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Kesiapan RS dalam Menghadapi Pandemi M.

Atoillah Isfandiari

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PENDAHULUAN

Pandemi
(dari bahasa Yunani (pan) yang artinya "semua dan (demo) yang artinya "orang adalah epidemi penyakit menular yang menyebar melalui populasi manusia di seluruh kawasan yang luas, misalnya beberapa benua, atau bahkan di seluruh dunia

Epidemi
dari (epi), yang berarti "di atas atau di atas" dan (demo), yang berarti "orang") yaitu suatu kasus baru penyakit tertentu, dalam populasi tertentu, dan selama periode tertentu, yang secara substansial melebihi apa yang diperkirakan berdasarkan pengalaman sebelumnya.

PENDAHULUAN

Menurut WHO, pandemi terjadi bila ketiga syarat terpenuhi : 1. Timbulnya penyakit bersangkutan merupakan suatu hal baru pada populasi bersangkutan 2. Agen penyebab penyakit menginfeksi manusia dan menyebabkan sakit serius 3. Agen penyebab penyakit menyebar dengan mudah dan berkelanjutan pada manusia. Suatu penyakit atau keadaan tidak dapat dikatakan sebagai pandemi hanya karena menewaskan banyak orang. Contoh, meskipun kanker menimbulkan angka kematian tinggi tetapi tidak dapat digolongkan pandemi karena tidak ditularkan Dikatakan bahwa pandemi influenza terjadi setiap 30-40 tahun
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Pandemi dalam Sejarah


Pes 1
Plague of Justinian ("wabah Justinian"), tahun 541, merupakan wabah pes bubonik yang pertama tercatat dalam sejarah. menewaskan 10.000 orang setiap hari dan mungkin 40 persen dari penduduk kota tersebut. The Black Death, dimulai tahun 1300-an. Delapan abad setelah wabah terakhir, pes bubonik merebak kembali di Eropa. menewaskan dua puluh juta orang Eropa dalam waktu enam tahun,

Kolera 2
pandemi pertama, 1816 1826. Pada mulanya wabah ini terbatas pada daerah anak benua India, Pandemi kedua (18291851) mencapai Eropa, Pandemi ketiga (1852 1860) terutama menyerang Rusia, memakan korban lebih dari sejuta jiwa. Pandemi keempat (1863 1875) menyebar terutama di Eropa dan Afrika. Pandemi keenam (1899 1923) sedikit memengaruhi Eropa. Pandemi ketujuh dimulai di Indonesia pada tahun 1961,

Influenza 3
"Flu Asiatik", 18891890. Dilaporkan pertama kali pada bulan Mei 1889 di Bukhara, Rusia. "Flu Spanyol", 19181919 pada bulan Mei 1918 di Spanyol, delapan juta orang terinfeksi wabah ini. Dalam enam bulan, 25 juta orang tewas; diperkirakan bahwa jumlah total korban jiwa di seluruh dunia sebanyak dua kali angka tersebut. "Flu Asia", 19571958. Wabah ini pertama kali diidentifikasi di Tiongkok pada awal Februari 1957, kemudian menyebar ke seluruh dunia pada tahun yang sama. "Flu Hong Kong", 19681969. Virus tipe H3N2 yang menyebabkan wabah ini dideteksi pertama kali di Hongkong pada awal 1968. Perkiraan jumlah kor..ban adalah antara 750.000 dan dua juta jiwa di seluruh dunia

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Potensi Pandemi Saat ini

Kesiapan RS menghadapi Pandemi

Komunikasi

Kontinyuitas pelayanan kesehatan dasar

Kapasitas lonjakan

Sumber Daya Manusia manajemen Logistik termasuk farmasi

KESIAPAN RS

Layanan Pendukung yang esensial Pencegahan dan Pengenadlian Infeksi

Manajemen kasus

Surveilans : Peringatan dini dan monitoring

Layanan laboratorium

PENDAHULUAN

Peran RS dalam kondisi Pandemi


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PENDAHULUAN

Kesiapan RS dalam menghadapi Pandemi


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