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Learning Outcome:

Students identify the causes and the

consequences of a Tsunami and present
their findings to the class.

Madeleine van Niekerk

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• Tsunami (pronounced soo-nahm-ee) is a series of huge
waves that happen after an undersea disturbance, such
as an earthquake or volcano eruption. (Tsunami is from
the Japanese word for harbour wave.)

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What causes it?
• Interactive explanation on how the tsunami happened.
• Use the link attached to open a window where you will
find a interactive explanation video clip to show in class.

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Where did the disaster happen?
• 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
A magnitude 9.0 earthquake that struck off the
west coast of the Indonesian Island of Sumatra
on December 26, 2004 is the largest earthquake
to occur in the world in 40 years.

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• The earthquake generated a tsunami
wave that spread across the Indian Ocean
and devastated the coasts of Indonesia,
south Asia, eastern Africa, and
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What are the

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Hannala Zirath from Sweden holds her
husband's hand after they were reunited
December 28, 2004 following a tsunami which
hit the Thai resort island of Phuket. Zirath's
husband, who was injured by huge tidal
waves was being airlifted
to Bangkok for 7
One-year-old Hannes
Bergman of Sweden,
whose mother is
missing after
Sunday's tsunami, is
held by a caretaker at
a hospital in
Thailand's tourist
island of Phuket on
December 28, 2004.

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Father cries as he
holds the hand of
his eight-year-old
son killed in a
tsunami in
Cuddalore, 180 km
south of the Indian
city of Madras,
December 27, 2004

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Relatives of a tsunami victim cry before her
coffin in Koralawella, south of Colombo,
Sri Lanka, December 28, 2004.
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Asitha Fernando, a nine-
year-old Sri Lankan boy,
mourns the death of his
mother in Koralawella,
south of Colombo Sri
Lanka December 28, 2004
who was killed when a
tsunami hit the area on

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What support might
affected people need to
rebuild their lives?

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An Indian woman helps
her child to drink water
at a relief camp in the
south Indian city of
Madras December 28,

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A young Indian
survivor of Sunday's
tsunamis stretches her
hand to get her share
of food and clothes
donated by voluntary
organizations in
Cuddalore, about 180
km (112 miles) south of
the Indian city of
Madras, December 29,
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An Indian child
tsunami survivor
holds on to a shirt
donated by a
organization in
Cuddalore, about 180
km ( 112 miles) south
of the Indian city of
Madras, December
29, 2004
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Tsunami survivors
rush for clothes and
food donated by
organizations in
Cuddalore, about 180
km (112 miles) south
of the Indian city of
Madras December 29,

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Student Task
• Student Task:
• Select, Tsunamis as a types natural disaster to research.
• Create a power point presentation including all the information in the sub-headings that follows.
• Try and create at least one slide per sub-heading.
• Sub-headings:
• What causes it?
• Where do they occur?
• How much warning would it be possible to have?
• How could people prepare for it?
• What sort of damage does it do to people and the environment?
• List the ways different people (eg school child, subsistence farmer, day laborer, transport worker,
large business operator) could be affected?
• Who would be most affected?
• What support might affected people need to rebuild their lives?
• Why might people live in an area affected by this type of disaster?
• Develop a plan for what you might do if you lived in an area affected by such a hazard.

• Present your information in an interesting format (photo report, interview, dramatization, power
point presentation etc) to the rest of the class.
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