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Todays Objective

th 6

Period click here

To be able to use Sine and Cosine ratios to determine the angle measures and lengths of a right triangle. Use the packet to follow along with the rest of the lesson

Todays Objective

1.) Relationship to Angle

2.) Label the side opposite B, b and the side adjacent to B, a and the hypotenuse c

3.) Right Triangle XYZ with X having a measure of 300.

Read as Angle X
0 30

Construct a right 0 triangle with a 30 angle.


With a straight edge draw a line

Construct a right 0 triangle with a 30 angle.


Move the protractor and mark a 900 angle

Construct a right 0 triangle with a 30 angle.


Draw the 900 angle

Construct aMove right the 0 protractor triangle with a 30 angle.


and mark a 300 angle

Construct a right 0 Draw the triangle with a 30 angle. 0


30 angle.

300

Construct a right 0 triangle with a 30 angle.


A right triangle with a 300 angle.
300

3.) Draw the Triangle Measure the lengths of the sides and complete the table on the bottom of page 1. Then do 4 & 5

Use the calculator to find the decimal value for each part of #4 as well as the fraction. Calculator ~ Start, programs, Accessories, calculator

Calculator

4.) Ratios of the lengths of sides

XY (adjacent) XZ (hypotenuse) YZ (opposite) XZ (hypotenuse)

6.) Right Triangle XYZ with X having a measure of 450.

0 45

6.) Draw the Triangle Measure the lengths of the sides and complete the table on the bottom of page 2.

Ratios of the lengths of sides

XY (adjacent) XZ (hypotenuse) YZ (opposite) XZ (hypotenuse)


Back

The word ____________ comes from the Greek term meaning measure of triangles.

Starting page 3

For any right triangle, there are two common trigonometric ratios of the lengths of the sides of the triangle. These ratios are called the ______ and _________.

Trigonometry

Sin x = length of Opp side length of Hyp Cos x = length of Adj side length of Hyp
Right Triangle XYZ.

Trigonometry

Consider the right triangle XYZ

What is the Opposite side? What is the Adjacent side?

Sin = opp/hyp

Cos = adj/hyp

Open the calculator in the accessories group of the programs on the start menu.
Click on view and then click Scientific

Log on, then..

Your calculator should look like the following:

Scientific Calculator

1.) What is Sine? 2.) What is Cosine? 3.) What is the Sin (30)? 4.) What is the Cos (60)?
Compare the 2 answers for 3 & 4, what did you notice?

Bellwork 12/4-5

1.) What is Sine? A ratio of Opp/Hyp 2.) What is Cosine? A ratio of Adj/Hyp 3.) What is the Sin (30)? 4.) What is the Cos (60)?

Bellwork 12/4-5

3.) What is the Sin (30)? .5 4.) What is the Cos (60)? .5

Bellwork 12/4-5

Use a Calculator to plot the Cosine ratio for the angle in the graph. Example: Cos(60) = .5

Cosine Ratios

1.0 .90 .80 .70 Plot the points .60 and draw the .50 line. .40 .30 .20 .10 .00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Cosine Ratios

Use a Calculator to plot the Sine ratio for the angle in the graph. Example: Sin(60) = .866

Sine Ratios

1.0 .90 .80 .70 Plot the points .60 and draw the .50 line. .40 .30 .20 .10 .00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Sine Ratios

Sin = opp/hyp
Using the Chart

Find the measure of angle A on the Sine chart

Sin A = 18/30 = .6

1.0 .90 .80 .70 .60 .50 .40 .30 .20 .10 .00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Sine Ratios

o 37

Cos = adj/hyp
Using the Chart

Find the measure of angle A on the Cos chart

Cos A = 24/30 = .8

1.0 .90 .80 .70 .60 .50 .40 .30 .20 .10 .00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Cosine Ratios

o 37

Why are they the same 0 measure of 37 ?

Sine and Cosine ratios

For Triangle ABC, determine the value of each trigonometric ratio named on the bottom of page 4. Write the ratio as a fraction and as a decimal.

Trigonometry

1.) cos B 2.) Sin B 3.) cos C 4.) sin C

Trigonometry
adj/hyp opp/hyp adj/hyp opp/hyp

1.) Do the Skill and practice (1-15)

Classwork 12/4-5

2.) Do the Sine and Cosine Applications


You must show your work.

Again I say, You must show your work if you want to get credit for the packet. Show your work exactly as you see it in the examples.

Classwork 12/4-5

1.) Sin = 0 Sin 60 = n/54 0 60 .866 = n/54 (54).866 = n/54(54) 46.765 = n

Using Sine ratios (1-3)


0 60

Now you do 2 & 3 See the example for #4.

Using Sine ratios (1-3)

4.) Cos = 350 0 Cos 35 = n/112 .819 = n/112 (112).819 = n/112(112) 91.745 = n

Using Cos ratios (4-6)


0 35

Now you do 5 8. See the example for #9.

Using Sine ratios (4-8)

Find the Angle Measure 9.) Cos B = Cos B = 28/31 Cos B = .903 Watch the next slide to see how to convert .903 to degrees.

Find the Angle Measure 9.) Cos B = .903


Dont delete the decimal

Click this box

Click Cos

Find the Angle Measure 9.) Cos B = Cos B = 28/31 Cos B = .903 B = 25.41

Now you do 10 15. See the example for #1 of the sine & cosine application worksheet.

Find the Angle Measure

Sine & Cosine Applications

1.) Cos 45 = 45 Cos 45 = n/350 n = 247.487

(350).707 = n/350(350)

Sine & Cosine Applications Now you do 1 6 and #7.

Sine & Cosine Applications

7.)
Why 750
750

Sine & Cosine Applications

7.)

Why

0 75

750

Sine & Cosine Applications

7.) Cos 75 = Cos 75 = n/9 (9).259 = n/9(9) n = 2.3feet

List of Clicks
Start Internet High School Favorite links Student High School Hub Mathematics Discovering Trigonometry

Read the 1st paragraph and then click on the links and see each example.