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H.K.TAMBIA SDE (RTTC) JAIPUR Tel: +91-141-2460367 (O) +91-9413395525 (M) E-mail: hktambiasde@bsnl.co.in hktambia04@yahoo.

com

NIB-II
NIB-II envisages four projects
1. 2. 3. 4.

MPLS based IP Infrastructure in 100 cities (29 city STM-16 core) Access Gateway platform Narrow band (Augmentation of existing Dial up Internet capacity) Access Gateway Platform Broadband in 235 cities (Based on ADSL Technology) Service Platform consisting of messaging, Provisioning, billing, customer care, enterprise management system and Data centres.

Cities were classified as A1, A2, A3, A4, B1, B2 and Other cities.
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Objective of NIB-II
NIB-II is a mission to build world-class infrastructure that will help accelerate the Internet revolution in India. It provides a diversified range of internet access services including support for VPN(Layer-2,Layer-3 and Dialup services) It also offers SLA Reports including security, QoS and any to any connectivity. Offers fully managed services to customers. It offers services like bandwidth on demand etc. over the same network.
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Objective of NIB-II
The network is capable of on-line measurement and monitoring of network parameters such as latency, packet loss, jitter and availability so as to support SLAs with customers The routers support value added services such as VPNs, Web and content hosting, Voice over IP, Multicast etc.

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Objective of NIB-II
Value Added Services -Encryption Services -Firewall Services -Multicast Services -Network Address Translation (NAT) (Service that will enable private users to access public networks) Messaging Services Internet Data Center Services at Bangalore, Delhi and Mumbai.

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Objective of NIB-II
Broad Band Services -Broadcast TV using IP Multicasting service -Multicast video streaming services

-Interactive Distant learning using IP multicasting Services


-Video on demand -Interactive gaming service
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NIB-II CORE ROUTER A1 CITIES

Noida

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NIB-II CORE ROUTER A1,A2,A3 CONNECTIVITY DIAGRAM


STM-16 LINK A1 Router cisco 12416 A2 Router cisco 12410 A3 Router cisco 12410 Jaipur Patna Noida Ahmedabad Jullundar Lucknow
A1 Nodes - 5 A2+A3 Nodes - 9

Kolkata Indore Mumbai

Chennai
Pune Banglore

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Hyderabad

Ernakulam

BSNL NIB-II CORE ROUTER A1,A2,A3 &A4 CONNECTIVITY DIAGRAM


LEGENDS

STM-16 LINK
STM-1 LINK CISCO ROUTER
Si

A1 Nodes - 5
Si

Allahabad
Si

A2+A3 Nodes - 9 A4 Nodes - 10

Chandigarh

JUNIPER ROUTER (Existing with BSNL)


Jullundar Jaipur

Lucknow Patna

Si

Guwahati

Si

Noida
Ahmedabad
Si

Ranchi

Indore

Manglore

Kolkata Mumbai

Si

Bhubneshwar

Si

Pune Nagpur

Banglore

Chennai
Ernakulam

Si

Coimbtore

Si

Hyderabad

Si

Vijaywada

Raipur

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BSNL NIB-II CORE ROUTER A1,A2,A3 &A4 CONNECTIVITY DIAGRAM

Noida

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Edge Network (Customer Interface)


Edge routers in 100 cities connected to the core layer either locally through the Gigabit Ethernet interfaces or remotely through dual homed STM-1 links. A1 Cities- Chennai ,Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi and Kolkata. A2 Cities- Hyderabad, Pune and Ahmadabad. A3 Cities- Lucknow, Jullundhar, Jaipur, Indore, Ernakulam and patna. A4 Cities- Coimbatore, Chandigarh, Allahabad, Guwahati, Ranchi,Bhubaneshwar, Raipur, Mangalore, Nagpur and Vijayawada. B1 Cities- 21nodes B2 Cities- 26nodes 7-Jan-14 RTTC Jaipur - HKT 12

NIB-II A1,A2,A3,A4,B1& B2 ROUTER CONNECTIVITY DIAGRAM


Ambala Ajmer Ludhiana Ferozpur Bhopal Gwalior Amritsar Lucknow Jabalpur Jullundar Mehsana Jaipur
Si Si

