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TUTORIAL 2 MATEMATIK

PISMP 2.02
WAN NURNADIAH BINTI WAN SALIM SHAKINA BINTI HASSAN MARDZATI BINTI OTHMAN

SOALAN 1
1. Pada suatu ketika dahulu, Raja Siam meminta pahlawannya mendapatkan ukuran berat bagi seekor gajah. Walaupun gajah itu tersangat berat untuk diukur menggunakan penimbang yang ada.

JAWAPAN

X 1400

SOALAN 2
2. Salah satu cerita dalam Seribu Satu Malam, Abu Nawas hanya membenarkan pengembara mendapatkan air daripada perigi di gurun itu setelah berjaya menyelesaikan masalah berikut. Semua pengembara diberikan satu bekas berukuran 3 liter dan satu bekas beukuran 5 liter. Mereka perlu menyukat air sebanyak 4 liter dan 7 liter menggunakan hanya bekas sukatan di atas. Anda perlu bantu pengembara-pengembara

menyelesaikan masalah-masalah itu.

JAWAPAN
Bekas yang berukuran 5 liter diisi dengan air. Kemudian air tersebut dituangkan ke dalam bekas berukuran 3 liter sehingga penuh. Baki air yang tinggal adalah sebanyak 2 liter. Eksperimen ini diulang sebanyak dua kali sehingga memperolehi 4 liter air. 5 liter 3 liter = 2 liter 5 liter 3 liter = 2 liter 2 liter + 2 liter = 4 liter Bagi mendapatkan ukuran 7 liter air, sukat sebanyak 3 liter air menggunakan bekas berukuran 3 liter. Setelah itu campurkan air tersebut ke dalam bekas yang telah diisi 4 liter air. Hasilnya adalah sebanyak 7 liter air. 4 liter + 3 liter = 7 liter

SOALAN 3
Polyas Model :

1.Understand The Problem 2.Decide How To Solve The Problem 3.Carry Out The Plan 4.Look Back ( Check )

Problem Solving is easy if you follow these steps

Understand the problem

Step 1 Understand the problem


Read the problem carefully. Find the important information. Write down the numbers. Identify what the problem wants you to solve. Ask if your answer is going to be a larger or

smaller number compared to what you already


know.

Step 1 - Understand the Problem Find the important information.


A rectangle has an area of 40 square
meter.If the perimeter of the rectangle is

26 meters,what are the length and the


width of the rectangle?

Step 1 - Understand the Problem Write down the key information.


40 m of rectangle area,
26 m of rectangle perimeter,

Step 1 - Understand the Problem Identify what the problem wants you to solve.
A rectangle has an area of 40 square meter .If the perimeter of the rectangle is 26

meters,what are the length and the width of


the rectangle?

Problem Solving is easy if you follow these steps

Decide how youre going to solve the problem

Step 2 - Decide how youre going to solve the problem Choose a method
Use a graph Write an equation Find a pattern Use reasoning Make a table Use formulas Make a list Work backwards Draw a diagram Act it out

HERE A FORMULAS THAT WE CAN USE TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM


A=LW

40 = L W
2W + 2L = P 2W + 2L = 26

( NOTE : L and W can be interchanged in this problem )

Problem Solving is easy if you follow these steps

Carry out the plan

CARRY OUT THE PLAN ( DEVISE A PLAN )

A=LW 40 = L W ( I know 40 is a product of 2 and 20,4 and 10,or 5 and 8) 2W + 2L = P 2W + 2L = 26 Look at the possible answers that would fit the formula for the area of the rectangle.Then put the numbers into the formula for the perimeter.The numbers 5 and 8 are the two numbers that work for both formulas.

Problem Solving is easy if you follow these steps

Look back ( check )

LOOK BACK ( CHECK )


Read the problem again to be sure the question was answered. I found the length and width of the rectangle,5 meters and 8 meters. Check the math to be sure it is correct. A=LW 40 = L W 40 = 8 5 P = 2L +2W 26 = 2L + 2W 26 = 2 (8) + 2 (5)

RELATED STRATEGY ( USING A DIAGRAM )


Area : 40 square meter

Perimeter : 26 meter

The possible length of rectangle is longer than width depends on its shape. If 1 40 = 40,so the perimeter = ( 1 + 1 + 40 + 40 )

= 82 meter ( not suit to 26 meter )


If 2 20 = 40,so the perimeter = ( 2 + 2 + 20 + 20 ) = 44 meter ( not suit to 26 meter ) If 4 10 = 40,so the perimeter = ( 4 + 4 + 10 + 10 ) = 28 meter ( not suit to 26 meter ) If 5 8 = 40,so the perimeter = ( 5 + 5 + 8 + 8 ) = 26 meter ( according to the perimeter given )

i.

8 5 40 m

5m

ii.

5 5

8m

8
+ 8 26 cm

Hence,the width of rectangle is 5 m and the length of


the rectangle is 8 m.

SOALAN 4
4.

Apakah strategi strategi penyelesaian masalah. Bincangkan 2 strategi tersebut.


MENGGUNAKAN MODEL

Dengan menggunakan model, para pelajar dapat menggambarkan situasi sesuatu masalah yang dihadapi dengan lebih mudah. Contoh : 1) Rajah dibawah menunjukkan 16 cotton buds yang disusun. Anda perlu membuang 4 cotton buds supaya menjadi 4 congruent segitiga.

LANGKAH PENYELESAIAN 1) FAHAMI MASALAH Murid perlu melakukan nya secara hands on. Murid perlulah mempunyai cotton buds untuk lebih memahami masalah tersebut. 2) MERANCANG Cari hubungan antara masalah dengan menggunakan data yang diberikan. Jalankan eksperimen walaupun dengan menggunakan kaedah cuba jaya.

16 cotton buds ( asal )

3) MENJALANKAN PERANCANGAN Untuk menjadikan 4 congruent triangles, murid perlu menggunakan kaedah cuba jaya. Murid perlu memilih mana-mana daripada cotton buds supaya segitiga menjadi empat.

Rajah 1 : 4 cotton buds dibuang daripada segitiga.

Rajah 2 : 4 congruent segitiga terbentuk ( keputusan )

4) SEMAK SEMULA Cari jalan penyelesaian yang lain untuk membuang cotton buds . Any suggestion?

CONSTRUCT TABLE

Question: How many hours will a car traveling at 65 miles per hour take to catch up with a car traveling at 55 miles per hour if the slower car starts one hour before the faster car? Steps taken to solve the problem 1) Understand the Problem 2) Choose a Strategy 3) Solve the Problem 4) Check

Solution : Hour Slower car Faster car 1 55


0

2 3 4 110 165 220


65 130 195

5 275
260

6 330
325

7 385
390

Check :

55 x 2 = 110, 55 x 3 = 165, 55 x 4 = 220, 55 x 5 = 275, 55 x 6 = 330, 55 x 7 = 385


65 x 2 = 130, 65 x 3 = 195, 65 x 4 = 260, 65 x 5 = 325, 65 x 6 = 390