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PERSPEKTIF PERAN APOTEKER MASA DEPAN

Kuliah Farmasi Masyarakat Umi Athiyah 19 Desember 2013

FIP

PROSES ditemukan SAF s/d menjadi Medicine yg berperan dalam farmakoterapi

SAF Sumber Asal SAF

Dosage Form Medici ne Medicine Used

Alam Hasil sintesis

Karakte risasi sifat fisikkimia, khasiat farmak ologi

Peranc angan pembu atanmanufa cturing Pendist ribusia n

Pelayan an Farmasi

Farmakoterapi Outcome terapi Idividual -appr Population-appr

FIP

FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce


SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Pharmaceutical Public Health

Pharmaceutical Care
Patient consultation and diagnosis Assessment of medicines Compounding of medecines Dispensing Medicines Monitor medicines therapy .

Health Promotion Medicines Information and Advice .

Population Focus Patient Focus System Focus Practice Focus Organization and Management
Budget and Reimbursement Human Resources Management Improvement of Service Procurement Supply Chain and Management Work Place Management .

Professional / Personal
Communication Skills CPD Legal and Regulatory Practice Professional and Ethical Practice QA and Research in the workplaces Self Management .

MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE

W.H.O

FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce


SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Pharmaceutical Care

Pharmaceutical Public Health

3rd COMMUNICATOR

1st CARE GIVER

Population Focus Patient Focus System Focus Practice Focus Organization and Management Professional / Personal
2nd DECISION-MAKER 4th LEADER 6th LIFELONG LEARNER 7th TEACHER 8th RESEARCHER

5th MANAGER

MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE

FIP

FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce


SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Pharmaceutical Public Health

Pharmaceutical Care
Patient consultation and diagnosis Assessment of medicines Compounding of medecines Dispensing Medicines Monitor medicines therapy .

Health Promotion Medicines Information and Advice .

Profession Patient Focus Judgment & Practice Focus System Focus Intervention Organization and Management Professional / Personal
Budget and Reimbursement Human Resources Management Improvement of Service Procurement Supply Chain and Management Work Place Management .

Population Focus

Communication Skills CPD Legal and Regulatory Practice Professional and Ethical Practice QA and Research in the workplaces Self Management .

MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE

FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce


SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Pharmaceutical Public Health

Pharmaceutical Care
Patient consultation and diagnosis Assessment of medicines Compounding of medecines Dispensing Medicines Monitor medicines therapy .

Health Promotion Medicines Information and Advice .

Profession Patient Focus Judgment & Practice Focus System Focus Intervention Organization and Management Professional / Personal
Budget and Reimbursement Human Resources Management Improvement of Service Procurement Supply Chain and Management Work Place Management .

Population Focus

Communication Skills CPD Legal and Regulatory Practice Professional and Ethical Practice QA and Research in the workplaces Self Management .

MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE

FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce


SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Pharmaceutical Public Health Pharmaceutical Care

DOSAGE FORM & DRUG USE


Population Focus

System Focus Organization and Management

Profession Judgment & Intervention

Patient Focus Practice Focus


Professional / Personal

LEADERSHIP SOFTSKILLS MANAGEMENT


MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE

1. UU 3. Peraturan Pemerintah 2. Ethics - Guidelines 3. Science and Technology 4. Experiences (internal) 5. Evidence (external) 6. Emergency

MORALITY

WISDOM

Profession Judgment & Intervention

Profession Judgment & Intervention

FIP GLOBAL COMPETENCIES FRAMEWORK

OUTCOMES

OUTPUT

EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
PROFESSIONALISM COMPETENCIES

KEBUTUHAN
PERILAKU PASIEN

Pengenalan kebutuhan Memutuskan u/ mencari yankes Proses mencari yankes Dasar/pijakan: Perilaku Sakit

SISTEM RUJUKAN PROFESIONAL Dokter Perawat Apoteker

PERILAKU PRAKTISI Proses Diagnosa Proses Terapi

Hasil (Pasien) Hilangnya gejala Sembuh Tidak ada efek samping

Pelayanan yang digunakan Periksa ke dokter Masuk ke RS Terapi obat

PROSES PELAYANAN KESEHATAN

Health-to-Death Continuum
Think about various levels of healthiness, sickness, and death
Activities to reduce disease and increase health by where they are initiated on the continuum

Figure 9.1

Relationship between Continuum and Health Promotion & Disease Prevention


Health Promotion optimize overall health. LEFT side Disease Prevention reduce occurrence and impact of specific diseases. RIGHT side

Figure 9.2

The Determinants of Health


Those factors associated with health either internal to the person or a characteristic of their external environment Health determinants within an ecological framework will be used to guide the discussion of health promotion

Levels of Health Determinants


Individuale.g. level of education Communitye.g. availability and accessibility of primary health care services Statee.g. laws promulgated by the state legislature to improve health Nationale.g. availability of grant programs to improve local services Globale.g. availability of organizations that can coordinate global responses

Levels of Health Determinants

Health promotion
Is defined as actions affecting one or more determinants of health Goal is to enable people to maintain or improve their physical, mental, or social wellbeing

Health promotion within an ecological framework


Positive interactions with the external environment improve health and well-being Negative interactions with the external environment result in illness or disease

Strategies for health promotion


Educationincluding general literacy as well as health literacy Modifying the external environment to encourage interactions that promote wellbeing rather than interactions that promote disease Combination of the two strategiesprovide education and modify the environment

Definition of health education


Any activity intended to produce changes in knowledge or ways of thinking that facilitates skill acquisition or behavior change related to health
Most health promotion activities involve at least some education Education may be aimed at community members or policymakers

Components of health education


Awarenessknowledge that a health issue exists How-to knowledgethe skill to use the knowledge to promote health Knowledge of principleswhy the action promotes health; without knowledge of why, health promotion knowledge may be misused