A1 Nodes - 5 Faridabad Gurgaon Noida A2+A3 Nodes - 9

Jodhpur Kanpur

Ghaziabad
A4 Nodes - 10 B1 + B2 Nodes - 47

Varanasi

Shimla

Si

Allahabad
Si

Dehradun Meerut
Agra Dimapur Shilong

Chandigarh

Patna

Guwahati

Siliguri

Noida
Kalyan Ahmedabad Indore Rajkot

Ranchi

Durgapur

Kolkata Mumbai

Si

Bhubneshwar

Jamshedpur
Si

Surat
Nagpur Vadodara Aurangabad Panjim Kolhapur
Si

Pune

Banglore

Chennai
Ernakulam

Si

Coimbtore

Manglore

Si

Madurai Hyderabad
Si

Vijaywada

Raipur

Trichy Pondicherry

Nashik Vizag Rajmundary Trichur Kalikat Mysore Palghat Trivandrum

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Tirupati Belgaum

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Hubli

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BSNL NIB-2 Project1 Connectivity for A1,A2 and A3 Cities


B1/B2 PE B1/B2 PE

STM-1 STM-1 STM-1

NIB II Project 1 RR

B1/B2 PE

B1/B2 PE

STM-1
Core A1

P Router
NIB II Project 2.2 Tier 1 Switch GE GE FE link GE link

GE
IDC Edge

GE

GE
Local PE
7613 PE

GE

GE

BRAS
L4-L7 Switch
Local PE (IPTAX)

Leased Line Custome rs

FE Link

NIB I & NIB II (2.1)

E1
VPN/Leased Line
Intl GW

NIB I

NIB I

Switch NIB II Project 2.1 RAS

Customer Edge Router

RAS

Interne t

STM-1 Link STM-16

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NIB-1 POP

IXP

FE Link

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BSNL NIB-2 Project1 Connectivity for A4 Cities

B1/B2 PE B1/B2 PE

NIB II Project 1 STM-1

GE
7613 PE

Core A4 GE

BRAS
FE Link
Leased Line Custome rs

NIB II Project 2.2 Tier 1 Switch

NIB I & NIB II (2.1)

E1
GE VPN

GE NIB I
Switch NIB II Project 2.1 RAS
RAS

Customer Edge Router

FE Link

GE Link
STM-1

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NIB-1 POP

IXP

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NIB II Generalized Node Layout for A1, A2 & A3 cities


Core Network

INTERNET

International Gateway Core SW International G/W router To leased line VPN customers Web Cache GigE GigE GigE GigE router STM 1` Edge Router in B1 or B2 city FE NIB-I/NIB-II(2.1) FE RAS
FE FE

Edge router
NIB-I/NIB-II(2.1)

BB

IDC Router at 3 places

BB RAS

NIB 1 To leased line VPN customers router


To leased line customers

E1s To PSTN Exchanges

GigE NIB 1 router


RAS

Additional Edge Router in city Internet Data centre at 3 places Tier 1 GigE Aggregation SW To leased line VPN customers FE

RAS E1s

IXP GW In (A1 Cities) To ISPs

E1s To PSTN Exchanges

ADM STM -1 ADM

ADM

To leased line Customers

METRO SDH RING


ADM

To Metro Ethernet Fibre

ADM

network

NIB-II Node Layout for A4 cities


Core Network

Core Router CE Edge router To leased line VPN customers


BB

GigE GigE

STM -1

Edge Router in B1 or B2 city

NIB I/ RAS NIB-I/2.1 NIB-II(Project2.1) FE FE FE

FE

Broadband RAS

NIB-I/NIB-II(2.1) RAS NIB 1 router E1s To PSTN Exchanges GigE NIB-II Project 2.2 STM -1

