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# A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

Is there much ham on the plate? No, there isnt much. There are only three slices.

## No, there arent many.

There are only two.

## A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

We use a lot of/lots of with plural countable nouns (books, cars, etc.) and uncountable nouns (e.g. sugar, milk, etc.) in positive statements. Shes got lots of/a lot of books. Theres a lot of milk in the fridge.

Note: We omit of when a lot is not followed by a noun. Are there many people in the room?
Yes, there are a lot.

## A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

We normally use much with uncountable nouns in questions and negations.

How much money have you got? There isnt much sugar in the bowl.

## A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

We normally use many with plural countable nouns

## in questions and negations.

Are there many books on the shelf? There arent many books on the shelf.

## A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

In questions we use how much to ask about the amount of something and how many to ask about the number of things. How much + uncountable noun How many + countable noun How much sugar do we need? A kilo. (we want to know the amount) How many boys are there in your class? Twenty. (we want to know the number)

## Affirmative Question Countable nouns Uncountable nouns

a lot (of) lots of a lot of

Negative
many
much

(how) many
(how) much

## A: How many apples have you got?

B: Not many.

COUNTABLES - UNCOUNTABLES

B: A lot.

## A: How much flour have you got? B: A lot.

COUNTABLES - UNCOUNTABLES

## Carol has got a little flour.

She can make a cake.

## (A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Jill has got (very) little flour. She cant make a cake.

## (A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Carol has got a few strawberries. She can make some jam.

## (A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Jill has got (very) few strawberries. She cant make any jam.

## (A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

We use a little/little with uncountable nouns (water, money, rice, etc. A little means not much but enough. Ive got a little money. I can buy some bread. Little means hardly any, almost nothing and can go with very for emphasis. Theyve got (very) little money. They cant buy any bread.

## (A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

We use a few/few with plural countable nouns (tomatoes, books, cups, etc.). A few means not many but enough. There are a few tomatoes. We can make a salad. Few means hardly any, almost none and can go with very for emphasis. There are (very) few people in the cinema. It is almost empty.