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Topic to be discuss
Part 1. Identifying PC parts and their functions. Part 2. Disassembling and assembling Computer Unit


Personal Computers (PCs) and PCbased equipment are based on common hardware.

Part 1 Identifying parts of computer External components

Visible to the end-user Required for the PC to function Consist of

Case Monitor Keyboard Mouse


The case is the box that holds the internal components of the PC. It protects those delicate components from dust and debris.


The monitor is the main output component used on a PC. Its where the computer is able to show you what it, and you, are doing.

CRT CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) computer monitors were the most common computer monitors until flat panel screens became affordable. Similar to older TVs, CRT monitors still typically have much better contrast ratios and viewing angles than other computer monitor alternatives.

19' CRT monitor consumes most, about 80W of power.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) computer monitors save a lot of space and can even be mounted on walls. They provide a wide viewing angle and come in sizes typically ranging from 17-inches to 60-inches.

A 22' LCD monitor typically consumes 50W of power

Plasma Plasma computer monitors are less commonly used with computers due to their high operating temperatures, high power consumption, and fixed resolution.

They are called "plasma" displays because the technology utilizes small cells containing electrically charged ionized gases, or what are in essence chambers more commonly known as fluorescent lamps.

Touchscreen computer monitors provide a new way of interacting with your computer with a touch-sensitive screen. This allows users to interact directly with the application on screen without need for a mouse or keyboard.

OLED OLED (Organic Light Emitting Display) computer monitors are much thinner and brighter than LCD or Plasma screens. OLED monitors can also be placed on transparent surfaces, such as glass, allowing the user to see through them when not active.


The keyboard is the main input device you use with a computer or PC-based equipment.


On any PC that uses graphics (pictures), a mouse is an essential input device that allows you to control the PC.

Internal Components
Motherboard CPU Drives Expansion cards Memory Power supply


The motherboard (main board, system board) is a large circuit board which all other PC components connect to in some way.


The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the PC. All work done by the PC involves the CPU in some way. The CPU plugs into the motherboard.


There are many kinds of drives in a computer: CDROM drives, hard drives, floppy drives, ZIP drives, tape drives, pen drives. The basic function of all drives is to store information (more on this later).


Random Access Memory (RAM) is memory that the CPU uses when performing its tasks. RAM consists of chips that plug into the motherboard. In general, the more RAM you have, the better.

Power Supply

The power supply is crucial to the PC. It converts power from the wall outlet into power the PC can use. It powers all internal components, including the motherboard and drives.

Communication Ports

Common communication ports are:

Keyboard Mouse Serial Parallel Modem Network Interface Card (NIC) USB

Compare Communications Ports

Parallel is normally used for output only. Keyboard and mouse ports are normally input only. Serial, NIC, Modem and USB are bidirectional (input and output).


Modems are normally expansion cards that contain two phone jacks. They communicate via phone lines to remote devices.

Storage Reminders
RAM stores information that is currently active. Information in RAM must be saved to secondary storage or it will be lost when power is removed. Secondary storage keeps data unless the user removes it (or the device fails).


RAM stands for Random Access Memory RAM changes constantly as the CPU needs different items in memory based on the users requests. RAM is lost when power is removed.

ROM stands for Read Only Memory ROM does not change. ROM is not lost when the power is removed from a PC. ROM stores key instructions that the computer needs to boot up and operate.

Part II Disassemble and Assembling Computer unit Observed the OHS 1. Remove all the plug to the current outlet. 2. Use he proper tools in assembling/disassembling unit.


Thank you and get ready for the Student Demonstration.