To leased line VPN customers

E1s To PSTN Exchanges To leased line customers RAS E1s To PSTN Exchanges

To leased line VPN customers

Additional Edge Router in city FE

To leased line customers

Tier 1 GigE Aggregation SW ADM To Metro Ethernet Fibre network

ADM

ADM

METRO SDH RING


ADM ADM

NIB-II Node Layout for B1 & B2 cities


Core Network interfaces

Leased Lines & VPNs (E1s)

Edge router

Customrs edge router


FE

NIB-I/NIB-II (2.1)

RAS

E1s To PSTN Exchanges

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To leased line Customers

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Components of Broadband Access Network Broad band Remote Access Server(BBRAS) Gigabit and Fast Ethernet Aggregation Switches (LAN Switches) Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (DSLAMs) SSSS/SSSC (Subscriber Service Selection System/ Centre)

Servers for AAA, LDAP at NOC


Provisioning and configuration management at NOC

DSLCPEs
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Architecture
The DSLAMs will in general be collocated with existing PSTN exchanges which provide last mile access to customers over copper wire up to average span lengths of 3 kms. All DSLAMs will be aggregated through a FE interface except 480 port DSLAM, Which will be aggregated through Gigabit Ethernet Interface. The 240 port DSLAM will have two number of FE interface. The FX or GBIC module in DSLAM and LAN switch should be capable of driving upto 10km on a single mode fibre. The SX or GBIC module in LAN Switch used for connecting Tier2 to Tier1 will support 40km. In bigger cities like A1, A2, A3 and A4,one BBRAS per city will be deployed initially. There will be no BBRAS at B1 and B2 cities. The DSLAMs in B1.B2 and other lower hierarchical cities will be aggregated through Layer 2 switches, and will be connected to the nearest BBRAS of A cities on Ethernet over SDH. The BRAS shall terminate the PPP sessions initiated by the customer and extend the 7-Jan-14 further to MPLS VPN/ Internet RTTC Jaipur - HKT connection as desired by the the customer.

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BRAS classification
BRAS Classification Back plane Capacity Processing Capacity

TEC GR Reference

BRAS at A1 sites

8 Gbps full duplex

15 Million PPS

GR/RAS-03/01 OCT 03-High End

BRAS at A2 sites

4 Gbps full duplex

7 Million PPS

GR/RAS-03/01 OCT 03-Medium End

BRAS at A3 sites

BRAS at A4 sites
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3 Gbps full duplex

3 Million PPS
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GR/RAS-03/01 OCT 03-Low End


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DSLAM
The DSLAM will provide Access from 128Kbps to 8Mbps The DSLAM will support for QOS features such as Committed Access Rate between CPE and DSLAM,Traffic Policing per port The DSLAM will work satisfactory without any degradation in performance and without using any repeater/regenerator over a distance for various access speeds for 0.5mm copper pair.

Downstream bit rate


6 Mbps 2 Mbps 1 Mbps
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Distance
1.5 Kms 3.5 Kms 4.0 Kms
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The Multi-play network shall be designed to provide services such as Video on Demand, video Multicast (IP TV), VPN Services, High Speed Internet Services etc. with guaranteed control over critical parameters like latency, jitter, and throughput to ensure high grade delivery of real time services, WLAN and fibre for the building / home.

A total of 898 cities are planned to be covered through this process. These cities are classified as A1,A2,A3,A4,B1,B2 & Other class cities. There will be 3A1, 3-A2, 6-A3, 10-A4, 21-B1, 55-B2, & rest of 800 are OC cities.
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Classification of Cities in Multiplay BB Network


Cities are classified as A1, A2, A3, A4, B1, B2 and Other cities.

A1(3)

A2(3)

A3(6)

A4(10)

Chennai Bangalore Kolkatta

Hyderabad Ahemdabad Pune

Patna Ernakulem Indore Chandigarh Jaipur Lucknow

Vijayawada, Guwahati Raipur, Gurgaon Ranchi, Mangalore Nagpur Bhubaneshwar / Cuttack Jullundhur, Coimbatore

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B1(21) Visag, Rajkot, Surat, Vadodara, Faridabad, Jammu, Mysore, Trivendrum, Bhopal, Gwalior, Nashik, Shillong, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jodhpur, Madurai, Allahabad, Kanpur, Varanasi, Agra, Noida

B2(55) Only Rajasthan (4) Ajmer, Alwar, Kota, Udaipur.

