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Architectural acoustics is the science of noise control within buildings.

A sound stage is a soundproof, hangar-like structure, building, or room, used for the production of theatrical filmmaking and television production, usually located on a secure movie studio property. Noise reduction is the process of removing noise from a signal.

BEHAVIOUR OF SOUND IN AN ENCLOSURE An enclosed space is a room or area bounded on every of its sides. The materials for enclosure may be classified into two: Those that allow sound rays to pass through and Those that do not allow sound rays to pass through. Areas bounded with materials that allow sound rays to pass through tend to enjoy good acoustic as the effect of indirect sound from reflection is reduced within the space. In this space, sound from external source can pass through the material into the enclosure as background noise. The vibration of some of the materials can be a source of noise within the space and this can be a bane to the achievement of clear and audible speech and music. On encountering barriers posed by the enclosure, sound waves are likely to behave in the following ways: Reflection Absorption Refraction Diffusion Diffraction Transmission

LOUD SPEAKER

-The listener and loudspeakers should form a triangle; without this basic setup, you will never hear good sound staging and imaging. - The nearer the loudspeakers are to walls and corners, the louder the bass. -The loudspeaker and listener positions in the room affect the audibility of room resonant modes. -Listening height affects tonal balance. -Toe-in (angling the loudspeakers toward the listener) affects tonal balance, soundstage width, and image focus. -The farther out into the room the loudspeakers are, the better the sound staging particularly depth. Generally, the farther away from the rear wall the loudspeakers are, the deeper the soundstage. A deep, expansive soundstage is rarely developed with the loudspeakers near the rear wall. Pulling the loudspeakers out a few feet can make the difference between poor and spectacular sound staging.

Speech Privacy - Refers to the lack of speech intelligibility from adjacent talkers. Confidential privacy (meaning speech sounds can be heard but not understood) Normal privacy (meaning that speech can be occasionally heard and understood but is generally non-intrusive), to Poor privacy (wherein all adjacent speech can be heard and understood). Background noise is any sound element that tends to distract or in some manner interfere with the ability of the individual to hear or be heard. There are many different types of background noises, ranging from those that are almost undetectable to others that are extremely irritating. background noise is not considered unpleasant at all. For example, many restaurants utilize music playing softly in the background as a way to create a more inviting ambiance for diners. The idea is to set the volume of the music so that conversing in normal tones is possible

BASIC TYPES OF SOUND REINFORCING SYSYEMS

VIBRATION ISOLATION OF PUMPS AND GENERATORS: pumps and generators are sources of vibration and noise. With the correct design and installation, vibration issues can be avoided.

Radiated Noise This problem can occur with noise breaking in to the ducts from the mechanical room.

ductwork is recommended in mechanical rooms where break-in is possible. Placing a silencer at the wall between the mechanical room and the occupied space will reduce break-in before and prevent breakout noise from reaching the occupied space.

RUBBER MOUNTS: These isolators are used to diminish vibration, impact or shock as well as to reduce noise level during application use. Vibration mountings are ideal for a wide range of uses including, but not limiting to, use on electric motors, generators, fans, blowers, control panels, machinery and much more.

LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS AS SOUND BARRIERS While this wall bounces traffic noise back toward the street, a dense hedge above catches waves angled upward over the top.

The thick bark of this cork oak is an excellent surface for absorbing sound waves.

Exceptionally tall walls and gate deflect street noise, but the addition of the vines also help to refract and absorb it for a double benefit. The best plants for absorption of sound are thick leathery leaves and dense branching structure as this evergreen camellia, which doubles as ornamental planting.

This entry hedge of Ficus nitida reduces the traffic sound because it is just a few feet from the edge of pavement.

While the design of modern landscapes can cause problems with excess sound, the flexibility of this panel fence as well as the refraction ability of the lawn go hand in hand to keep sound from the private spaces behind.