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PERIZINAN PERSPEKTIF HAM

ATIP LATIPULHAYAT FAKULTAS HUKUM UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN 2013

PENGERTIAN PERIZINAN

Izin: pernyataan mengabulkan (tidak melarang dsb); per-setujuan membolehkan. Izin adalah persetujuan dari penguasa berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan untuk memperuraikan tindakan atau perbuatan tertentu yang secara umum dilarang (Bagir Manan). Hukum perizinan adalah hukum yang mengatur hubungan masyarakat dengan Negara dalam hal adanya masyarakat yang memohon izin

TUJUAN

Mengarahkan (mengendalikan) aktivitas-aktivitas terentu (misalnya izin bangunan). Mencegah bahaya bagi lingkungan (izin-izin lingkungan). Melindungi objek-objek tertentu (izin terbang,izin membongkar pada monument-monumen) Membagi objek (benda-benda) yang terbatas (izin penghuni di daerah padat penduduk).

BENTUK PERIZINAN
DISPENSASI
IZIN LISENSI

(VERGUINING)

(LICENTIE, LICENCE)

ASAS-ASAS UMUM PEMERINTAHAN YANG BAIK


Asas

kepastian hukum; Asas tertib penyelenggaraan Negara; Asas keterbukaan; Asas proporsionalitas; Asas profesionalitas; Asas akuntabilitas.

ESENSI PERIZINAN
Relasi

negara dan Rakyat

Service

State

HAK PROSEDURAL = HAM


Everyone

has the right of equal access to public service in his country (Art.21:2 UDHR)
shift: from the rights of states to the rights of individuals.

Pradigmatic

GENERASI HAM
Liberte

: Hak Sipil dan Politik (Generasi Pertama) Hak negatif, negara tidak bisa campur tangan Ekosob (Generasi kedua) Hak Positif, negara wajib campur tangan. Hak Solidaritas pembangunan, kesehatan). (Hak atas

Egalite:

Fraternite:

HAK SUBSTANTIF DAN HAK PROSEDURAL


HAK SUBSTANTIF (HAM GENERASI PERTAMA, KEDUA, DAN KETIGA) HAK PROSEDURAL: - Hak atas administrasi yang baik (the right to good administration) - the right to complain - the right to be heard - the right to have corrective action taken if one has suffered harm from government

Piagam Hak-Hak Fundamental Uni Eropa (Pasal 41)


1. Every person has the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the institutions and bodies of the Union. 2. This right includes: - the right of every person to be heard, before any individual measure which would affect him or her adversely is taken; - the right of every person to have access to his or her file, while respecting the legitimate interests of confidentiality and of professional and business secrecy; - the obligation of the administration to give reasons for its decisions.

Piagam Hak-Hak Fundamental Uni Eropa (Pasal 41)


3. Every person has the right to have the Community make good any damage caused by its institutions or by its servants in the performance of their duties, in accordance with the general principles common to the laws of the Member States. 4. Every person may write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and must have an answer in the same language.