OC(800) Only Rajasthan(52)

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Network Elements:
DSLAM

Resilience Packet Ring T-2 LAN Switch (RPR T-2)


RPR T-1 LAN Switch (RPR T-1)

Broadband Network Gateway (BNG)


Layer 3 MPLS PE Router (L3PE)

Network Operation Centre at Bangalore & DR NOC at Pune

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Multiplay Network :- The Multiplay network is a three tier Architecture consisting of the Access Network, Aggregation Network and Core & Content Delivery Network.

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Access Network
It contains the DSLAMs of various port capacities aggregating the CPEs (ADSL/VDSL). These DSLAMs are then aggregated to Ethernet LAN switches (Tier II / TierI) either by DARK fiber on GE (If the distance is less than 20 Kms) or by a transmission systems viz. STM-16/STM1 if the distance is above 20 Kms. The DSLAMs functions similar to the ones working in the existing network and the interface is GE towards the Ethernet LAN switches.

Aggregation Network The aggregation networks uses the Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) technology switches for aggregation of access nodes (DSLAMs) and these switches are then aggregated to Broadband Network Gateway(BNG) in bigger cities which come under the classification of A1/A2/A3/A4/B1/B2 category. For cities doesnt fall A/B categories ,OC LAN switch is deployed as Tier-2 Network Device in the Multi Play network connecting the Tier-1 RPR to DSLAM in other cities.
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DSLAM
The DSLAMs are collocated with existing PSTN exchanges, which provide last mile access to customers over copper wire up to average span lengths of 3 kms. The density of DSLAM will vary from 64Port to 960 Ports. The 64 P DSLAM will have one GE uplink interface. The 120P, 240P and 480P DSLAM will have 1+1 GE uplink interface. The 960P DSLAM will have 2+2 GE uplink interface.
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Contd

Aggregation Network:In the Broadband Multi-Play network, slight modification has been done in the architecture to ensure increased network resiliency, effective bandwidth management and better fibre management.

A) Connectivity Between DSLAM & RPR T-2


The DSLAMs will be aggregated to RPR Tier 2 Switch on Gigabit Ethernet interface on dark fibre. Except 64P DSLAM, all other DSLAMs will have redundant connectivity to the same RPR Tier 2 switch/ L2PE through two different paths. The maximum driving distance between DSLAMs and RPR Tier 2 Switch / L2PE is 20k.m.
"Resilience is the ability of the network to provide and maintain an acceptable level of service in the face of various faults and challenges to normal operation.
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B) Connectivity Between RPR T-2 & RPR T-1


RPR Tier2 Switch shall be connected to RPR Tier1 Switch aggregators by optical n x GE or 10 GE links as per traffic requirement. Maximum driving distance between RPR Tier 2 and RPR Tier 1 aggregator is 40 k.m. The number of nodes planned in a ring will vary from four to six. In case of A type cities the aggregation of RPR Tier 2 Switch will be over 10 GE. For B1 and B2 cities the aggregation will be through GE.

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Broadband Network Gateway (BNG)


This is equivalent to Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) of NIB-II with some added functionalities, which makes it aware of the potential congestion point in the aggregation network. This is the most critical point of the network in terms of guaranteeing the Quality of Service and to avoid congestion as it keeps tracks of the various traffic flows of each type and take appropriate decisions based on the resources available (bandwidth, sessions) and also do resource admission, subscriber authentication, IP address allotment and policing.
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Layer-3 MPLS PE Router


This is used for aggregating traffic from multiple BNG and converting it from IP to MPLS. It also stores the VPN profile of the VPN customers and continuously updates through MP-BGP (Multi Protocol Border Gateway Protocol) with other PE (Provider Edge) Routers.
It further hands over the traffic to NIB-II Core. In case of A1, A2 and A3 cities, separate L3PE Router will be deployed for taking care of broadband Multi-Play requirement. In other cities, the existing NIB-II MPLS PE router will also act as L3PE router for broadband Multi-Play.
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Network Connectivity
In Broadband MultiPlay Network, a total of 107 Broadband Aggregation Points (BAP) is defined . Each BAP consist of atleast one RPR Tier 1 aggregator, one BNG and one L3PE.

