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Leadership and Motivation

TWO PILLARS FOR A SUCCESSFUL JOURNEY UP THE CAREER LADDER!

Course Objectives
Leadership and Motivation

Styles and Characteristics


What are these concepts all about?

Leadership Motivation

Why learn about them? Theories and Application


Current approaches

Leadership Motivation

Leadership Motivation

Leaders v/s Managers Leadership and Management Synergies

Role Plays and Videos

Concepts

Concepts

Need for Learning these concepts

Leadership

Motivation

Are Leaders Born or Made?

5 minutes to prepare points and think of arguments, examples, etc. Debate for 5 minutes. Team Leaders to summarize each teams views

Theories and Application

Leadership

Trait Theories

Sought personality, social, physical or intellectual traits Great Man Theory Seven traits associated with successful leadership:

Drive, Desire to Lead, Honesty and Integrity, Self-confidence, Intelligence,

Job-relevant knowledge, and


Extraversion.

Theories and Application

Leadership

Behavioral Theories (Blake and Mouton Studies)

Ohio

state

studies: (task v/s or

Initiating goal

Structure orientation)

Consideration

(recognition of individual needs and relationships)

University of Michigan studies: Employee oriented ( genuine concern Production for people) v/s oriented genuine

concern for task)

Theories and Application

Leadership

Situational Theories

Leadership

Fielders Model contingent

Contingency Leadership upon is the

following situational factors:


Leader member relation Task structure The status power (Position and Power Balance)

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Theories and Application

Leadership

Situational Theories

Leadership

Houses path goal model

Leader Behavior
Environmental Characteristics

Subordinates Characteristics

Personal

Subordinates Motivation to perform

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Theories and Application

Leadership

Situational Blanchard)

Leadership

Theories

(Hersey

and

First introduced as Life Cycle Theory of Leadership Rechristened as Situational Leadership Theory in the mid 1970s

Talks about followers:

Acceptance of the leaders,

Readiness to follow

Supportive Behavior also known as Concern for Relationship

Directive Behavior also known as Concern for Task

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Take a Break

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Theories and Application

Motivation

Maslows Need Theory

Level of needs grows with the achievement level needs. of previous

It also correlates with the growth and maturity of the individual.

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Theories and Application

Motivation

Herzbergs Two Factor Theory

Dis-satisfiers Hygiene (Maslows level 1 and 2)

are Factors Hierarchy

Satisfiers

are

Motivating
(Maslows

Factors
Hierarchy

level 3 and above)

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Theories and Application

Motivation

Mc Gregors Theory X and Theory Y

Focus on the perceptions that managers hold wrt staff

Theory

is

definitely

Controlling

Theory Y is collaborating

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Styles and characteristics

Leadership

Autocratic style Follow without any Questions / Deviations!

Democratic Welcome!

style

All

Opinions

are

Laissez faire style Feel free to behave as you Choose!

Functional leadership - Applicable only to specified functions!

Bureaucratic leadership - Function within the prepared framework!

Situational leadership Combination of All of the Above!

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Styles and characteristics

A good Leader has the following characteristics:


Involves guiding and motivating Existence of subordinates and common interests

Promotion of interest in the work


Garners Support from all Influences subordinates through personal qualities Dynamic

Follows Situational Leadership


Assumes obligation, ownership Interaction with followers Achievement of objectives

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Styles and characteristics


Motivation

Extrinsic Intrinsic Combination

Remember

Current Approaches to Leadership and Motivation

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Transactional Leadership

Leaders who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by clarifying role and task requirements

Transformational Leadership

Leaders who inspire followers to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the organization by clarifying role and task requirements

Charismatic Leadership

An enthusiastic, self-confident leader whose personality and actions influence people to behave in certain ways

Visionary Leadership

A leader who creates and articulates a realistic, credible, and attractive vision of the future that improves upon the present situation

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Leaders v/s Managers


Are all Managers, Leaders?
Are all Leaders, Managers?

Leadership and Management Synergies

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Any Questions?