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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF

DAN KRITIS DLM


PENYELESAIAN MASALAH

DIOLAH DAN DISAMPAIKAN SEMULA


OLEH
MD. ARIF BIN MD. ZIN
INSTITUT PERGURUAN TEMENGGONG IBRAHIM

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RUJUKAN
Barak , Moshe & Doppelt , Yaron (2005) Using Portfolios to Enhance
Creative Thinking
http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JOTS/Summer-Fall-2000/barak.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_thinking

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KERANGKA NOTA
PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
PEMIKIRAN KRITIS
JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
mental process involving the
generation
• new ideas or concepts,
or
• new associations between
existing ideas or concepts.

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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
Creativity, it has been said,
consists largely of re-arranging
what we know in order to find out
what we do not know."
George Kneller

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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
Creativity
producing new ideas, approaches or
actions,
Bandingkan … dgn INOVASI
innovation
applying such creative ideas in some
specific context

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(1/x) PEMIKIRAN KRITIS

reflecting upon a tangible or


intangible item

to form a solid judgment

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(1/x) PEMIKIRAN KRITIS

gather information from


all senses

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PEMIKIRAN KRITIS
(1/x)

KEJELASAN

KESAHAN

P.KRITIS
LOGIK

RELEVAN

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(1/5) JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

• PEM. LATERAL ( MENDATAR )

• PEM. VERTICAL ( MENEGAK )

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(2/5) JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

• PEM. LATERAL ( MENDATAR )

discovering new directions of


thinking in the quest for a wealth of
ideas

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(3/5) JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

• PEM. LATERAL ( MENDATAR )

Jumps and moves in order to generate a new


direction

does not have


to be correct
fixed categories

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(4/5) JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

PEM. VERTICAL ( MENEGAK )

the development of ideas and checking


them against objective criteria

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(5/5) JENIS PEMIKIRAN
( DeBono , 1970 )

PEM. VERTICAL ( MENEGAK )


selective and sequential;

it moves only if there is a direction in


which to move

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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
(1/2)

& PEMIKIRAN KRITIS


PV selects most promising
approach

PL generates approaches.

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PEMIKIRAN KREATIF
(2/2)

& PEMIKIRAN KRITIS

synthesis of lateral thinking


and vertical thinking,
each complementing

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