The set of RPR Tier 1 aggregator and BNG, for cities classified as Broadband Aggregation Point, is referred as Metro Aggregation Unit (MAU). Each MAU will cater to roughly around 40000 DSL ports. The diagrammatic representation of the network connectivity of various network elements in each City Type.
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Aggregation Architecture for A1 and A2 cities


Each A1 & A2 cities will have 2-L3PE Routers deployed geographically at two different locations, collocated with transmission centres. Each L3PE Routers will aggregate four BNGs + four RPR Tier 1 aggregators and two BNGs + two RPR Tier 1 aggregator, respectively. These units will all be collocated. Each RPR Tier 1 aggregator will aggregate multiple RPR Tier 2 on 10GE ring on dark fibre. One of the L3PE Router along with associated BNG and RPR Tier1 Switch aggregator will be collocated with existing NIB-II Core Router. The second L3PE Router along with associated BNG and RPR Tier-1 Switch aggregator will be deployed in a geographically different location, collocated with the transmission centre. The RPR Tier 2 will be aggregating multiple DSLAMs.
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Contd..

Each RPR Tier 1 aggregator shall be mapped to RPR Tier 2 for aggregation of traffic. The mapping shall be done in such a fashion that total aggregated ports in a particular ring getting terminated in RPR Tier 1 aggregator shall be around 40000. Provision of dark fibre (one pair) between mapped RPR Tier 2 and RPR Tier 1 aggregator, in a ring fashion. The distance between the RPR Tier 1 Switch Aggregator and RPR Tier 2 can be maximum of 40 K.M

The RPR Tier 1 aggregator will be connected to BNG on multiple GE interface which in turn will be connected to L3PE Router.
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Backbone MPLS Network nxSTM-16 Core P of other city

Core P

Collocated

Collocated
BNG & Tier 1 ECS BNG & Tier 1

L3PE & ABR STM-16

L3PE & ABR

BNG & Tier 1

BNG & Tier 1


BNG BNG ECS BNG & Tier 1

BNG & Tier 1

Tier-1 LSW
Tier-1 LSW RPR 10GE ring LSW LSW

A2 cities shall have only 4-BNG & T-1 One T-2 aggregates 8K ports, One ring 5 T-2 & one T-1 L3PE shall be dual homed to two P Routers ECS- Edge Content Server 7-Jan-14

Aggregation Architecture for A1 and A2 cities

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Broadband Multiplay A1 & A2 Cities

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Each A3 cities have one L3PE Router, which will be collocated with existing NIB-II Core Router. The L3PE Router will aggregate two BNGs + two RPR Tier-1 aggregator which will be collocated. Each RPR T-1 aggregator will aggregate multiple RPR T-2 traffic on 10GE ring on dark fibre. Total aggregated ports in a particular ring getting terminated in RPR T-1 aggregator shall be around 40000. Provision of dark fibre (one pair) between mapped RPR T2 and RPR T-1 aggregator, in a ring fashion. The distance between the RPR T-1 and T-2 can be up to 40 K.M. The RPR T-1 aggregator will be connected to BNG on multiple GE interface which in turn will be connected to L3PE 7-Jan-14 Router. RTTC Jaipur - HKT 43

Broadband Multiplay A3 Cities

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Aggregation Architecture for A4 (10 No.s), B1(21), B2 (with BNG) (26) cities

Each A4, B1 and B2 cities have one BNG + one RPR Tier 1 aggregator, which will be collocated with existing NIB-II Edge Router. The existing NIB-II Edge Router will aggregate the traffic from BNG. Each RPR Tier 1 aggregator will aggregate multiple RPR Tier 2. In case of A4 cities, the aggregation will be on 10GE ring on dark fibre. In case of B1 and B2 (with BNG) cities, the aggregation will be on 1GE ring on dark fibre.

