberglass Anti-temperaturewater-proofanti-aging weather resistant

Colour Good-looking, environment-protecting

Operating Temperature Range

Typical range-40C +70C

Storage Temperature Range

Typically-40C +70C

Wind Load

Eg: 83N at 160 km/h

Connector Type

7/16DINNSMA female

Mast

Mast diameter 45-90mm

Lightening Protection Direct Ground

(Antenna Types and Development )

(Antenna Types)
By frequency band: GSM900, GSM1800, GSM900/1800

By polarization: Vertical, Horizontal, 45 linear


polarization, circle polarization

By pattern:
By down-tilt:

Omni-directional, directional
Non, mechanical, electronic adjustment, remote control

By function: transceiving

Transmission, receiving,

(Antenna Development Trend)

Broad band Multifunctional High Integrity

ONE ANTENNA FOR MULTIPLE BANDS

870-960MHz and 1710-1880MHz Extended band option with 806-960MHz Dual slant 45 polarisation 65 horizontal beamwidth Band independent Teletilt control 17dBi gain in both bands Diplexed or Non-Diplexed versions Mechanical downtilt mounting option

7/8 MAIN FEEDER

1/2 JUMP CABLE

7/16DIN-FDIN CONNECTOR

7/16DIN-MDIN & N CONNECTOR

Lightening Arrestor

Rf port 2

Grounding

ACCESSORIES
Trimming Tool or Hand Tool Kit Clamp Earthing Kit Wall Glands Hoisting Stocking ( Universal Ground Bar)

Antenna

1/2 Clamp

7/16 Din Connector

1/2 Jumper Tower Top Amplifier 7/8 Cable 7/8 Cable Grounding Machine house 1/2 Jumper EMP Grounding clip

Grounding bar
Cabinet

Thank you