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A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

Is there much ham on the plate? No, there isnt much. There are only three slices.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

Has she got many friends?

Yes, shes got a lot of friends.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

Are there many people in the swimming pool?

No, there arent many.


There are only two.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY


We use a lot of/lots of with plural countable nouns (books, cars, etc.) and uncountable nouns (e.g. sugar, milk, etc.) in positive statements. Shes got lots of/a lot of books. Theres a lot of milk in the fridge.

Note: We omit of when a lot is not followed by a noun. Are there many people in the room?
Yes, there are a lot.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY


We normally use much with uncountable nouns in questions and negations.

How much money have you got? There isnt much sugar in the bowl.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY


We normally use many with plural countable nouns

in questions and negations.


Are there many books on the shelf? There arent many books on the shelf.

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY


In questions we use how much to ask about the amount of something and how many to ask about the number of things. How much + uncountable noun How many + countable noun How much sugar do we need? A kilo. (we want to know the amount) How many boys are there in your class? Twenty. (we want to know the number)

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

Affirmative Question Countable nouns Uncountable nouns


a lot (of) lots of a lot of

Negative
many
much

(how) many
(how) much

Ask and answer

A: How many apples have you got?

B: Not many.

COUNTABLES - UNCOUNTABLES

A: How many apples have you got? B: A lot

Ask and answer

A: How much cheese have you got? B: Not much.

Ask and answer

A: How much cheese have you got? B: A lot.

Ask and answer

A: How many eggs have you got? B: A lot.

Ask and answer

A: How many sandwiches have you got? B: Not many.

Ask and answer

A: How much steak have you got?

B: A lot.

Ask and answer

A: How much flour have you got? B: A lot.

COUNTABLES - UNCOUNTABLES

A: How many carrots have you got? B: Not many.

Ask and answer

A: How much butter have you got? B: Not much.

Ask and answer

A: How many biscuits have you got? B: Not many.

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A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

A LOT OF - MUCH - MANY

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(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Carol has got a little flour.


She can make a cake.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Jill has got (very) little flour. She cant make a cake.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Carol has got a few strawberries. She can make some jam.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

Jill has got (very) few strawberries. She cant make any jam.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW


We use a little/little with uncountable nouns (water, money, rice, etc. A little means not much but enough. Ive got a little money. I can buy some bread. Little means hardly any, almost nothing and can go with very for emphasis. Theyve got (very) little money. They cant buy any bread.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW


We use a few/few with plural countable nouns (tomatoes, books, cups, etc.). A few means not many but enough. There are a few tomatoes. We can make a salad. Few means hardly any, almost none and can go with very for emphasis. There are (very) few people in the cinema. It is almost empty.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There is a lot of honey in the jar.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There is a little tuna in the tin.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There are a few biscuits in the packet.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There is a lot of Coke in the glass.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There is a lot of mayonnaise in the jar.

(A) LITTLE - (A) FEW

There are a few potatoes in the bag.