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Broadband Multiplay A4, B1 and (B2+BNG) Cities

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Aggregation Architecture for B2 (without BNG) (29) cities

Each B2 cities will have only one RPR Tier-1 aggregator, which will be collocated with existing NIB-II Edge Router. The existing NIB-II Edge Router will tunnel the traffic to the nearest BNG. Each RPR Tier 1 aggregator will aggregate multiple RPR Tier 2 on 1GE ring on dark fibre.

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Broadband Multiplay (B2-BNG) Cities

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Aggregation Architecture for Other Class(800) cities

Each OC Cities have one RPR Tier 2 will be interconnected to the nearest Broadband Aggregation Point on RPR Tier 1 Aggregator. Initially this connectivity is planned on Fast Ethernet (FE) Interface using FE over STM-1, as was done in NIB-II.

The provision has been made for pair of Ethernet to STM-1 converter for each OC type city, in case the Ethernet module is not available in the transmission network available in that city.

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Broadband Multiplay OC Type

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The number of ports requirement in RPR Tier 2 Switch can be calculated using the following formulae:960 P DSLAM requires four Gigabit Ethernet Interface (GE) 480 P, 240P and 120P DSLAM require two GE Interface 64 P DSLAM requires one GE Interface Each RPR Tier 2 Switch requires two number of RPR interface for connecting to RPR Tier 1 aggregators. This interface is 10GE for A1, A2, A3 & A4 cities and 1GE for B1 and B2 cities. In case of OC type cities, one FE is required for interconnecting T-2 LAN Switch in OC type city to nearest RPR T-1 Switch aggregator. Four GE ports be kept as spare / maintenance in each RPR Tier 2.
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So, for example if a particular RPR T-2 Switch in say A1 city aggregates five 960 port DSLAM, five 480 port DSLAM, four 240 port DSLAM, and two 120 port DSLAM, then the total port requirement for this aggregation comes to:-

Gigabit Ethernet = 5*4 + 5*2 + 4*2 + 2*2 +4 (spare) = 46


This is within the port planned for RPR Tier 2 Switch in A1 city (48 GE). Hence it is OK.

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Number of RPR Tier-1 LAN Switch along with Interfaces for each City Type
Interface per Switch
No. Of City Type city Quantity Per City GE 10G 1G FE GE (for BNG) Total switch

A1 A2
A3 A4 B1 B2+BNG B2 - BNG

3 3
6 10 21 26 29

8* 4*
2* 1 1 1 1

48 48
43 38 33 28 28

2 2
2 4 0 0 0

0 0
0 0 4 2 2

24 24
24 24 24 24 24

11 11
11 11 5 5 0

24 12
12 10 21 26 29 G. Total 124
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Note: * Only Two Tier 1s in A1 and A2 cities and one Tier 1 in A3 cities shall have the GE interface as indicated above.
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Number of RPR Tier-2 LAN Switch along with Interfaces for each City Type

Interface per Switch City Type A1 A2 A3 A4 B1 B2 No. Of city 3 3 6 10 21 55 Quantity per City 38 18 7 6 4 2 GE 48 48 43 38 33 28 10G 2 2 2 2 0 0 1G 0 0 0 0 2 2 FE 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total switch 114 54 42 60 84 110

G. Total 464
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Number of Interface & Quantity for Ethernet LAN Switch for OC


Quantity per City Interface per Switch

City Type

No of city

GE 17

FE 16

Total switch

Others

800

800

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Note:The GE interface shall be optical 1550 nm single mode supporting distance of 20 k.m. It is used for aggregating DSLAMs.

Two RPR Tier 1 in A1 and A2 cities each, one RPR Tier 1 in A3, A4, B1, B2+BNG, B2-BNG cities each also functions as RPR Tier 2 and as such aggregate DSLAMs.
The RPR interface shall be optical 1550 nm single mode supporting distance of 40 k.m The FE interface shall be optical multimode supporting distance of 500m. It is used for interconnecting the LAN Switch deployed in OC type city. The GE interface for BNG and L3PE shall be optical multi mode (850 nm).

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